Arabic for Protected. An area reserved for the grazing of animals dedicated for the gods of Pagan Arabia. Private pasture.
Muhammad as usual, 'Islamized' this word and it became to mean a protected pasture area dedicated to grazing animals sacrificed for Zakat purposes.
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 1.49Narrated byAn Numan bin Bashir
I heard Allah's Apostle saying, 'Both legal and illegal things are evident but in between them there are doubtful (suspicious) things and most of the people have no knowledge about them. So whoever saves himself from these suspicious things saves his religion and his honor. And whoever indulges in these suspicious things is like a shepherd who grazes (his animals) near the Hima (private pasture) of someone else and at any moment he is liable to get in it. (O people!) Beware! Every king has a Hima and the Hima of Allah on the earth is His illegal (forbidden) things. Beware! There is a piece of flesh in the body if it becomes good (reformed) the whole body becomes good but if it gets spoilt the whole body gets spoilt and that is the heart.
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 3.558Narrated byAs Sab bin Jath thama
Allah's Apostle said, No Hima except for Allah and His Apostle. We have been told that Allah's Apostle made a place called An-Naqi' as Hima, and 'Umar made Ash-Sharaf and Ar-RabadhaHima (for grazing the animals of Zakat).
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 3.267Narrated byAn Numan bin Bashir
The Prophet said "Both legal and illegal things are obvious, and in between them are (suspicious) doubtful matters. So whoever forsakes those doubtful things lest he may commit a sin, will definitely avoid what is clearly illegal; and whoever indulges in these (suspicious) doubtful things bravely, is likely to commit what is clearly illegal. Sins are Allah's Hima (i.e. private pasture) and whoever pastures (his sheep) near it, is likely to get in it at any moment."
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 4.256Narrated byAs Sab bin Jaththama
The Prophet passed by me at a place called Al-Abwa or Waddan, and was asked whether it was permissible to attack the pagan warriors at night with the probability of exposing their women and children to danger. The Prophet replied, "They (i.e. women and children) are from them (i.e. pagans)" I also heard the Prophet saying, "The institution of Hima is invalid except for Allah and His Apostle."
*** The Ahadith, when studied very carefully, reveal the truth about both Muhammad and his Quran.
In fact, the AhadithDESTROY the alleged veracity of Muhammad's message.
The verse above shows that his recently converted followers, still had the compassion and humanity of thePAGAN ARABS towardsunarmed civilians especially women and children.
Muhammad, true to form, changed these decent and chivalrous human beings and turned them into unconscionable murderers by allowing his followers to slaughter civilians.
The Ahadith and the Quran actually PROVE that the Jahiliyah Arabs were actually infinitely more humane and compassionate than any of Muhammad's followers***
Sahih Al-Bukhari HadithHadith 4.292Narrated byAslam
Umar bin Al-Khattab appointed a freed slave of his, called Hunai, manager of the Hima (i.e. a pasture devoted for grazing the animals of the Zakat or other specified animals). He said to him, "O Hunai! Don't oppress the Muslims and ward off their curse (invocations against you) for the invocation of the oppressed is responded to (by Allah); and allow the shepherd having a few camels and those having a few sheep (to graze their animals), and take care not to allow the livestock of 'Abdur-Rahman bin 'Auf and the livestock of ('Uthman) bin 'Affan, for if their livestock should perish, then they have their farms and gardens, while those who own a few camels and those who own a few sheep, if their livestock should perish, would bring their dependents to me and appeal for help saying, 'O chief of the believers! O chief of the believers!' Would I then neglect them? (No, of course). So, I find it easier to let them have water and grass rather than to give them gold and silver (from the Muslims' treasury). By Allah, these people think that I have been unjust to them. This is their land, and during the pre-Islamic period, they fought for it and they embraced Islam (willingly) while it was in their possession. By Him in Whose Hand my life is! Were it not for the animals (in my custody) which I give to be ridden for striving in Allah's cause, I would not have turned even a span of their land into a Hima."
*** The reader shoud be made aware that the wealth of Umar ibn al Khattab was not due to his hard work, effort or intellect, but was entirely accumulated from the slaughter, plunder, pillage and enslavement of the hard earned assets of other Arab tribes, the 'Jews' and the Christians ***