2This is the Book; in it is guidance sure without doubt to those who fear Allah.
*** This verse is intriguing since Muhammad - unlike Moses - did not receive his 'revelations' in writing but were given to him orally by allegedly, the angel Gabriel.
The Quran was memorized during the ministry of Muhammad of 23 years and was only recorded in 'book' form after his death***
3Who believe in the Unseen are steadfast in prayer and spend out of what We have provided for them.
4And who believe in the Revelation sent to thee and sent before thy time and (in their hearts) have the assurance of the Hereafter.
5They are on (true) guidance from their Lord and it is these who will prosper.
6As to those who reject Faith it is the same to them whether thou warn them or do not warn them; they will not believe.
7Allah hath set a seal on their hearts and on their hearing and on their eyes is a veil; great is the penalty they (incur).
#31 All actions are referred to Allah. Therefore, when we get the penalty of our deliberate sin, and our senses become impervious to good, the penalty is referred to the justice of Allah. (2.7)32 The penalty here is the opposite of the prosperity referred to in 5. As we go down the path of sin, our penalty gathers momentum, just as goodness brings its own capacity for greater goodness#
*** This verse implies that Allah has PRE-DESTINED these people to suffer purgatory and not because they are evil. They have been deprived of their free will. In the theology of the Jews, this is not the case since God has given Mankind the FREEWILL to choose.
Deuteronomy 30:15 "See, I have set before you this day life and good, and death and evil;16. In that I command you this day to love the Lord your God, to walk in his ways, and to keep his commandments and his statutes and his judgments, that you may live and multiply; and the Lord your God shall bless you in the land which you are entering to possess.17. But if your heart turns away, so that you will not hear, but shall be drawn away, and worship other gods, and serve them;18. I announce to you this day, that you shall surely perish, and that you shall not prolong your days upon the land, to which you are going over the Jordan, to enter and possess.
19. I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set beforelife and death, blessing and cursing; therefore choose life,that both you and your seed may live; 20. That you may love the Lord your God, and that you may obey his voice, and that you may cleave to him; for he is your life, and the length of your days; that you may live in the land which the Lord swore to your fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give them"***
8Of the people there are some who say:"We believe in Allah and the Last Day" but they do not (really) believe.
9Fain would they deceive Allah and those who believe but they only deceive
themselves and realize (it) not!
10In their hearts is a disease; and Allah has increased their disease and grievous is the penalty they (incur) because they are false (to themselves).
11When it is said to them: "Make not mischief on the earth" they say: "Why we only to make peace!"
12Of a surety they are the ones who make mischief but they realize (it) not.
13When it is said to them: "Believe as the others believe" they say: "Shall we believe as the fools believe?" nay of a surety they are the fools but they do not know.
14When they meet those who believe they say: "We believe" but when they are alone with their evil ones they say: "We are really with you we (were) only jesting."
15Allah will throw back their mockery on them and give them rope in their trespasses; so they will wander like blind ones (to and fro).
16These are they who have bartered guidance for error: but their traffic is profitless and they have lost true direction.
17Their similitude is that of a man who kindled a fire; when it lighted all around him Allah took away their light and left them in utter darkness so they could not see.
18Deaf dumb and blind they will not return (to the path).
19Or (another similitude) is that of a rain-laden cloud from the sky; in it are zones of darkness and thunder and lightning they press their fingers in their ears to keep out the stunning thunder-clap the while they are in terror of death.But Allah is ever round the rejecters of Faith!
20The lightning all but snatches away their sight; every time the light (helps) them they walk therein and when the darkness grows on them they stand still. And if Allah willed He could take away their faculty of hearing and seeing; for Allah hath power over all things.
21O ye people! adore your Guardian-Lord who created you and those who came before you that ye may have the chance to learn righteousness.
22Who has made the earth your couch and the heaven your canopy; and sent down rain from the heavens; and brought forth therewith fruits for your sustenance;then set not up rivals unto Allah when ye know (the truth).
23And if ye are in doubt as to what We have revealed from time to time to Our servant then produce a Surah like thereunto; and call your witnesses or helpers (if there are any) besides Allah if your (doubts) are true.
24But if ye cannot and of a surety ye cannot then fear the fire whose fuel is Men and Stones which is prepared for those who reject Faith.
25But give glad tidings to those who believe and work righteousness that their portion is Gardens beneath which rivers flow.Every time they are fed with fruits there from they say:"Why this is what we were fed with before" for they are given things in similitude; and they have therein companions (pure and holy); and they abide therein (for ever).
#44 This is the antithesis to the last verse.If fire is the symbol of Punishment, the Garden is the symbol of felicity. And what can be more delightful than a Garden where you observe from a picturesque height a beautiful landscape round you, - rivers flowing with cyrstal water, and fruit trees of which the choicest fruit is before you. The fruit of goodness is goodness, similar, but choicer in every degree of ascent. You think it is the same, but it is because of your past experiences and associations of memory. Then there is companionship. If sex is suggested, its physical associations are at once negatived by the addition of the word Mutahharatun "pure and holy." The Arabic epithet is in the intensive form, and must be translated by two adjectives denoting purity in the highest degree. The Companionship is that of souls and applies to both sexes in the physical world of men and women. And this felicity is not a mere passing phase but will abide beyond the realms of Time#
*** The Arabic word for 'Garden' is 'Jannat' which is derived from the Hebrew word 'Gan' meaning garden or grove. This word did not exist in Arabic folklore before the Quran since they had no concept of Heaven, Hell and Paradise(Garden).
This was of course plagiarised from the Bible. The Quran, contrary to the very careful explanations given by the interpreter, actually promises its heavenbound followers unlimited sexual and sensual pleasures, forever; they can have after death in Muhammad's version of Paradise what they are not allowed in life on Earth.
There is no doubt that Muhammad's illiterate and unlearned followers would not be interested in everlasting spiritual and or intellectual communion with beautiful companions of the opposite sex even in Paradise.There are other verses in the Quran as well as Ahadith stories that promise sex companions and 72 virgins also, such as Surah 4:57; 11:23.
Tirmidi 3834 & 5648 Al-Tirmidhi HadithHadith 5636 Narrated by Anas ibn Malik
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, "In Paradise the believer will be given such and such power to conduct sexual intercourse." He was asked whether he would be capable of that and replied that he would be given the capacity of a hundred men"***
26 Allah disdains not to use the similitude of things lowest as well as highest.Those who believe know that it is truth from their Lord; but those who reject Faith say: "What means Allah by this similitude?" By it He causes many to stray and many He leads into the right path but He causes not to stray except those who forsake (the path).
27Those who break Allah's Covenant after it is ratified and who sunder what Allah has ordered to be joined and do mischief on earth : These cause loss (only) to themselves
28How can ye reject the faith in Allah? Seeing that ye were without life and He gave you life; then will He cause you to die and will again bring you to life; and again to Him will ye return.
29It is He who hath created for you all things that are on earth; moreover His design comprehended the heavens for He gave order and perfection to the seven firmaments; and of all things he hath perfect knowledge.
30Behold thy Lord said to the angels: "I will create a vicegerent on earth." They said "Wilt thou place therein one who will make mischief therein and shed blood? Whilst we do celebrate Thy praises and glorify Thy holy (name)?" He said: "I know what ye know not."
*** This of course is an altered version from Rabbinical traditions***
31And He taught Adam the nature of all things; then He placed them before the angels and said: "Tell Me the nature of these if ye are right."
*** This is contrary to the Biblical version where in Adam gave the names WITHOUT the prompting of God***
32They said: "Glory to Thee of knowledge we have none save that Thou hast taught us: in truth it is Thou who art perfect in knowledge and wisdom."
33>He said: "O Adam! tell them their natures." When he had told them Allah said: "Did I not tell you that I know the secrets of heaven and earth and I know what ye reveal and what ye conceal?
*** "And He taught Adam the nature of all things" is a deliberate mistranslation from Arabic which explicitly states that 'He taught Adam all their names' which is of course a misquotation from the Bible.
Genesis 1: 19 "And out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast of the field, and every bird of the air; and brought them to Adam to see what he would call them; and whatever Adam called every living creature, that was its name.20. And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the bird of the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not found a help to match him"
Even from the very beginning of the Quran, the interpreter starts a deliberate process of misinformation, wrong translations and dis-information to explain away the very difficult and incomprehensible verses of the Quran and tries to make the Quran look original as if it had not plagiarised most of its most important verses and concepts from the Bible and rabbinical writings***
34>And behold We said to the angels: "Bow down to Adam"; and they bowed down not so Iblis he refused and was haughty he was of those who reject Faith.
#49 The Arabic may also be translated: "They bowed down, except Iblis." In that case Iblis (Satan) would be one of the angels. But the theory of fallen angels is not accepted in Muslim theology. In xviii, 50 Iblis is spoken of as a Jinn. We shall discuss later the meaning of this word#
*** The above story is plagiarized from Jewish folklore as compiled in the Legends of the Jews (Ginzberg 1:62-3) and their Scriptures. The only difference is that instead of Satan, the Quran puts in Iblis as Allah's adversary.
The Jinn - in the mythology of pagan Arabia - were the malevolent 'spirits' who plagued the pagan Bedouins in the barrenness of the Arabian desert. Muhammad'Islamised' this primitive theology and incorporated it in his Quran, as he did with almost every other Pagan Arabian fetishes and customs.
Satan is a concept invented by the Rabbis to identify and personalize all evil; it is not in the Torah and neither the God of Israel nor Allah of Pagan Arabia had knowledge of or created such a 'creature'. In the Torah, the God of Israel held Man responsible for all his own deeds whether good or evil.
Deut 30: 19" I call heaven and earth to record this day against you, that I have set before you life and death, blessing and cursing; therefore choose life, that both you and your seed may live".
Pagan Arabia moreover had no concept of angels in their very primitive religion, this too was pirated from Bible ***
35>We said: "O Adam! dwell thou and thy wife in the garden and eat of the bountiful things therein as (where and when) ye will but approach not this tree or ye run into harm and transgression."
# Was the Garden of Eden a place on this earth? Obviously not. For, in verse 36 below, it was after the Fall that the sentence was pronounced: "On earth will be your dwelling." Before the Fall, we must suppose Man to be on another plane altogether - of felicity, innocence, trust, a spiritual existence, with the negation of enmity, want of faith, and all evil. Perhaps Time and Space also did not exist, and the Garden is allegorical as well as the tree. The forbidden tree was not the tree of knowledge for man was given in that perfect state fuller knowledge than he has now (ii. 31); it was the tree of Evil, which he was forbidden not only to eat of, but even to approach#
*** The deliberate perversion, falsification and distortion of the translation and interpretations of the Quranic verses begin here.
Since the Arabs before the Quran had a very primitive astral theology and had absolutely no knowledge of the historical and theological contents of the Bible, then on what basis does this interpreter presume to tell the reader that it was the tree of 'evil' that Adam and Eve were prohibited from eating the fruit thereof when the Bible is explicit that it is the tree of 'Knowledge' ?
Gen 2:17" But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat of it; for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.
It should be made clear at the very start, that the interpreters of the Quran in general, are not interested in historical truths but only in trying to explain the incredible number of Quranicverses that are obviously wrong when compared and contrasted to their originals in theBible and Scriptures.
It should also be made clear that not ONCE in whole of theQurandoes the name of the garden 'Eden' appear in the English translations which otherwise refers to it as the'garden of Eternity' instead. Neither is the name 'Eve' ever mentioned in the Arabic of the Quran.
Further more, the Bible literally gives the borders of the Garden as they are on Earth and not anywhere in the Heavens as the interpreter's preposterous and untenable allegations purport it to be.
Genesis 2:10" And a river went out from Eden to water the garden; and from there it was divided, and became four rivers.11. The name of the first is Pishon; that is the one which flows around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold;12. And the gold of that land is good; there is bdellium and the onyx stone.13. And the name of the second river is Gihon; that is the one which flows around the whole land of Kush.14. And the name of the third river is the Tigris; that is the one which flows toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.15. And the Lord God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to cultivate it and to keep it"
The idea that another Garden of Eden is in heaven was promulgated by the Hebrew Sages as the abode in the afterlife of good people. It is upon such misrepresentations and misunderstandings of theBible and the Hebrew Scriptures that the Quranand its interpreters almost invariably IMPALE themselves ***
36>Then did Satan make them slip from the (garden) and get them out of the state (of felicity) in which they had been. We said: "Get ye down all (ye people) with enmity between yourselves. On earth will be your dwelling place and your means of livelihood for a time
#"Iblis" in ii. 34 is apparently the Power of Evil, with the root idea of desperateness of rebillion. "Satan" in this verse is the Power of Evil, with the root idea of perversity or enmity. Note the appropriateness of the term on each occasion. Also, "slipping" from the Garden denotes the idea of Evil gradually tempting man from a higher to a lower state. God's decree is the result of man's action. Note the transition in Arabic from the singular number in ii. 33, to the dual in ii. 35, and the plural here, which I have indicated in English by "All ye people." Evidently Adam is the type of all mankind, and the sexes go together in all spiritual matters. Moreover, the expulsion applied to Adam, Eve, and Satan, and the Arabic plural is appropriate for any number greater than two#
*** Pagan Arabs - before the Quranic revelations - had no concept of Satan,the Garden of Eden, Adam or Eve or any other item contained in the Bible. The interpreters of the Quran can say whatever they like - and contrary to all of their assertions - can never change the most important fact:
The Quran asserts thatPagan Arabia had no knowledge of the Bible or its contents, neither in its oral tradition nor from any written records.
Moreover, the Bible does not mention an adversary to the Almighty called Satan or any other such entity. It was the serpent which tempted Eve to eat the fruit of the forbidden tree of Knowledge.
Genesis 3:1" Now the serpent was more subtle than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, Has God said, you shall not eat of every tree of the garden? 2. And the woman said to the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden;3. But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, you shall not eat of it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die."
Muhammad used the Satan concept which he pirated fromJewishandChristian traditions to replace the serpent and hence makes the Quran appear 'different' from the Bible. Moreover, the "…enmity between yourselves…" applied only to the enmity between serpents and humankind as mentioned, again, in the Bible ***
37>Then learnt Adam from his Lord words of inspiration and his Lord turned toward him; for He is Oft-Returning Most Merciful.
# 55 As "names" in verse 31 above is used for the "nature of things", so "words" here mean "inspiration" "spiritual knowledge". The Arabic word used for "learn" here implies some effort on his part to which God's Grace responded#
38>We said: "Get ye down all from here; and if as is sure there comes to you guidance from Me" whosoever follows My guidance on them shall be no fear nor shall they grieve.
*** Once again, the Quran wrogly assumes that the Garden of Eden is in Heaven from which Adam and Eve were thrown 'down' to Earth.
The Bible which is, after all, the originator of the story, asserts that it was on Earth surrounded by four rivers two of which are in Iraq, the Tigris and Euphrates ***
39>"But those who reject Faith and belie Our Signs they shall be Companions of the Fire; they shall abide therein."
40>O Children of Israel! call to mind the (special) favor which I bestowed upon you and fulfill your covenant with Me as I fulfill My covenant with you and fear none but Me.
# The appeal is made to Israel subjectively in terms of their own tradition. You claim to be a favoured nation; have you forgotten My favours? You claim a special Covenant with Me: I have fulfilled My part of the Covenant by bringing you out of the land of bondage and giving you Canaan, the land "flowing with milk and honey" how have you fulfilled your part of the Covenant? Do you fear for your national existence? If you fear Me, nothing else will matter#
*** As usual in the Quran, the scene jumps without reason or logic from one subject in one time and place to a completely different and unrelated one in another time and place. Contrary to all the continuous and insidious implications made by the Quran and its interpreters, the indisputable fact remains that-
While the alleged descendants of Ishmael forgot their One and Only Allah for almost 2500 years, the Children of Israel, against all odds, continued to carry the light of the One and Only God so that it was 'revealed' again to the Arabs by Muhammad by copying from theBible - with suitable editing and alterations- everything of importance in his Quran.
The Israelites were 'chosen' to be a 'light unto humanity'; a role in which they succeeded enormously since because of them there are more than three billion people who believe in the One God.
It is crystal clear in this verse that Allah's covenant with the Israelites was a very simple one based upon a single unalterable premise: That they would never associate any other god with him.
This covenant was never broken by the Israelites and their descendants, the Jews, and because it was continued throughout the centuries, AGAINST ALL ODDS,Muhammad was able to PLAGIARISE, PLUNDER, PIRATE and/or PERVERT these concepts, thoughts and ideas from them.
Hence, all the accusations, lies, falsifications of history, perversions of truth and disinformation levelled against them by other verses of the Quran and by the followers of Muhammad are exactly that; unsubstantiated and irrelevant calumny and harangues completely bereft of any veracity and based entirely on self evident loathing and fear of the truth:
That the Quran is a complete and utter fabrication which emanted from the mind of Muhammad but attributed to the mouth of the innocent and unsuspecting pagan rock god of the Ka'ba,Allah***
41>And believe in what I reveal confirming the revelation which is with you and be not the first to reject faith therein nor sell My Signs for a small price: and fear Me and Me alone.
42>And cover not Truth with falsehood nor conceal the Truth when ye know (what it is).
43>And be steadfast in prayer; practice regular charity; and bow down your heads with those who bow down (in worship).
44Do ye enjoin right conduct on the people and forget (to practice it) yourselves and yet ye study the Scripture? Will ye not understand?
*** Verses 44-58are renderings of
Acts 7:36-53 " He brought them out, after that He had showed wonders and signs in the land of Egypt, and in the Red Sea, and in the wilderness forty years…. ***
2:45Nay seek (Allah's) help with patient perseverance and prayer: it is indeed hard except to those who bring a lowly spirit.
46>Who bear in mind the certainty that they are to meet their Lord and that they are to return to Him.
47>O Children of Israel! call to mind the (special) favor which I bestowed upon You and that I preferred you to all others.
*** Even the Quran can sometimes err by telling the facts for a change. It was God who after all, CHOSE the People Israel to be a priestly people. Contrary to all the abysmal anti semitic diatribes, it is not the Israelites who claimed such a privilege.It was bestowed upon them by the Almighty .
With utter contempt to reality and veracity, the followers of Muhammad very deliberately and conveniently IGNORE the fact that Muhammad used EXACTLY the same language in his Quran in describing himself and his followers as the BEST of HUMANITY ***
48>Then guard yourselves against a day when one soul shall not avail another nor shall intercession be accepted for her nor shall compensation be taken from her nor shall anyone be helped (from outside).
49>And remember We delivered you from the people of Pharaoh: they set you hard tasks and punishments slaughtered your sons and let your womenfolk live; therein was a tremendous trial from your Lord.
#64 The bondage of Egypt was indeed a tremendous trial. Even the Egyptians' wish to spare the lives of Israel's females when the males were slaughtered, added to the bitterness of Israel. Their hatred was cruel, but their "love" was still more cruel. About the hard tasks, see Exod. i. 14: "They made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in mortar and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field; all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour." Pharaoh's taskmasters gave no straw, yet ordered the Israelites to make bricks without straw: Exod. v 5-19. Pharoah's decree was: "Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive": Exod. i. 22. It was in consequence of this decree that Moses was hidden three months after he was born, and when he could be hidden no longer, he was put into an ark of bulrushes and cast into the Nile, where he was found by Pharoah's daughter and wife (xxviii. 9), and adopted into the family: Exod. ii. 2-10. Cf. xx. 37-40. Thus Moses was brought up by the enemies of his people. He was chosen by God to deliver his people, and God's wisdom made the learning and experience and even cruelties of the Egyptian enemies themselves to contribute to the salvation of his people#
*** I must impress upon the reader that without the Biblical narrative upon which the interpreter of the Quran bases his arguments and explanations, no one, on planet Earth, reading the Quran otherwise, could possibly understand it. In spite of this reality, the same interpreter repeatedly insults the Bible as having been deliberately corrupted by the People of the Book.
This accusation is of course without a shred of theological or intellectual foundations since the accusers can never show the alleged uncorrupted 'original Bible' upon which they base their mendacious accusations ***
50>And remember We divided the sea for you and saved you and drowned Pharaoh's people within your very sight.
51>And remember We appointed forty nights for Moses and in his absence you took the calf (for worship) and ye did grievous wrong.
52>Even then We did forgive you; there was a chance for you to be grateful.
53>And remember We gave Moses the Scripture and the criterion (between right and wrong) there was a chance for you to be guided aright.
#68 God's revelation, the expression of God's Will, is the true standard of right and wrong. It may be in a Book or in God's dealings in history. All these may be called His Signs or Miracles. In this passage some commentators take the Scripture and the Criterion (Furqan) to be identical. Others take them to be two distinct things: Scripture being the written Book and the Criterion being other Signs. I agree with the latter view. The word Furqan also occurs in xxi. 48 in connection with Moses and Aaron and in the first verse of Sura xxv, as well as in its title, in connection with Muhammad. As Aaron received no Book, Furqan must mean the other Signs. Mustafa had both the Book and the other Signs: perhaps here too we take the other Signs as supplementing the Book#
*** The interpreter does not even know what the translation of the word (Furqan=Criterion) means. Contrary to his own interpretation, Moses was given two things on Mt Sinai:
The Tablets (Written) as well as the Oral Torah.
Since the latter explains and details the Ten Commandments, then they must be the (Criterion) that the Quran mentions***
54>And remember Moses said to his people: "O my people! Ye have indeed wronged yourselves by your worship of the calf so turn (in repentance) to your Maker and slay yourselves (the wrong-doers); that will be better for you in the sight of your Maker." Then He turned toward you (in forgiveness); for He is Oft-returning Most Merciful.
# 69 Moses's speech may be construed literally, as translated, in which case it reproduces Exod. xxxii 27-28 but in a much softened form, for the Old Testament says: "Go in and out from gate to gate throughout the camp, and slay every man his brother and every man his companion, and every man his neighbor... and there fell of the people that day 3,000 men." A more spiritualized version would be that the order for slaying was given by way of trial, but was withdrawn, for God turned to them in forgiveness. A still more spiritualized way of construing it would be to take "anfusakum" as meaning "souls" not "selves". Then the sense of Moses's speech (abbreviated) would be: "By the worship of the calf you have wronged your own souls; repent: mortify (=slay) your souls now: it will be better in the sight of God."#
*** The Quran paraphrases the events of the Torah to suit the Arabian mentality and character. The same interpreter - who will repeatedly condemn the Jews and Christians for having 'corrupted' their Books - does not hesitate to play foot loose with the actual words of the Bible whenever he sees them fit to suit his agenda***
55>And remember ye said: "O Moses! we shall never believe in thee until we see Allah manifestly" but ye were dazed with thunder and lightning even as ye looked on.
# 70 We have hitherto had instances from the Jewish traditional Taurat (or Pentateuch). Now we have some instances from Jewish traditions in the Talmud, or body of exposition in the Jewish theological schools. They are based on the Jewish scriptures, but add many marvellous details and homilies. As to seeing God, we have in Exod. xxxiii 20: "And He said, Thou canst not see My face: for there shall no man see Me and live." The punishment for insisting on seeing God was therefore death; but those who rejected faith were forgiven, and yet they were ungrateful.#
*** According to this verse of the Quran, the Israelites knew that Allah was their god even before the arrival of Muhammad.
Since according to theQuran, Allah was already the god of Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Moses and the Israelites,what new and revealing thing was he, Muhammad offering them, that they did not already have, and more***
56Then We raised you up after your death; ye had the chance to be grateful.
*** This verse - among hundreds of other ambiguous ones - has absolutely no meaning or relevance in the context of the story since there was no resurrection mentioned in the whole of the Torah. This is why also there is no comment made by the interpreter.
This story on the otherhand, can be found in the Talmud. Since Muhammad and his Quran asserted that the resurrection will occur after the Day of Judgement, then how did it occur before?
This is, yet one more Quranic contradiction among hundreds of others to follow ***
57>And We gave You the shade of clouds and sent down to you manna and quails saying: "Eat of the good things We have provided for you"; (but they rebelled); to Us they did no harm but they harmed their own souls.
# 71 Manna=Hebrew, Manhu: Arabic Mahuwa? - What is it? In Exod. xvi. 14 it is described as "a small round thing as small as the hoar frost on the ground." It usually rotted if left over till next day; it melted in the hot sun; the amount necessary for each man was about an Omer, a Hebrew measure of capacity equal to about 2 quarts. This is the Hebrew account, probably distorted by traditional exaggeration.The actual Manna found to this day in the Sinai region is a gummy saccharine secretion found on a species of Tamarisk. It is produced by the puncture of a species of insect like the cochineal, just as lac is produced by the puncture of the lac insect on certain trees in India. As to quails, large flights of them are driven by winds in the Eastern Mediterranean in certain seasons of the year, as was witnessed during the Great War of 1914-1918 by many Indian officers who campaigned between Egypt and Palestine#
*** The Quran admits that the Torah is Allah's revelation to the Israelites and the Torah explains very clearly that Manna descended from heaven and did not grow on trees.
The method of collecting it as described in the Torahdoes not fit in with the interpreter's false and totally absurd assertions that contradict the words of God.
Exodus 16: 15 " And when the people of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna; for they knew not what it was.And Moses said to them, This is the bread which the Lord has given you to eat ***
58>And remember We said: "Enter this town and eat of the plenty therein as ye wish; 1`but enter the gate with humility in posture and in words and We shall forgive you your faults and increase (the portion of) those who do good."
59>But the transgressors changed the word from that which had been given them; so We sent on the transgressors a plague from heaven for that they infringed (our command) repeatedly.
60>And remember Moses prayed for water for his people; We said: "Strike the rock with thy staff." Then gushed forth there from twelve springs. Each group knew its own place for water. So eat and drink of the sustenance provided by Allah and do no evil nor mischief on the (face of the) earth
# 73 Here we have a reference to the tribal organization of the Jews, which played a great part in their forty years' march through the Arabian deserts (Num. i. and ii.) and their subsequent settlement in the land of Canaan (Josh. xxii. and xiv.). The twelve tribes were derived from the sons of Jacob, whose name was changed to Israel (soldier of God) after he had wrestled, says Jewish tradition, with God (Genesis xxxii. 28). Israel had twelve sons (Gen. xxxv. 22-26), including Levi and Joseph. The descendants of these twelve sons were the "Children of Israel." Levi's family got the priesthood and the care of the Tabernacle; they were exempted from military duties for which the census was taken (Nu. i. 47-53), and therefore from the distribution of Land in Canaan (Josh. xiv. 3); they were distributed among all the Tribes, and were really a privileged caste and not numbered among the Tribes; Moses and Aaron belonged to the house of Levi.On the other hand Joseph, on account of the high position to which he rose in Egypt as the Pharoah's minister, was the progenitor of two tribes, one in the name of each of his two sons Ephraim and Manasseh. Thus there were twelve Tribes in all, as Levi was cut out and Joseph represented two tribes. Their having fixed stations and watering places in camp and fixed territorial areas later in the Promised Land prevented confusion and mutual jealousies and is pointed to as an evidence of the Providence of God acting through His prophet Moses#
*** The above verse confuses two independent events in the Bible and combines them into one.The Quran is full of these anomalies and misrepresentations of the actual texts of the Bible.
Exodus 15: 27. "And they came to Elim, where were twelve wells of water, and seventy palm trees; and they encamped there by the waters" and
Exodus 17: 6 "Behold, I will stand before you there upon the rock in Horeb; and you shall strike the rock, and water shall come out of it,that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel"
Very conveniently and for obvious reasons, the interpreter refrained from quoting from the Biblical text lest the 'rabbit comes out of the bag'***
61>And remember ye said: "O Moses! we cannot endure one kind of food (always); so beseech thy Lord for us to produce for us of what the earth groweth its pot-herbs and cucumbers its garlic lentils and onions." He said: "will ye exchange the better for the worse? Go ye down to any town [Ihbitou Misra] and ye shall find what ye want!" They were covered with humiliation and misery; they drew on themselves the wrath of Allah. This because they went on rejecting the signs of Allah and slaying His messengers without just cause. This because They rebelled and went on transgressing
# 74 The declension of the word Misr in the Arabic text here shows that it is treated as a common noun meaning any town, but this is not conclusive, and the reference may be to the Egypt of Pharoah. The Tanwin expressing indefiniteness may mean "any Egypt", i.e., any country as fertile as Egypt. There is here a subtle reminiscence as well as a severe reproach. The rebellious children of Israel murmured at the sameness of the food they got in the desert. They were evidently hankering after the delicacies of the Egypt which they had left, although they should have known that the only thing certain for them in Egypt was their bondage and harsh treatment. Moses's reproach to them was twofold: (1) Such variety of foods better than delicate food? (2) In front is the rich Promised Land, which you are reluctant to march to; behind is Egypt, the land of bondage. Which is better? Would you exchange the better for the worse? 75 From here the argument becomes more general. They got the Promished Land. But they continued to rebel against God. And their humiliation and misery became a national disaster. They were carried in captivity to Assyria. They were restored under the Persians, but still remained under the Persian yoke, and they were under the yoke of the Greeks, the Romans, and Araba. They were scattered all over the earth, and have been a wandering people ever since, because they rejected faith, slew God's messengers and went on transgressing.#
***The interpreter is again wrong - either deliberately falsifying or stupidly misinterpreting - in asserting that the word 'Misr'in the Arabic version of the verse above, denotes 'any town' since in the Hebrew original of the Bible it is called 'Mitsraim' meaning Egypt. It means Egypt only. The verse was actually telling the Israelites that if they wanted to eat food other than Manna only, they have to go back to Egypt and return to slavery. Even today, Egypt is called MISR in Arabic.
Further more, which messengers is the Quran alluding to?
Who were those who are guilty of such slayings? All the Jews?
Why should Muhammad - or any one else outside of the Jews - care for cases of Jewskilling other Jews?
How is it moral, just or reasonable to condemn the millions of the innocent majority of Jews for the actions of the guilty few, even if the allegations are true?
No Compassionate God could ever be so unjust and merciless as to condemn the innocent with the guilty.
Where in the above insolent and defaming accusations comes Allah's justice, compassion and forgiveness?
Are all Muhammadans guilty for the crimes committed in their name by their rulers past and present?
Did not the followers of Muhammad the so called MUSLIMS slaughter each other just after his death and have not stopped even unto today?
Were not the followers of Muhammad guilty of raining destruction and death upon their allgedly holy cities of Madina and Mecca?
If this is the 'logic' being used by both the Quran and its interpreters, then there is not a single innocent human being on the face of the earth, especially among the followers of Muhammad, nor were there any in the past, the present or will be any in the future ***
62> Those who believe (in the Qur'an) and those who follow the Jewish (Scriptures) [Hadoo] and the Christians and the Sabians and who believe in Allah and the last day and work righteousness shall have their reward with their Lord; on them shall be no fear nor shall they grieve.
# 77 The point of the verse is that Islam does not teach an exclusive doctrine, and is not meant exclusively for one people. The Jews claimed this for themselves, and the Christians in their own origin were a sect of the Jews. Even the modern organized Christian churches, though they have been, consciously or unconsciously, influenced by the Time-spirit, including the historical fact of Islam, yet cling to the idea of Vicarious Atonement, which means that all who do not believe in it or who lived previously to the death of Christ are at a disadvantage spiritually before the Throne of God. The attitude of Islam is entirely different. Islam existed before the preaching of Muhammad on this earth: the Qur-an expressly calls Abraham a Muslim (iii. 67). Its teaching (submission to God's will) has been and will be the teaching of Religion for all time and for all peoples#
*** This verse is repeated in 5:69. The above interpretation of the meaning of Islam is the most accurate and correct since the term only means SUBMISSION (to the will of one God).
The corollary of this is that all Hebrews who are descended from Abraham -Israelites or Jews- are Muslimoon. The interpreter's pretentiousness in claiming that only the Quran is universal is obviously belied by the fact that Christianity had preceded it by at least 600 years.
It is important to note that at the very beginning of Muhammad's ministry, when he was weak and relatively humble, he included the (Trinitarian) Christians among the Monotheists.
Also important to point out is that Muhammad considered even the (Pagan) Sabians as monotheists too, contrary to the fact that they were believers in stellar divinities; he even copied the number of prayers, five, that they conducted as well as their own times for prayer; they also fasted in Ramadan and venerated the Ka'ba
( Ibn Hazm's 'Fisal waal-Milal wa al Nihal).
Later on he held the Christians who believe that Jesus is the son of god as idolators and 'Mushrikoon' that is believing in more than one God.
As usual, there is a very important mistranslation in the above concerning the word Hadoo, which it is alleged to mean Jews or Jewish where in fact it means 'those who converted to the beliefs of the Jews among the Arabs';or believers in the faith of the Jews ***
63> And remember We took your covenant and We raised above you (the towering height) of Mount (Sinai) (saying): "Hold firmly to what We have given you and bring (ever) to remembrance what is there in perchance ye may fear Allah.
# 78 The Mountain of Sinai (Tur-u-Sinin) a prominent mountain in the Arabian desert, in the peninsula between the two arms of the Red Sea. Here the Ten Commandments and the Law were given to Moses. Hence it is now called the Mountain of Moses (Jabal Musa). The Israelites encamped at the foot of it for nearly a year. The Covenant was taken from them under many portents (Exod. xix. 5,8,16,18), which are described in Jewish tradition in great detail. Under thunder and lightening the mountain must indeed have appeared an awe-inspiring sight above to the Camp at its foot. And the people solemnly entered into the Covenant: all the people answered together and said, "All that the Lord hath spoken we will do."#
*** The Sinai is not part of the Arabian desert especially since it is completely separated from the Arabian Peninsula by the Great Rift Valley (Dead Sea depression and Jordan river). Anyone with minimum knowledge of geography can see that the Sinai is more adjacent to Egypt than to Arabia. There is no historical record of any actual 'Arab' tribes living in there. The above claim is as false as hundreds of others to follow.
The interpreters of the Quran do their best to make it sound as if everything that was written in the Bible had some prior connection with the Arabians whether physically, culturally or theologically. The interpreter mistranslated the actual Arabic verse by adding (Sinai) to it while it does not - in the Arabic version of the verse above - contain any reference to Sinai at all.
Only in two verses in the Quran(23:20 & 95:2) was such an association made (Tur Sinai/ Mount Sinai) ***
64>But ye turned back thereafter had it not been for the Grace and Mercy of Allah to you ye had surely been among the lost.
65> And well ye knew those amongst you who transgressed in the matter of the Sabbath; We said to them: "Be ye apes despised and rejected."
# 79 The punishment for breach of the Sabbath under the Mosaic law was death. "Every one that defieth it (the Sabbath) shall surely be put to death; for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul shall be cut off from among his people." (Exod. xxxi. 14). There must have been a Jewish tradition about a whole fishing community in a seaside town, which persisted in breaking the Sabbath and were turned into apes; cf. vii. 163-166. Or should we translate in both these passages. "Be as apes", instead of "Be apes"? This is the suggestion of Maulvi Muhammad Ali on this passage, on the authority of Mujabid and Ibn Jarir Tabari. The punishment would be, not for the breach of the Sabbath in itself, but for their contumacious defiance of the Law#
*** All the 'Muhammadan' interpreters cannot possibly find any such references to the above story in any Jewish tradition; nonetheless, they give their own unfounded interpretations to yet one more ambiguous Quranic verse to explain it away.
Although this verse is very specific in that it concerns an alleged singular event in the history of the Jews, it is none the less used by Muhammadan scholars to assert in their hate filled propaganda that ALLJews are descended from Apes (and Swine) dispite the fact that the verse above only mentions that Allah'said' to those 'who broke the Sabbath rule' and not implied that they are descended from apes.
More over, since the Arabs themselves, are allegedly descended from Ishmail and the Jews from Isaac, then the Arabs too, by implication, are descended from apes (and swine).
It is important to point out that Muhammad did not understand the concept, meaning and implications of the Shabbath.He was ignorant of the actual meaning of the word Shabbath/ Cessation of Creation and confused it with the word Rest meaning Tiredness.
In his ignorance he alleged that the 'Jews' were very stupid to think that God got 'physically tired' and hence he did not accept the concept of a 'day of rest' for his followers. It was the Almighty who made the Shabbath a mandatory day of relaxation - and cessation of all work to earn a living - even upon pain of death for those who break the rule.
This was and still is a UNIVERSAL DAY of REST for All Jews, all their Servants, all their Animals, all their Land as well as all those strangers who live amongst them.
This was a concept that was far beyond the intellect or comprehension, mercy, compassion or morality of Muhammad or his followers, then as well as now.
It is the ignorance of the Muhammnadans and their perversion of the facts and truth which need to be addressed and confronted at every turn and twist ***
66>So We made it an example to their own time and to their posterity and a lesson to those who fear Allah.
67>And remember Moses said to his people: "Allah commands that ye sacrifice a heifer." They said: "Makest thou a laughing-stock of us?" He said: "Allah save me from being an ignorant (fool)!"
# 80 This story or parable of the heifer in ii. 67-71 should be read with the parable of the dead man brought to life in ii. 72-73. The stories were accepted in Jewish traditions, which are themselves based on certain sacrificial directions in the Old Testament. The heifer story of Jewish tradition is based on Num. xix. 1-10, in which Moses and Aaron ordered the Israelites to sacrifice a red heifer without spot or blemish; her body was to be burnt and the ashes were to be kept for the purification of the congregation from sin.The parable of the dead man we shall refer to later. The lesson of the heifer parable is plain. Moses announced the sacrifice the Israelites, and they treated it as a jest. When Moses continued solemnly to ask for the sacrifice, they put him off on one pretext and another, asking a number of questions which they could have answered themeselves if they had listened to Moses's directions. Their questions were carping criticisms rather than the result of a desire for information. It was a mere thin pretence that they were genuinely seeking for guidance. When at last they were driven into a corner, they made the sacrifice, but the will was wanting, which would have made the sacrifice efficacious for purification from sin. The real reason for their prevarications was their guilty conscience, as we see in the parable of the dead man (ii. 72-73)#
*** 67-73, these stories - as depicted - are not found in the Bible in the manner versed in the Quran; these are yet more improvised and imaginary conclusions since the interpreter cannot understand why these verses are written the way they are.
Without the interpreter's imaginative explanations, these verses make no sense at all. The Quran has mixed up - a recurrent problem in it - many completely different incidents in the Bible, in this case Numbers 19: 1-10 and Deuteronomy 21:1-9, and put its own twist to them.
These twists and perversions of the Biblical record are used deliberately to make the Jews look bad, obstinate, disobedient to Moses and to Allah.
These contortions are used by Muhammad in his Quran to create hatred of the Jews as can be read in the following:
Numbers 19:1 " Hashem [God] spoke to Moses and to Aaron, saying : 2 this is the decree of the Torah, which Hashem has commanded, saying: Speak to the Children of Israel, and they shall take to you a completely red cow, which is without blemish, upon which a yoke has not come 3 You shall give it to Elazar the Kohen……."
Most important of all is that this verse asserts that Moses and the Israelites knew Allah, at least 2000 years before he was revealed to Muhammad and his pagan Arabs ***
68>They said: "Beseech on our behalf thy Lord to make plain to us what (heifer) it is! He said: "He says: The heifer should be neither too old nor too young but of middling age; now do what ye are commanded!.
69>They said: "Beseech on our behalf thy Lord to make plain to us her color." He said: " He says a fawn-colored heifer pure and rich in tone the admiration of beholders!"
70>They said "Beseech on our behalf thy Lord to make plain to us what she is to us are all heifers alike; we wish indeed for guidance if Allah wills."
71>He said: "He says a heifer not trained to till the soil or water the fields; sound and without blemish." They said: "Now hast thou brought the truth." Then they offered her in sacrifice but not with good-will.
72>Remember [Itha = If] ye slew a man and fell into a dispute among yourselves as to the crime but Allah was to bring forth what ye did hide.
# 81 In Deut. xxi. 1-9 it is ordained that if the body of a slain man be found in a field and the slayer is not known, a heifer shall be beheaded, and the elders of the city next to the slain man's domicile shall wash their hands over the heifer and say that they neither did the deed nor saw it done, thus clearing themselves from the blood-guilt. The Jewish story based on this was that in a certain case of this kind, every one tried to clear himself of guilt and lay the blame at the door of others. In the first place they tried to prevaricate and prevent a heifer being slain as in the last parable. When she was slain, Allah by a miracle disclosed the really guilty person. A portion of the sacrificed heifer was ordered to be placed on the corpse, which came to life and disclosed the whole story of the crime. The lesson of this parable is that men may try to hide their crimes individually or collectively, but Allah will bring them to light in unexpected ways. Applying this further to Jewish national history, the argument is developed in the following verses that the Children of Israel played fast and loose with their own rites and traditions, but they ould not thus evade the consequences of their own sin#
*** First of all, the translation is blatantly wrong since the word ITHA means IF and NOTRemember. As usual, the interpreter's imagination soars into mythology and creates a story that is plausible but is definitely not in the Bible that he is allegedly quoting from; certainly not in the manner that he portrays it since there was no prevarication nor was there any blame laying.
The interpreter cannot obviously admit that the Quranic verses above are not factual with respect to the Biblical record. He blatantly dismisses the Biblical version of events that he quotes and adding insult to injury, the interpreter alleges - in pure desperation - that the Bible had been perverted.
Since the Bible is the Word of God BEFORE the Quran ever existed, then why and how was it perverted?
Who did this editing and where is the 'original' Bible upon which the Muhammadans base their 'authority'?'
The MANTRA that the 'Torah and New Testament of today are the altered versions of the originals' is used up to the present time by Muhammadan theologians to explain away the massive and incredible number of meaningless verses in their Quran.
The verses above are blatant misquotations and misrepresentation of the Biblical story as shown in -
Deut 21: 1 " If a corpse will be found on the land that Hashem, your God gives you to possess it, fallen in the field, it was not known who smote him2 your elders and judges should go out and measure toward the cities that are around the corpse 3 It shall be that the city nearest the corpse, the elders of that city shall take a heifer, with which no work has been done, which has not pulled with a yoke 4 The elders of that city shall bring the the heifer down to a harsh valley, which cannot be worked and cannot be sown, and they shall axe the back of its neck in the valley 5 The Kohanim, the offspring of Levi, shall approach, for them has Hashem , your God, chosen to minister to Him and to bless with the name of Hashem, and according to their word shall be every grievance and every plague 6 All the elders of that city, who are closest to the corpse, shall wash their hands over the heifer that was axed in the valley 7 They shall speak up and say " Our hands have not spilled this blood, and our eyes did not see 8 Atone for Your people Israel that you have redeemed, O Hashem : Do not place innocent blood in the midst of Your people Israel!" Then the blood shall be atoned for them 9 But you shall remove the innocent blood from your midst when you do what is upright in the eyes of Hashem"
When the full Biblical text is put in perspective as shown above, it becomes crystal clear that both the Quranic version of events and those of the interpreter's are totally false and unrelated to the records in the Bible.
Neither the Quran nor its interpreters have VERACITY on their side;theirs is only MENDACITY and perversion of facts and truths which has sustained the existence of the Quran for 1400 years, due ONLY for the use of force and terror ***
73>So We said: "Strike the (body) with a piece of the (heifer)." Thus Allah bringeth the dead to life and showeth you His Signs perchance ye may understand.
*** Verse 73 has no equivalent event in the Biblical narrative. The Quran uses its verses to tell a 'story' which when read in the manner written would make absolutely no sense without actually referring back to the original as this interpreter is forced to do in his unenviable position to explain away another wrongly plagiarized and worded set of verses in the Quran ***
74Thenceforth were your hearts hardened; they became like a rock and even worse in hardness. For among rocks there are some from which rivers gush forth; others there are which when split asunder send forth water; and others which sink for fear of Allah. And Allah is not unmindful of what ye do.
*** Rocks that gush out water are allusions to those that Moses tapped with his rod and from which water gushed out to quench the thirst of the Israelites in the desert of Sinai, as shown earlier***
75 Can ye (O ye men of Faith) entertain the hope that they will believe in you? Seeing that a party of them heard the word of Allah and perverted it knowingly after they understood it.
76Behold! when they meet the men of Faith they say: "We believe" but when they meet each other in private they say: "Shall you tell them what Allah hath revealed to you that they may engage you in argument about it before your Lord?" Do ye not understand (their aim)?
# 83 The immediate argument applies to the Jews of Medina, but the more general argument applies to the people of Faith and the people without Faith, as we shall see below. If the Muslims of Medina ever entertained the hope that the Jews in their city would as a body welcome Muhammad Mustafa as the Prophet prophesied in their own books, they were mistaken. In Deut. xviii. 18, they read: "I will raise them up a Prophet from among their brethren, like unto thee." (i.e., like unto Moses) which was interpreted by some of their doctors as referring to Muhammad, and they came into Islam.The Arabs are a kindred branch of the Semitic family, and are correctly described in relation to the Jews as "their brethren"; and there is no question that there was not another Prophet "like unto Moses" until Muhammad came; in fact the postcript of Deuteronomy, which was written many centuries after Moses, says: "There arose not a prophet since in Israel like unto Moses, whom the Lord knew face to face." But the Jews as a body were jealous of Muhammad, and played a double part.When the Muslim community began to grow stronger they pretended to be of them, but really tried to keep back any knowledge of theirown Scriptures from them, lest they should be beaten by their own arguments. The more general interpretation holds good in all ages. Faith and Unfaith are pitted against each other. Faith has to struggle against power, position, organization, and privilege. When it gains ground, Unfaith comes forward insincerely and claims fellowship. But in its own mind it is jealous of the armoury of sience and knowledge which Faith brings into the service of Allah. But Allah knows all, and if the people of Faith will only seek knowledge sincerely wherefver they can find it,-even as far afield as China, as Muhammad said, they can defeat Unfaith on its own ground. [Even though the directive that Muslims should derive knowledge regardless of its location is an acceptable proposition from the Islamic viewpoint, the tradition to which the author refers here is not authentic]#
*** First and foremost, Muhammad was NEVER predicted in the Torah as the interpreter falsely claims even based on the verse that he copied from the Torah -
Deut. 18 18"I will raise them up aProphet from among their brethren, like unto thee."
That is like unto Moses who happens to be a descendant of ISAAC and not ISHMAEL- even if based on the remote assumption that the Arabs are from the latter's seed.
On this fact alone, Muhammad could never have been the predicted prophet.
Once more, both the Quran and its interpreter fail miserably in proving even a simple declaration of their as true.
Moreover, Moses was followed by dozens of other Hebrew prophets long before Muhammad's birth.
The mendacity of this interpreter can be easily revealed by the fact that, many of the most important'Jewish' tribes in Arabia were actually Arab converts to the faith of the Jews. This can only have happened if the faith was revealed to them and not hidden.
It was the Jews who were ultimately betrayed and slaughtered by Muhammad and it was he who was jealous of them and their revealed religion and not the other way round especially since they already had the original and directly revealed Book, there was absolutely no logical reason for them to be envious of a modified and highly abridged and falsified copy.
Those who hold an ORIGINAL MASTERPIECE cannot possibly envy those who only have a mere DEFECTIVE REPRODUCTION ***
77>Know they not that Allah knoweth what they conceal and what they reveal?
78And there are among them illiterates [Ummyioun/unlearned] who know not the Book [la ya'lamoona'l kitab] but (see therein their own) desires and they do nothing but conjecture
#84 The argument of i. 76 is continued. The Jews wanted to keep back knowledge, but what knowledge had they? Many of them, even if they could read, were no better than illiterates, for they knew not their own true Scriptures, but read into them what they wanted, or at best their own conjectures. They palmed off their own writings for the Message of God. Perhaps it brought them profit for the time being; but it was a miserable profit if they "gained the whole world and lost their own souls" (Matt. xvi. 26). "Writing with their own hands" means inventing books themselves, which had no divine authority. The general argument is similar. Unfaith erects its own false gods. It attributes things to causes which only exist in its own imagination. Sometimes it even indulges in actual dishonest traffic in the ignorance of the multitude. It may pay for a time, but the bubble always bursts#
*** Although the verse deliberately uses the word 'illiterates' to translate the Arabic'Ummiyoun' above, nonetheless, in his own interpretation of the verse, he explains that this Arabic word does not actually mean illiterate (one who cannot read and write), but is invariably used in contradistinction to the People of the Book (who possess a Book of Revelation, a Scripture) thus meaning UNLEARNED.
Ummi is always associated with those who have no Scriptures, people who are ignorant of the One and Only God and His Revelations. This verse makes it very clear that even those who are from the People of the Book but do not follow the rules, or those who allegedly 'perverted/changed' the contents of the Book are also called Ummioun, thus meaning IGNORANT but definitely not ILLITERATE.
The best translation of the word Ummi would be the Hebrew word GOY(nations other than the People Israel).The same Book and its People that this interpreter has the audacity to condemn, he himself uses in chapter and verse, to explain the otherwise totally unintelligible verses of Muhammad's Quran.
Continuing his deliberate falsification of the historical record, the interpreter is loath to make it clear that if the Jews really wanted to keep back knowledge from all other peoples, then how was it possible that there were tens of Arab tribes who had already converted to the religion of the Jews, centuries before Muhammad?
How was it also possible to have a Jewish kingdom -the Himyarites- in the heart of the Arabian Peninsula in the area of Yaman?
The Arab historical record itself shows up the mendacity of the interpreter and translator of the Quran***
79Then woe to those who write the Book with their own hands and then say: "This is from Allah" to traffic with it for a miserable price! Woe to them for what their hands do write and for the gain they make thereby.
*** This is a very interesting and apt remark written by a people who have themselves done exactly what they are accusing others of having done.
This is in general what every criminal does to justify his/her criminality:
accuse the victim of being the one lacking in justice and/or morality; in psychological terms, this is called Projective Identification used for Psychopaths and Narcissists***
80And they say: "The fire shall not touch us but for a few numbered days"; Say: "Have ye taken a promise from Allah for He never breaks His promise? Or is it that ye say of Allah what ye do not know?"
81>Nay those who seek gain in Evil and are girt round by their sins they are Companions of the Fire therein shall they abide (for ever).
82>But those who have faith and work righteousness they are Companions of the Garden therein shall they abide (for ever).
*** TheQuran,without its foundation in the Bible and Hebrew Scritures, is like a fish out of water.
Pagan Arabiahad no knowledge, concept or understanding of the 'Garden' (of Eden). Without the Biblical background upon which it bases its credentials, the Quran is bereft of any meaningful content, yet, it has the audacity to attack the People of the Book relentlessly, shamelessly, with venom and calumny in a manner that can only be attributed to its total lack of originality and its continuous attempt to distance itself from the very sources upon which it claims its credentials ***
83>And remember We took a covenant from the children of Israel (to this effect): worship none but Allah; treat with kindness your parents and kindred and orphans and those in need; speak fair to the people; be steadfast in prayer; and practice regular charity. Then did ye turn back except a few among you and ye backslide (even now).
#87 So far from the Covenant being of the kind you suggest in ii. 80, the real Covenant is about the moral law, which is set out in ii. 83. This moral law is universal and if you break it, no privileges will lighten your punishment or help you in any way (ii. 86). "Speak fair to the people" not only means outward courtesy from the leaders to the meanest among the people, but the protection of the people from being exploited, deceived, defrauded, or doped with things to lull their intelligence#
*** Anyone who has read the Bible would know that any and all the truly moral and judicial precepts that are in the Quran - all be it modified - are totally plagiarized from the Bible and HebrewScriptures.
There is absolutely nothing revolutionary or extraordinary in the Quran that in any way shape or form supercedes those of the Bible.
The only concepts in the Quranthat exceed anything in the Bible are its WARMONGERING, HATEMONGERING & INCITING verses that fill its pages.
When the Quran addresses the People of the Book, it is wasting its breath since it is only preaching to the already converted; they were and are already Muslimoon.
They are after all, the ones who upheld their belief in theOne and Only God of Israelfor2100 yearsduring which centuries,the followers of Muhammad were praying in the PAGAN Ka'ba surrounded by 360 idols, one of which was called Allah***
84>And remember We took your Covenant (to this effect): shed no blood amongst you nor turn out your own people from your homes; and this ye solemnly ratified and to this ye can bear witness.
# 88 Verse 83 referred to the universal moral law. This verse 84 refers to its application under a special Covenant entered into with the Jews of Medina by the new-born Muslim Commonwealth under its Guide and teacher Muhammad. This Covenant is given in Ibn Hisham's Sirat-ur-Rasul, and comments on it will be found in Ameer Ali's Spirit of Islam (London 1922), pp. 57-61. It was entered into in the second year of the Hijra, and was treacherously broken by the Jews almost immediately afterwards#
*** As usual, the interpreter of the Quran puts his own spin to the meaning of the verse above for the sole purpose of insulting and denigrating the Jews. Since Muhammad and his followers were a very small minority - who were seeking refuge and protection - in the Jewish dominated Madina, it beggars belief that the majority needed to go into a pact with such a small group.
It is a fact that actions speak louder than words - and since the Quranic verses and the history of Muhammadan Islam were written by the victors - the subsequent history of Muhammad and his followers shows that it was they who invariably and unilaterally broke every treaty and promise that they ever made with their adversaries, whether they were Jews, Christians, Pagans or otherArabs. ***
85>After this it is ye the same people who slay among yourselves and banish a party of you from their homes; assist (their enemies) against them in guilt and rancor; and if they come to you as captives ye ransom them though it was not lawful for you to banish them. Then is it only a part of the Book that ye believe in and do ye reject the rest? But what is the reward for those among you who behave like this but disgrace in this life? and on the Day of Judgment they shall be consigned to the most grievous penalty. For Allah is not unmindful of what ye do.
# 89 I understand "ransom them" here to mean "take ransom for them" though most of the Commentators take it to mean "give ransom for them". Mustafa had made a Pact which, if it had been faithfully observed by all parties, would have brought a reign of law and order for Medina. But some of the treacherous Jews never intended to observe its terms. They fought and slew each other and not only banished those who were obnoxious to them but intrigued with their enemies. If by chance they came back into their hands as captives, they demanded ransom for them to return to their homes although they had no right to banish them at all. If we understand by "ransom them" pay "ransom for them to release them from the hands of their enemies," it would mean that they did this pious act for show, although they were themselves the authors of their unlawful banishment. I think the former makes better sense#
*** For centuries before Muhammad, the Jews and other Arab tribes coexisted with each other as well as with the usual inter tribal problems without having had the need for a third party to act as a law enforcer.
Hundreds of years of Jewish presence in Madina (its Hebrew name) were obliterated within SIX years by the new warlord Muhammad and his followers whom they falsely accused of breaking their covenant with him; the same Muhammad who - according to their own historical record - broke all the holy rules of Arabia whether pagan or not.
The historical record as written in the Ahadith proves beyond a shadow of a doubt, that Pre 'Islamic' Arabswere infinitely more decent and 'law abiding' than Muhammad and his followers ever were ***
86>These are the people who buy the life of this world at the price of the Hereafter; their penalty shall not be lightened nor shall they be helped.
*** Muhammad was obsessed with the Afterlife. He exhorts his followers to live a simple frugal and joyless life, full of prayers and of continuous aggression against all 'UNBELIEVING' humanityto disseminate the 'faith of Islam' with enormous and eternal rewards obtained after death***
87>We gave Moses the Book and followed him up with a succession of Apostles; We gave Jesus the son of Mary clear (Signs) and strengthened him with holy spirit. Is it that whenever there comes to you an Apostle with what ye yourselves desire not ye are puffed up with pride? Some ye called impostors and others ye slay!
#89. I understand "ransom them" here to mean "take ransom for them" though most of the Commentators take it to mean "give ransom for them". Mustafa had made a Pact which, if it had been faithfully observed by all parties, would have brought a reign of law and order for Medina. But some of the treacherous Jews never intended to observe its terms. They fought and slew each other and not only banished those who were obnoxious to them but intrigued with their enemies. If by chance they came back into their hands as captives, they demanded ransom for them to return to their homes although they had no right to banish them at all. If we understand by "ransom them" pay "ransom for them to release them from the hands of their enemies," it would mean that they did this pious act for show, although they were themselves the authors of their unlawful banishment. I think the former makes better sense.91 Notice the sudden transition from the past tense in "some ye called imposters" to the present tense in "others ye slay." There is a double significance. First, reviewing the long course of Jewish history, we have come to the time of Jesus; they have often given the lie to God's Apostles, and even now they are trying to slay Jesus. Secondly, extending the review of that history to the time of Muhammad, they are even now trying to take the life of that holy Apostle. This would be literally true at the time the words were promulgated to the people.And this transition leads on naturally to the next verse, which refers to the actual conditions before Muhammad in Medina in the second year of the Hijra. Sections 11/13 (ii. 87-121) refer to the People of the Book generally, Jews and Christians. Even where Moses and the Law of Sinai are referred to, those traditions are common to both Jews and Christians. The argument is about the people who ought to have learnt from previous Revelations and welcomed Muhammad's teaching, and yet they both took up an attitude of arrogant rejection#
*** Neither the Jews nor the Christians who had existed for centuries in Arabia before Muhammad, needed to convert to his cult.Both the Jewish and Christian tribes in Arabia, were converted indigenous Arab tribes and hence were aboriginal Arabians like Muhammad and his followers.
They already had their Scriptures upon which the new 'faith' was basing its own credentials.
Why would anyone change one's ORIGINAL FAITH to a new one, which is only a derivative and a minor reflection of their own? Their attitude is not unlike that of a modern 'muslim' whose arrogance in his belief is not different from others.
Moreover, the Jews and Judaized Arabs of Madina had existed for centuries in relative harmony with their paganArab neighbours and had not needed anyone to impose any 'Law and Order' upon them.
The historical facts are that they lost their lives, their land and their wealth at the hands of Muhammad and his followers whom they had taken in for protection to start with.
The Quran also repeatedly accuses ALL the Jews for the killing of some of the Hebrew prophets lumping both the innocent vast majority with the infinitesimal guilty minority.
Why should the Quran - or any one else for that matter - care for what some Jews were doing to other Jews?What business is it of theirs?
Muhammadan theologians continue these accusations conveniently forgetting that their own important leaders were also murdered by their followers such as Umar ibn al Khattab, Ali bin abi Talib and his grandsons Hassan and Hussein just to name a few.
Are AllArabs and Muhammadans hence guilty of these crimes?
For all time? Just as the maligned Jews and Christians are in the 'eyes' of the Quran? ***
88They say "Our hearts are the wrappings (which preserve Allah's word we need no more)." Nay Allah's curse is on them for their blasphemy; little is it they believe.
2:89> And when there comes to them a Book from Allah confirming what is with them although from of old they had prayed for victory against those without faith when there comes to them that which they (should) have recognized they refused to believe in it; but the curse of Allah is on those without Faith.
#The Jews, who pretended to be so superior to the people without Faith - the Gentiles - should have been the first to recognize the new Truth - or the Truth renewed - which it was Muhammad's mission to bring because it was so similar in form and language to what they had already received. But they had more arrogance than faith. It is this want of faith that brings on the curse, i.e., deprives us (if we adopt such an attitude) of the blessings of God. Again the lesson applies to a much wider circle than the Jews. We are all apt, in our perverseness, to reject an appeal form our brother even more summarily than one from an outsider. If we have a glimmering of the truth, we are apt to make ourselves impervious to further truth, and thus lose the benefit of Allah's Grace#
*** Allah did not send a Book to Muhammad since this would have entailed a written document.In fact the Quran was put pen to paper, collated and collected only AFTERMuhammad was dead.
The Quran after all asserts, that Muhammad was given an oral transmission by the angel Gabriel- this angel is a product of Jewish thought and tradition -and not directly by Allah.
According to the Bible - and as accepted in theQuran - Moses on the other hand, was given both a written and an oral tradition in a 'face to face direct communication' with God.
In any case, the Quran is not a confirmation of either the Torah or the New Testament since it is itself only a small derivation from both.
It is interesting how the interpreter is maligning the Jews by using the term 'superior to the Gentiles'. The Quran repeatedly and mercilessly denigrates its 'gentiles'- all the non 'Muslims' of the world -without any pretence or qualms; they are invariably called infidels or Kaffirs in hundreds of Quranic verses.
Moreover, since the Quran itself confirms that the Jews are Muslimoon - believers in the One and Only God and had had this revelation since the days of Abraham as in 2:62above - then there was absolutely no logical reason for them to forgoe their Book and take up an extremely blemished imitation ***
90Miserable is the price for which they have sold their souls in that they deny (the revelation) which Allah has sent down in insolent envy that Allah of His Grace should send it to any of His servants He pleases; thus have they drawn on themselves wrath upon wrath. And humiliating is the punishment of those who reject Faith.
#Racial arrogance made the Jews averse to the reception of Truth when it came through a servant of God, not of their own race. Again the lesson is wider. Is that averseness unknown in our own times, and among other races? Yet how can a race or a people set bounds to God's choice? God is the Creater and Cherisher of all races and all worlds#
*** It was not racial arrogance which prevented the Jews from accepting the 'new revelations' since the interpreter forgot his own assertion that the Arabs are cousins of the Jews and hence of the same Semitic race.
Their refusal to accept Muhammad's theology was based on the simple fact that the Quran was not offering them even a single new and important precept that would warrant them to abandon their own comprehensive and ancient religion.The Quran was only a reflection and or a small offshoot from the mighty trunk of the Torah.
No one in their right mind, anywhere in the world, would exchange an ORIGINAL for a COPY whether in religion, art, money or anything else.
The Jews were NOT against Muhammad teaching his pagan brother Arabs about monotheism. They were justified in resisting his attempts at forcefully converting them to his version perverted of Islam.
Muhammad after all, faced exactly the same opposition from his own Quraysh tribe as well as the Christians for exactly the same obvious reasons***
91> When it is said to them: "believe in what Allah hath sent down" they say "We believe in what was sent down to us"; yet they reject all besides even if it be truth confirming what is with them. Say: "Why then have ye slain the prophets of Allah in times gone by if ye did indeed believe?"
#Even the race argument is often flimsy and hollow pretext. Did not the Jews reject Prophets of their own race who told them unpleasant truths? And do not other nations do likewise? The real trouble is selfishness, narrowness, a mean dislike of anything which runs counter to habits, customs or inclinations#
*** Contrary to the perverted insinuations of this interpreter, the Jews did accept converts; they were not mean, narrow minded nor selfish. This is attested to by the historical fact that many of the 'Jewish' tribes in Arabia were native Arabs who had peaceably converted to the faith of the Jews and not immigrants; that there was the Jewish Hymiarite Kingdom in the Yaman; that tens of thousands of Greeks and Romans also, had WILLINGLY and without COERSION accepted the religion of the Jews.
Again and again, the Quran uses the hateful mantra that ALL the Jews are guilty for the death of some of THEIR own prophets not knowing that its own followers, would do the same and worse in the future.
It is an irony that the reason given by Muhammadan theologians as to why the Quran refuses to accept the death of Jesus is because they believe it inconceivable that Allah would send a prophet to his death. Yet, the verse above asserts just such events being recorded throughout the history of the Israelites. Prophets who stood against established authority and sometimes paid the ultimate price for such a challenge.
The greatest tragedy of all, is the FACT that, Muhammadan Islam was ONLY able to propagate its belief system by the use of TERROR,War, FEAR, SUBJUGATION and TAXATION. Not methods that lend themselves to PRIDE, PEACE, MERCY or COMPASSION ***
92>There came to you Moses with clear (Signs); yet ye worshipped the Calf (even) after that and ye did behave wrongfully.
*** The Israelites failed in their religious belief in an instant of weakness before the Torah was given to them but kept the faith from then on till today.
On the other hand, Muhammad and the pagans Arabs had been failing to follow the God of Abraham and Ishmael for previous 2500 years until Muhammad gave them the Quran based upon the Bible and are still failing Godsince they turned into a fraternity of intolerant and violent hatemongerers.
The Quran conveniently glosses over the FACT that Muhammad also, in a moment of weakness, succumbed to IDOLATRY by allowing his followers to believe in the daughters of Allah as intercessors in the case of the SATANIC VERSES. Using the same 'logic' of the Quran, Muhammad too should be condemned eternally ***
93>And remember We took your Covenant and We raised above you (the towering height) of Mount (Sinai) (saying): "Hold firmly to what We have given you and hearken (to the Law)"; they said: "We hear and we disobey"; and they had to drink into their hearts (of the taint) of the calf because of their faithlessness. Say: "Vile indeed are the behests of your faith if ye have any faith!"
# After they are reminded of the solemn Covenant under the towering height of Mount Sinai they are told how they broke the Covenant in after ages. Here, after they are reminded of the same solemn Covenant, they are told that even then they never meant to observe it. Their thought is expressed in biting words of sarcasm. They said in words: "All that the Lord hath spoken we will do" But they said in their hearts: "We shall disobey"99 After the Commandments and the Law had been given at Mount Sinai, and the people had solemnly given their Covenant, Moses went up to the Mount, and in his absence, the people made the golden calf. When Moses returned, his anger waxed hot. "He took the Calf which they had made, and burnt it in the fire, and ground it to powder, and strewed it upon the water, and made the children of Israel drink of it." (Exod. xxxii. 20). This incident is interpreted in the Qur-an allegorically. The Calf is the symbol of disobedience, rebellion, want of faith. It was like a taint of poison. Their punishment was to swallow the taint of poison which they had themselves produced. They swallowed it not into their stomachs, but into their hearts, their very being. They had to mortify and humble themselves in the sight of God, as was shown in another allegory based on the Jewish narrative (see ii. 54 and note, above)#
*** Although the Quranic verses above (92/3) were only repeating what the Bible mentions, yet the hate and spite of the interpreter of the Quran repeatedly attacks the Jews for their alleged infractions of Allah's commands. He very conveniently forgets that they, the Arabs, who are presumably of the seed of both Abraham and Ishmael, forgot all about Allah, the god of their forefathers and turned to paganism which lasted for almost 2500 years.
While they wallowed in ignorance, it was the vilified Jews who carried the torch of the 'One and Only God' for all these centuries, so that one day, an Arab called Muhammad would see the 'light' of revelation and awaken his pagan brethren to One and Only Allah once again***
94Say: "If the last Home with Allah be for you specially and not for anyone else then seek ye for death if ye are sincere."
95But they will never seek for death on account of the (sins) which their hands have sent on before them. And Allah is well acquainted with the wrong-doers.
#The phrase "What their hands have sent on before them" frequently occurs in the Qur-an. Here, and in many places, it refers to sins. In such passages as lxxviii. 40, or lxxxi. 14, it is implied that both good and bad deeds go before us to the judgement seat of God before we do ourselves. In ii. 110, it is the good that goes before us. Our deeds are personified. They are witnesses for or against us, and they always go before us. Their good or bad influence begins to operate before we even know it. This is more general than the New Testament idea in the First Epistle of St. Paul to Timothy, v. 24: "Some men's sins are open beforehand, going before to judgment; and some men they follow after."#
*** The interpreter now uses the New Tetament to explain the verse above without hesitation in spite of his allegations that the New Testament that we have today, had also been 'edited and perverted' by the Christians and is not a valid holy Book anymore***
96Thou wilt indeed find them of all people most greedy of life even more than the idolaters; each one of them wishes he could be given a life of a thousand years; but the grant of such life will not save him from (due) punishment for Allah sees well all that they do.
97>Say: Whoever is an enemy to Gabriel for he brings down the (revelation) to thy heart by Allah's will a confirmation of what went before and guidance and glad tidings for those who believe.
#101 A party of the Jews in the time of Muhammad ridiculed the Muslim belief that Gabriel brought down revelations to Muhammad Mustafa. Michael was called in their books "the great prince which standeth for the children of thy people": (Daniel xiii. 1). The vision of Gabriel inspired fear (Daniel, viii. 16-17). But this pretence - that Michael was their friend and Gabriel their enemy - was merely a manifestation of their unbelief in angels, apostles, and God Himself; and such unbelief could notwin the love of God. In any case it was disingenuous to say that they believed in one angel and not in another. Muhammad's inspiration was through visions of Gabriel. Muhammad had been helped to the highest spiritual light, and the message which he delivered and his spotless integrity and exemplary life were manifest Signs which every one could understand except those who were obstinate and perverse. Besides, the verses of the Qur-an were in themselves reasonable and clear#
*** The interpreter has either not done his research well on this point or is doing his best to mislead his readers. The fact is that the Talmud,Midrash and other Rabbinical writings are full of references to angels and Angelology.
The pagan Arabs, before the Quran, had no knowledge or concept of angels. The Quran and its interpreters who assiduously refer to Biblical and Rabbinical writings cannot and must not be allowed at the same time to claim any independent or prior knowledge of their contents.
The unlearned and mainly illiterate pagan Arabs did not know of Gabriel or of any of the other angels. Of more than one billion 'Muslims' in the world there may only be a few dozens who may actually know the context in which his name was mentioned and what it actually means in the Hebrew original. The Quran that was allegedly given to Muhammad by Gabriel is definitely not the one that we have in hand.
The current Quran has been assiduously altered, edited, perverted and corrupted from the original to suit the theological and sectarian needs of the Arab 'Muslim' theologians and politicians over a period of almost 300 years after the death of Muhammad.
Neither Allah, nor Gabriel could have changed the contents of the Bible in its letter or spirit and broke all their original promises to the Israelites and their descendants or to the Christians and their descendants so as to allow the PaganMuhammad to create a scripture for his people***
98>Whoever is an enemy to Allah and His angels and apostles to Gabriel and Michael Lo! Allah is an enemy to those who reject faith.
*** The interpreter of the Quran did not find it fit to explain the above verse in detail for the simple reason that he would have had to tell the reader who the angel Michael is. The one that the Quran is referring to comes from
Daniel 10:13 "But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me twenty one days; but, behold, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me; and I remained there with the kings of Persia".
In the tradition of the Jews he became a symbol of the angel who protects them. The pagan Arabs, including Muhammad, had no knowledge of him.***
99We have sent down to thee manifest signs (ayat); and none reject them but those who are perverse.
*** Ayat are not just Signs but Miracles and Wonders that are described in the Bible and to which the Quran repeatedly refers ***
100> Is it not (the case) that every time they make a Covenant some party among them throw it aside? - Nay most of them are faithless.
*** The Quran repeatedly, mercilessly and without a shred of evidence, attacks the People of the Book by claiming that they have been and are faithless to their revealed books. These unrelenting attacks are used to give itself a higher moral stature which it definitely is not entitled to.
So what if they had lapsed on several occasions into idolatory ?
The fact that Muhammad's Quran is based on the Bible and Hebrew Scriptures is a perfect witness that the Jews never abandoned their faith in the One and Only God of Israel.
In every religion there will always be people who are hypocrites. After all, Muhammad also lapsed into temporary IDOLATRY when he recited the SATANIC VERSES. Using the same 'logic' of the Quran, he too should be judged very harshly AND never FORGIVEN.
The 'Muslim' world of yesterday and today has hundreds of millions of them as they are not immune to human weaknesses and attitudes.
The reader must understand that while the Quran was being 'revealed',Muhammad would not have believed that immediately after his death, his followers would break almost every single rule, precept and instruction that he gave them***
101> And when came to them an Apostle from Allah confirming what was with them a party of the people of the Book threw away the Book of Allah behind their backs as if (it had been something) they did not know!
#102 I think that by "the Book of God" here is meant, not the Qur-an, but the Book which the People of the Book had been given, viz., the previous Revelations. The argument is that Muhammad's Message was similar to Revelations which they had already received, and if they had looked into their own Books honestly and sincerely, they would have found proofs in them to show that the new Message was true and from God. But they ignored their own Books or twisted or distorted them according to their own fancies. Worse, they followed something which was actually false and mischeivous and inspired by the evil one. Such was the belief in magic and sorcery. These are described in the next verse in terms referring to the beliefs and practices of the "People of the Book."#
*** The above comments by the interpreter of the Quran confirm without a shadow of a doubt that his agenda - as well as those of all Quranic interpreters - is to misrepresent the facts, deliberately mislead the readers and keep repeating all their falsehoods until the readers start to believe that these lies are actually the 'truth'.
The Jews and Christians would have had no quarrel with the new 'Islamic' entity had its ATTENTION been directed towards the pagan ArabsONLY.
When MuhammadDEMANDED that the Jews and Christians should convert to his perverted version of 'Islam', the whole picture got more offensive and dangerous.
It was Muhammad who broke the 'rules of engagement' by attacking the People of the Book.They had no choice but to defend themselves against his unwarranted aggression.
They already had their Revealed Books for centuries and did not need to be 'enlightened' any further by the Quran, the contents of which are only a very small and altered part of their Bible***
102>They followed what the evil ones gave out (falsely) against the power of Solomon; the blasphemers were not Solomon but the evil ones teaching men magic and such things as came down at Babylon to the angels Harut and Marut. But neither of these taught anyone (such things) without saying: "We are only for trial so do not blaspheme." They learned from them the means to sow discord between man and wife. But they could not thus harm anyone except by Allah's permission. And they learned what harmed them not what profited them. And they knew that the buyers of (magic) would have no share in the happiness of the Hereafter. And vile was the price for which they did sell their souls if they but knew!
# This is a continuation of the argument in ii. 101. The People of the Book, instead of sticking to the plain Books of Revelations, and seeking to do the will of God ran after all sorts of occult knowledge, most of which was false and evil. Many wonderful tales of occult power attributed the power of Solomon to magic. But Solomon dealt in not arts of evil. It was the powers of evil that pretended to force the laws of nature and the will of God; such a pretense is plainly blasphemy 104 This verse has been interpreted variously. Whe were Harut and Marut? What did they teach? Why did they teach it? The view which commends itself to me is that of the Tafsir Haqqani following Baidhawi and the Tafsir Kabir. The word "angels" as applied to Harut and Marut is figurative. It means "good men, of knowledge, science (or wisdom) and power." In modern language the word "angel" is applied to a good and beautiful woman. The earlier tradition made angels masculine, and applied to them the attributes which I have mentioned, along with the attribute of beauty, which was implied in goodness, knowledge, wisdom, and power. 105 What the evil ones learnt from Harut and Marut (see last note) they turned to evil. When mixed with fraud and deception, it appeared as charms and spells of love potions. They did nothing but cause discord between the sexes. But of course their power was limited to the extent to which God permitted the evil to work, for His grace protected all who sought His guidance and repented and returned to Him. But apart from the harm that these false pretenders might do to others, the chief harm which they did was to their own souls. They sold themselves into slavery to the Evil One, as is shown in the allegory of Goethe's Faust. That allegory dealt with the individual soul. Here the tragedy is shown to occur not only to individuals but to whole groups of people, for example, the People of the Book. Indeed the story might be extended indefinitely#
*** The only comment one can make regarding the above 'dissertation' is that it is all humbug trying to sound authoritative. Harut and Marutare characters that appear only in the Quran, and there is no record of them in pagan Arabia. This methodology of mendacity is used by this interpreter in most of his 'arguments' and 'explanations' none of which are either based on facts or on truth.
The Quranic verses AFTER ALL, jump from one subject and event in one century to a completely different subject and event in another century with no connection between the two all within a few verses of a Surah ***
103> If they had kept their faith and guarded themselves from evil far better had been the reward from their Lord if they but knew!
#103 This is a continuation of the argument in ii. 101. The People of the Book, instead of sticking to the plain Books of Revelations, and seeking to do the will of God ran after all sorts of occult knowledge, most of which was false and evil. Many wonderful tales of occult power attributed the power of Solomon to magic. But Solomon dealt in not arts of evil. It was the powers of evil that pretended to force the laws of nature and the will of God; such a pretense is plainly blasphemy#
*** 'Muslim' theologians associate the dispersal of the Jewish people as a punishment from God for their alleged failure to observe His ordinances. They make the same allegations about Christian defeats and/or failures.
They deliberately and conveniently, do not use the same 'logic' for the failures and defeats of 'Islam' both in the past and in the present such as under the Mongols, the Crusares, the British, the French etc; only none 'Muslims' are accused of 'backslidings and failures'.
This verse also simply disregards the FACT that the Arabs had been ignorant pagans for 2500 years prior to the Quranic'revelations'while the deliberately denigrated Jews had been keeping the flame and light of the One and Only God burning during all these centuries ***
104 O ye of Faith! say not (to the Apostle) words of ambiguous import but words of respect; and hearken (to him); to those without faith is a grievous punishment.
105> It is never the wish of those without faith among the people of the Book nor of the Pagans that anything good should come down to you from your Lord. But Allah will choose for His special Mercy whom He will for Allah is Lord of grace abounding.
*** This verse, maliciously and falsely associates and equates the pagans with the People of the Book. These types of insults by association and accusations are rife among the Quranic verses as if the Arabs were not themselves the pagans to start with and who without the People of the Book would not have then seen the light of Monotheism.
This verse also denies credit - where credit is due - to the Abyssinian Christians and the Jews of the Madina who gave safe haven and succor to Muhammad and his followers from their persecutors the pagan Arabs of Quraysh.
It is important to repeat here also, that it was Muhammad and his followers - a small but extremely violent minority - who were forcing and imposing their ideology and will upon the great majority of the people of Arabia. ***
106>None of Our revelations do We abrogate or cause to be forgotten but We substitute something better or similar; knowest thou not that Allah hath power over all things?
# 107 The word which I have translated by the word "revelations" is Ayat. See C.41 and n. 15. It is not only used for verses of the Qur-an, but in a general sense for God's revelations, as in ii. 39 and for other Signs of God in history or nature, or miracles, as in ii. 61. It has even been used for human signs and tokens of wonder, as, for example, monuments or landmarks built by the ancient people of Ad (xxvi. 128). What is the meaning here? If we take it in a general sense, it means that God's Message from age to age is always the same, but that its form may differ according to the needs and exigencies of the time. That form was different as given to Moses and then to Jesus and then to Muhammad. Some commentators apply it also to the Ayat of the Qur-an. There is nothing derogatory in this if we believe in progressive revelation. In iii. 7 we are told distinctly about the Qur-an, that some of its verses are basic or fundamental, and others are allegorical, and it is mischievous to treat the allegorical verses and follow them (literally). On the other hand, it is absurd to treat such a verse as ii. 115 as if it were abrograted by ii. 144 about the Qibla. We turn to the Qibla, but we do not believe that God is only in one place. He is everywhere. See second note to ii. 144#
*** If the above is a statement from Allah, then how is it that the Quran alleges that the same Allah has abrogated his Revelations to the Jews and Christians especially since the Quran is neither better, similar or a substitute to the Bible?
It seems that the Quran allows itself the 'privilidge' of having Allah'reveal' verses that later on he 'abrogated' or 'recanted' while the same is used as a weapon to defame the People of the Book.The Quran shows a supposedly Omniscient Allah who changes his mind repeatedly. Note also 16:101***
107> Knowest thou not that to Allah belongeth the dominion of the heavens and the earth! And besides Him ye have neither patron nor helper.
*** This verse is not bringing about a new 'revelation' to the People of the Book since these ideas and concepts are already enshrined in their Book***
108>Would ye question your Apostle as Moses was questioned of old? But whoever changeth from faith to unbelief hath strayed without doubt from the even way
#108 Moses was constantly harassed with foolish, impertinent, or disingenuous questions by his own people. We must not follow that bad example.Questions should be asked only for real instruction. (2.108)109"Even way": the Arabic word sawaa signifies smoothness as opposed to roughness: symmetry as opposed to want of plan; equality or proportion as opposed to want of design; rectitude as opposed to crookedness; a mean as opposed to extremes; and fitness for the object held in view as opposed to faultiness
*** The above verse and its explanation are of enormous importance in understanding the mentality of the Muhammadan concept of learning. The Israelites are not a herd of sheep who follow unthinkingly any one who plays the flute. They are endowed with an enormous appetite to question and explore ideas, precepts and thought.
On the other hand,Muhammad wanted followers who were robotic in their thought processes since the more questions they asked the more they would have realized that he was neither an original thinker nor a great theologian but that he plagiarized most of his ideas from the Bible, the Jews and Christians.
According to the Hadith, Muhammad used to get extremely upset and agitated when questioned by some of his more inquisitive followers. To stop them from doing so he 'created' a properly 'revealed'verse (Aya), in the name of the unsuspecting Allah, forbidding them from doing so…
Surah 5: "101 O ye who believe! ask not questions about things which if made plain to you may cause you trouble. But if ye ask about things when the Qur'an is being revealed they will be made plain to you: Allah will forgive those: for Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Forbearing. 102 Some people before you did ask such questions and on that account lost their faith..***
109>Quite a number of the people of the Book wish they could turn you (people) back to infidelity after ye have believed from selfish envy after the truth hath become manifest unto them; but forgive and overlook till Allah accomplish His purpose; for Allah hath power over all things
#110 There words are used in the Qur-an, with a meaning akin to "forgive" but each with a different shade of meaning. Afa (here translated "forgive") means to forget, to obliterate from one's mind. Safaha (here translated "overlook") means to turn away from, to ignore, to treat a matter as if it did not affect one. Gafara (which does not occur in this verse) means to cover up something as God does to our sins with His grace; this word is particularly appropriate in God's attribute of Gaffar, the One who forgives again and again#
*** The allegation above is of course deliberately false and contrary to the history of the Arabs as we know it. The People of the Book had absolutely no reason to envy anything in the new faith especially since it is entirely based on variations to their own Books. The envy actually resides only with the new faith which was not able to convert them.
It was after all, the People of the Book who brought to the paganArabs the concept of the One and Only God and even had several of the tribes voluntarily convert from paganism - without the use of force - unlike what Muhammad and his followers did to all others. More over, the Hymiarite Kingdom in the Yemen converted to the religion of the Jews without coersion or threat. The Quran and its interpreters have to resort to lies and calumny against the Jews to justify their ideology***
110>And be steadfast in prayer and regular in charity: and whatever good ye send forth for your souls before you ye shall find it with Allah; for Allah sees well all that ye do.
*** Before the Quranic 'revelations', it was the Jews who followed the precepts of regular prayer and the enshrined demands to do charity. Neither Muhammad nor pagan Arabia had any concept of charity until they copied it from the Bible ***
111>And they say: "None shall enter paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian." Those are their (vain) desires. Say: "Produce your proof if ye are truthful."
*** The Muhammadans are the ones who insist that Paradise is only for their followers and no one else. As usual with the Quran and its interpreters, it is the case of 'the pot calling the kettle Black'. The same demand can and must be made of the Muhammadans:you too produce your proof if you can.
It was from the Zoroasreians and the Hebrew sages that the concept of Paradise was promulgated and later propagated by the Christians. It was from the People of the Book that Muhammad copied and assimilated these concepts in his new cultic belief system.
The very word in Arabic for Paradise is (Jannah) which is derived from the Hebrew (Gan) meaning garden. Before his alleged 'revelations' neither Muhammad nor the pagan Arabs had any knowledge or concept of an afterlife in Paradise***
112>Nay whoever submits his whole self to Allah and is a doer of good he will get his reward with his Lord; on such shall be no fear nor shall they grieve
113>The Jews say: "The Christians have naught (to stand) upon"; and the Christians say: "The Jews have naught (to stand) upon." Yet they (profess to) study the (same) Book. Like unto their word is what those say who know not but Allah will judge between them in their quarrel on the Day of Judgment.
#116 It is a sure sign of ignorance and prejudice when you study the same book as another or a similar one and yet are absolutely intolerant of the meaning which the other draws from it. You should know better, but you speak like the ignorant. In this case the primary reference in the word "ignorant" may be to the Pagan Arabs#
*** Neither the Quranic verse nor the conclusion of the interpreter are true for the simple reason that the
New Testament is extraneous to the Hebrew Bible and hence is not the 'same book' as the Quran alleges.
Both theJews and Christians accept the divine origin of theHebrew Bible;the only matter they do not agree upon resides on the New Testament as to whether or not Jesus was the prophesized Messiah or the son of God.
The interpreter, while he is condemning both the Jews and Christians, does not hesitate to plagiarize from their Holy Books by mentioning the expression
'Day of Judgment' which the pagan Arabs had absolutely no concept of until the Quranic'revelations'.
What is even more important - and contrary to the malicious and mendacious allegations by Muhammadan theologians - is that although the Quran highlites the severe and irreconcilable differences between the
'People of the Book', it does not declare that either Book is corrupt or in error ***
114>And who is more unjust than he who forbids that in places for the worship of Allah Allah's name should be celebrated? Whose zeal is (in fact) to ruin them? It was not fitting that such should themselves enter them except in fear. For them there is nothing but disgrace in this world and in the world to come an exceeding torment
# 117 There were actually Pagans in Mecca who tried to shut out the Muslim Arabs from the Ka'ba, the universal place of Arab worship. The Pagans themselves called it the House of God. With what face could they exclude the Muslims, who wanted to worship the true God instead of worshipping idols? If these Pagans had succeeded, they would only have caused violent divisions among the Arabs and destroyed the sanctity and the very existence of the Ka'ba#
*** The pervesion of historical and moral truths are the staple deit of both the Quranic verses and the interpreter's explanations. It was Muhammad and his followers after all, who were forcing their 'religion' upon the pagan Quraysh.
It was they who were trying to change a status quo that had been in existence for hundreds of years. It was they who were demanding and forcing the majority to change their theological beliefs as well as their economic well- being at the say so of Muhammad.
To condemn the pagans for resisting is both intellectually and morally incomprehensible and untenable. When Muhammad and his followers were able in the end to conquer and force their adversaries to convert, they imposed even harsher exclusions on those who remained pagan.
Muhammadanism, even unto today does not tolerate any change in its theology and is willing to die for its beliefs. Why then condemn others for doing exactly the same thing?***
115>To Allah belong the East and the West; whithersoever ye turn there is the presence of Allah. For Allah is All-Pervading All-Knowing.
*** This interpretation is of course totally false when subjected to the scrutiny of the historical records. It was the new 'Muslim' entity that was more intolerant than the pagans; after all, the pagan Arabs had been venerating the Ka'ba and Allah for centuries before Muhammad and his followers arrogated to themselves sole control of it.
It was Muhammad and his followers after all, who created the very dissention, exclusivity and dis-harmony that he and his followers accuse their enemies of. It is a 'natural' consequence that history is written by the victor, especially one that was able to eradicate all traces of his victims as Muhammad and his followers did to the pagan Arabs, the Christians and the Jews ***
116>They say: "Allah hath begotten a son"; Glory be to Him. Nay to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth; everything renders worship to Him.
# 119 It is a derogation from the glory of God - in fact it is blasphemy - to say that God begets sons, like a man or an animal. The Christian doctrine is here emphatically repudiated. If words have any meaning, it would mean an attribution of God of a material nature, and of the lower animal functions of sex. In a spiritual sense, we are all children of God. And all Creation celebrates His glory. Verse 117 should be read with this to complete the argument#
*** This is a jibe at Christianity equating it with paganism since it makes Jesus a divine being, the son of the Almighty; a concept of (Shirk) that it is having partners with Allah***
117> To Him is due the primal origin of the heavens and the earth; when He decreeth a matter He saith to it: "Be"; and it is.
118Say those without knowledge: "Why speaketh not Allah unto Us? Or why cometh not unto Us a sign?" So said the people before them words of similar import. Their hearts are alike. We have indeed made clear the signs unto any people who hold firmly to faith (in their hearts).
*** Since neither the Quran nor Muhammad ever provided any miracles, signs or prophesies, the above "made clear the signs …"can only be applied to the People of Israel ***
119>Verily We have sent thee in truth as a bearer of glad tidings and a warner. But of thee no question shall be asked of Companions of the blazing fire.
120> Never will the Jews or the Christians be satisfied with thee unless thou follow their form of religion. Say: "The guidance of Allah that is the (only) guidance." Wert thou to follow their desires after the knowledge which hath reached thee then wouldst thou find neither protector nor helper against Allah.
*** This is an interesting comment since it is Muhammadism which arrogates for itself the right to convert the whole world to its own belief system.What the verse also implies is that the Jews and Christians do not have the protection of Allah since they are not followers of Muhammad ***
121> Those to whom We have sent the book study it as it should be studied; they are the ones that believe therein; those who reject faith therein the loss is their own.
122>O Children of Israel! call to mind the special favor [nia'mati] which I bestowed upon you and that I preferred you [fadthaltakum] to all others (for my message).
*** It is interesting to note that when complimentary verses to the People of the Book are mentioned in the Quran - as in the one above- the interpreter chooses not to make any comments ***
123Then guard yourselves against a day when one soul shall not avail another nor shall compensation be accepted from her nor shall intercession profit her nor shall anyone be helped (from outside).
124>And remember that Abraham was tried by his Lord with certain commands which he fulfilled; He said: "I will make thee an Imam to the nations." He pleaded: "And also (Imams) from my offspring!" He answered: "But my promise is not within the reach of evil-doers."
#123 Kalimat: literally "words" here used in the mystic sense of God's Will or Decree or Purpose. This verse may be taken to be the sum of the verses following. In everything Abraham fulfilled God's wish: he purified God's house; he built the sacred refuge of the Ka'ba; he submitted his will to God's, and thus became the type of Islam. He was promised the leadership of the world; he pleaded for his progeny, and his prayer was granted, with the limitation that if his progeny was false to God, God's promise did not reach the people who proved themselves false#
*** The stories of Abraham, Ishmael and Jacob in the Quran are completely and utterly different from their originals in the Bible. Some verses were copied from stories in Rabbinical and other records such as the Talmud, Midrash(Legends of the Jews). The Quran applies these stories to suit its Arab audience that was totally ignorant of their 'heritage' prior to these 'revelations'.
The relevant word here is 'Imam' which is applied in Muhammadan theology to the lay readers of prayers in the mosques, making Abraham such a leader. Unfortunately though, the Quran does not enumerate or elucidate the nature or details of these commands and trials ***
125Remember We made the house a place of assembly for men and a place of safety; and take ye the station of Abraham as a place of prayer; and We covenanted with Abraham and Isma`il that they should sanctify My House for those who compass it round or use it as a retreat or bow or prostrate themselves (therein in prayer).
#125 The Ka'ba, the House of God. Its foundation goes back by Arab tradition to Abraham. Its fourfold character is here referred to. (1) It was the centre to which all the Arab tribes resorted for trade, for poetic contests, and for worship, (2) It was sacred territory and was respected by friend and foe alike. At certain seasons, all fighting was and is forbidden within it limits, and even arms are not allowed to be carried and no game or other thing is allowed to be killed. Like the Cities of Refuge under the Mosaic Dispensation to which manslayers could flee (Num. xxxv. 6) or the Sanctuaries in Mediaeval Europe, to which criminals could not be pursued. Mecca was recognized by Arab custom as inviolable for the pursuit of revenge or violence. (3) It was a place of prayer; even today there is a Station of Abraham within the enclosure where Abraham was supposed to have prayed. (4) It must be held pure and sacred for all purposes 126 Four rites are here enumerated, which have now acquired a technical meaning. (1) Compassing the sacred territory, or going round the Ka'ba: Tawaf. There are special guides who take pilgrims and visitors round. (2) Retiring to the place as a spiritual retreat, for contemplation and prayer: Itikat. (3) The posture of bending the back in prayer: Ruku. (4) The posture of prostrating oneself on the ground in prayer: Sujud. The protection of the holy territory is for all, but special cleanliness and purity is required for the sake of the devotees who undertake these rites.#
*** First of all, the word representing 'remember' is not mentioned in the verse above, the translator put it there.Second, there was never any mention of the Ka'ba or Allah in the Bible nor a record of any covenant between Allah and Abraham regarding it.
The Ka'ba was the 'House of Allah' long before Muhammad. It was venerated by the pagan Arabs because it contained the 'Black Stone', a meteor. The Ka'ba was and still is not a Temple; it is a cubical structure around which worshippers walk (circumambulate) while reciting prayers. Since no one prostrates there while praying, it cannot be a Masjid (a place of prostration) either.
Prior to Isalm, Mecca was the center of Paganism and Heathenism with hundreds of stones representing the different gods and godesses in its collection, among which was the important deity, Allah.
There was no central temple in Mecca to be called a 'House'. Excluding the sect called Hanifs - who were influenced by Christian and Hebrew tradtions about Abraham - the Pagan Arab tradition could not have known anything about Abraham and still had pagan gods to pray to.
There are no records in the whole of Arabian history - whether written or oral - that can be found attesting to their knowledge of Abraham prior to the Quranic'revelations' during which, almost 2500 years had already elapsed.
It was Muhammad and his followers who invented retroactively this alleged and imaginary 'tradition' to allow them to claim ancient descent and antiquity befitting a new 'theology' ***
126>And remember Abraham said: "My Lord make this a City of Peace and feed its people with fruits such of them as believe in Allah and the Last Day." He said: "(Yea) and such as reject faith for a while will I grant them their pleasure but will soon drive them to the torment of fire an evil destination (indeed)!"
#127 The root salama in the word Islam implies (among other ideas) the idea of Peace, and therefore when Mecca is the city of Islam, it is also the City of Peace. The same root occurs in the latter part of the name Jerusalem, the Jewish City of Peace. When the day of Jerusalem passed (see verse 134 or 141 below), Mecca became the "New Jerusalem" - or rather the old and original "City of Peace" restored and made universal#
*** First of all, Allah's instruction 'remember' is totally meaningless since tha pagan Arabshad no knowledge of previous revelations to remember.
Second, it is totally misleading and untrue that the word Salam (Peace) is similar to Islam (Submission). The interpreter, who shows a DEPRAVED INDIFFERENCE to TRUTH and VERACITY, alleges that God forsook His eternal city Jerusalem and Mount Zion for pagan Mecca at the say so of Muhammad.
The expression 'City of Peace' is copied from the description always attributed to Jerusalem whose ending 'shalem' is associated with 'shalom' meaning peace.
Everything is attempted by the Quran and its interpreters to remove God's blessings from the Jews and Jerusalem and direct them towards the Arabs and Mecca by using any and all convoluted perversions and explanations.
Moreover, it is important to make clear here, that neither in the age of Abraham and Ishmael nor for that matter during the whole period of Arab paganism, was the concept of the Last Days had by then been formulated; neither of the patriarchs would have spoken of the subject to either Gabriel or Allah for that matter, as can be confirmed in the original Biblical version.
Another deliberate mistranslation is the Arabic word (Balad) which rendered (City) here to change the meaning and implication of the verse which should read instead " My Lord, make this country peaceable…"***
127>And remember Abraham and Isma`il raised the foundations of the House: "Our Lord! accept (this service) from us for thou art the All-Hearing the All-Knowing.
*** The Bible, of course, has no such record as mentioned above. This is a most remarkable statement made by theQuran since upon it and a few others like it, the Arabs allege that they are descended from Ishmael; if this were true, we have the following corollaries:
First, that the first language heard in Arabia at the Ka'ba in Mecca would have been Hebrew and not Arabic.
Second, that the 'Arabised' Arabs[al Arab al Mut'ariba] are Hebrews in origin, from Abraham & Ishmael
Third, that both of the latter must have travelled a distance of about 1000 miles to get there from Beersheba, Canaan, and later return just so that they raise the foundations of the Ka'ba.
Most important of all, the reader should be made aware that the Ka'ba is not a mosque/masjid where people could worship, but a solitary cubic structure that contains a meteor (Black Stone) which became a revered shrine by the pagan Arabs.
There never was a House (Beit/Temple) for which any foundation could have been raised. The term for 'House' in Arabic is Beit and was copied from the same used by the Israelites for the Temple of Solomon(Beit Ha'mikdash; the Sacred House).
Assuming for an instance that the Quranic version may be true, the theological, ethnic and political ramifications are colossal in their implications and revolutionary in their conclusions. At a stroke:
First, the Arabs become descendants of the Hebrews(Al Arab al Must'ariba/ the Arabized Arabs) of whom, Muhammad is descendant.
Second, the Ka'bah in Mecca becomes a holy place for the Jews, since it was built by the hands of their ancesors, Abrahan & Ishmael
Third, Arabic could be only a derivative of Hebrew
Fourth, the Arabian Peninsula should not be made - any more - forbidden to Jewish immigration and settlement
Fifth, the Arab-Jewish conflict will not reside upon Israel/Palestine only any more
Sixth, and moreover, how does Arab'tradition' explain away the fact that Abraham ended up being buried in Hebron, in Canaan and not near Mecca? Where is Ishmael buried?
Seventh, is it possible that the Arabs had undergone the most massive case of FOLK AMNESIA for at least 2500 years until Muhammad started 'reminding' them that they were actually descendants from the Hebrews,Abraham & Ishmael? ***
128Our Lord! make of us Muslims bowing to Thy (Will) [Muslimayni] and of our progeny a people Muslim bowing to Thy (Will) [Muslimata] and show us our places for the celebration of (due) rites; and turn unto us (in mercy); for Thou art the Oft-Returning Most-Merciful.
*** According to the above verse, Abraham and Ishmael were Muslims (Muslimeen), that is believers in the
One and Only Allah. They were such believers (Muslimeen) at least 2500 years before Muhammad and the Quran.
As a corollary, their descendants and fellow believers in their faith, the Israelites and later the Jews are also undeniably Muslims***
129"Our Lord! send amongst them an Apostle of their own who shall rehearse Thy Signs to them and instruct them in Scripture and Wisdom and sanctify them; for Thou art the Exalted in Might the Wise."
#129 How beautiful this prayer is, and how aptly it comes in here in the argument! Such Paganism or star-worship or planet-worship as there was in Abraham's time was first cleared out of Mecca by Abraham. This is the chief meaning of "sanctification" or purification in ii. 125, although of course physical cleanliness is (in physical conditions) a necessary element of purification in the higher sense. Abraham and his elder son Ismail then built the Ka'ba and established the rites and usages of the sacred city. He was thus the founder of the original Islam (which is as old as mankind) in Arabia. As becomes a devout man, he offers and dedicates the work to God in humble supplication, addressing Him as the All-Hearing and the All-Knowing. He then asks for a blessing on himself and his progeny generally, both the children of his eldest-born Ismail and his younger son Isaac. With prophetic vision he foresees that there will be corruption and backsliding in both branches of his family: Mecca will house 360 idols, and Jerusalem will become a harlot city (Ezekiel xvi. 15), a city of abomination. But the light of Islam will shine, and reclaim the lost people in both branches and indeed in all the world. So he prays for God's mercy, addressing Him as the Oft-Returning Most Merciful. And finally he foresees in Mecca an Apostle teaching the people as one "of their own", and in their own beautiful Arabic language; he asks for a blessing on Muhammad's ministry,appealing to the Power and Wisdom of God#
*** Unfailingly, the interpreter deliberately misrepresents the whole verse and then takes out of context from the Bible and Hebrew Scriptures whatever suits his agenda for denigrating the People of the Book.
He uses the contents of the allegedly 'doctored' and 'edited' Bible and Hebrew Scriptures against the very people who NEVER deviated from the tradition of believing in the One and Only God.
At the same time he alleges that the ignorant pagan Arabs had knowledge of Abraham and Ishmael prior to their revelations in the Quran,which of course was not the case.
He deliberately ignores the FACTS that while the descendants of Isaac had their lapses, they nevertheless were the only ones who continued to carry the flame and light of (Islam), Monotheism while the alleged descendants of Ishmael
- the Arabs - lapsed without recovering until Muhammad awakened them up by plagiarizing from the Bible for the benefit of his pagan brethren, more than 2500 years later.
He also ignores the following verses: 11:49 & 12:3, for a start that clearly assert that the pagan Arabs had absolutely no knowledge of the Bible before the Quranic revelations. ***
130>And who turns away from the religion of Abraham but such as debase their souls with folly? Him We chose and rendered pure in this world: and he will be in the Hereafter in the ranks of the righteous.
# Istafa: chose; chose because of purity; chose and purified. It is the same root from which Mustafa is derived, one of the titles of Muhammad#
*** It is vital to point out why Muhammad was obsessed with the God of Abraham.He copied Paul's concept that Abraham's God is the primal and only true one since Abraham was neither a 'Jew' nor a Christianand in this manner he is the Universal God unlike the God of Moses (for the Isrelites) or the God of Jesus (for the Christians).
This 'neutral' God was subsequently arrogated by Muhammad for himself and his followers. In this manner he could claim separation from the two earlier monotheistc theologies. In reality, no matter how far he wanted to distance his beliefs from that of the Jews and Christians, he had no choice but to copy from both to create his scripture***
131 Behold! his Lord said to him: "Bow (thy will to me)" [Aslim] He said: "I bow (my will) [Aslamtu] to the Lord and Cherisher of the universe."
*** The Arabic for 'bow thy will' is to submit to the will of Allah is Aslama that is becoming a Muslim ***
132>And this was the legacy that Abraham left to his sons and so did Jacob; "O my sons! Allah hath chosen the faith for you; then die not except in the faith of Islam [Muslimoona]."
*** Abraham, Jacob and their descendants were and are all Muslimoon (Muslims); believers in the One and Only God. This affirmation should also include, obviously, the Israelites and the Jews.
It also means - that without a shadow of a doubt- anyone can be a Muslim who believes in the One and Only God of Abraham without being a Muhammadan since all of the above were before him and the Quran .
The reader should be aware that in verse after verse, the prophets that the Quran mentions are from the seed of Abraham through Isaacand not a single one from the seed of Ishmael.
Since this is a fact, then how is it possible to allege that it was Ishmael and not Isaac who was the elect of Allah,if Allahis the God of Israel?***
133>Were ye witnesses when death appeared before Jacob? Behold he said to his sons: "What will ye worship after me?" They said: "We shall worship thy Allah [Ilahaka] and the Allah [Ilaha] of thy fathers of Abraham Isma`il and Isaac the one (true) Allah to Him we bow (in Islam) [Muslimoona]."
#131 The whole of the Children of Israel are called to witness one of their slogans, that they worshipped "the God of their fathers." The idea in their minds got narrowed down to that of a tribal God. But they are reminded that their ancestors had the principle of Islam in them - the worship of the One True and Universal God. The death-bed scene is described in Jewish tradition 132"Fathers" means ancestors, and include uncles, grand-uncles, as well as direct ascendants.#
*** First and foremost, the interpreter, deliberately changed the words Ilahakaand Ilahwhich mean God, to Allah which was the nameof the supreme god of the pagan Ka'ba.
Allah of the Arabs was never the God of Israel Who has no name. Muhammad deliberately associatedAllah with the God of Israel to serve the agenda of his new belief system.
It should also be pointed out here that while the maligned Jews have kept their faith and belief in the One and Only God, the alleged descendants of Ishmael, the Arabs, lapsed immediately after his death and returned Mecca to paganism and idolatry for 2500 years until Muhammad - who was inspired through his contacts with the 'Jews' of Arabia- re-opened his and their eyes with his Quran.
Since the Bible repeatedly instructs the Israelites that all people among them who believe in the One and Only God - are themselves as if they were descended 'from the seed of Abraham'
Exodus 12: 48 "And when a stranger shall sojourn with you, and will keep the Passover to the Lord, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one who is born in the land; for no uncircumcised person shall eat of it".
Exodus 20: 10." But the seventh day is the sabbath of the Lord your God; in it you shall not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger that is within your gates.."
Hencethe interpreter's conclusion that theirs was a tribal God is erroneous, untrue and incredibly stupid since the Quran itself asserts that their God was Allah.
How many versions ofAllah does the interpreter intend to create to satisfy his perverted agenda?***
134>That was a People that hath passed away. They shall reap the fruit of what they did ye of what ye do! of their merits there is no question in your case!
135> They say: "Become Jews or Christians if ye would be guided (to salvation)." Say thou: "Nay! (I would rather) the religion of Abraham the true and he joined not gods with Allah."
# Hanif: inclined to right opinion, orthodox (in the literal meaning of the Greed words), firm in faith, sound and well-balanced, true. Perhaps the last word, True, sums up most of the other shades#
*** The hidden and derogatory meaning in the above verse is obvious; it implies that both the Jews and Christians - since the times of Moses and Jesus - have joined other gods with God and hence are idolators.
This verse - as well as hundreds of others like it- is used to insult and denigrate both faiths. As far as the Quran is concerned, any Christian who believes in the divinity of Jesus is automatically a 'Mushrik' that is an idolator (Surah 5:73)***
2:136> Say ye: "We believe in Allah and the revelation given to us and to Abraham Isma`il Isaac Jacob and the Tribes and that given to Moses and Jesus and that given to (all) Prophets from their Lord [Rabbihim] we make no difference between one and another of them and we bow to Him (Allah in Islam) [Muslimoona]."
*** The above is a repeat of 3:84. The Quran asserts that Muhammadans must believe in the revelations given to the Patriarchs and Moses, that is that they must believe in the divine source of the Bible.
This confirms that all the ancestors of the Jews were Muslimoon because of their fervent belief in the One and Only God, and it follows reason and as a corollary, that all their descendants the Israelites and the Jews are also Muslimoon for exactly the same reason.
The Jews are Muslimoon who believe in the Torah while the Muhammadans are Muslimoonwho believe in the Quran.
At no point in the Quran does it assert or even intimate that the previous Books have been perverted. It only condems some of the People of the Book who did not follow its precepts and rules or deliberately misrepresented or misinterpreted some of its contents.
Since the followers of Muhammad are instructed to believe in all the previous revelations as they and the Quran are the same, an important and very pertinant question arises:
What is then the need for the Quran?
What then distinguishes 'Islam' from the religion of the People of the Book?
If it is the same as the previous revelations, what new purpose can it possibly serve?
Why would Allah - the all knowing - want to replace one set of 'divine' revelations with another of the same while nothing is changing? ***
137>So if they believe as ye believe they are indeed on the right path; but if they turn back it is they who are in schism; but Allah will suffice thee as against them and He is the All-Hearing the All- Knowing.
138>(Our religion is) the baptism of [sibghata] Allah; and who can baptize [sibghata] better than Allah? and it is He whom we worship.
#Sibgat: baptism: the root-meaning implies a dye or colour; apparently the Arab Christians mixed a dye or colour in the baptismal water, signifying that the baptized person got a new colour in life. We do not believe that it is necessary to be baptized to be saved. Our higher baptism is the "Baptism" of God, by which we take on a colour (symbolically) of God, and absorb His goodness in us#
*** The interpreter, as usual, goes to enormous lengths to contort and twist words to fit his agenda.
First of all, he is wrong, since baptism does NOT mean being saved but to belong to a sect or a church through a cleansing process.
Second, baptism is a physical act and not a spiritual one; hence, why does the Quran not explain how Allah's baptism is accomplished? In fact, this word is not found anywhere in all of the Ahadith comprising tens of thousands of verses.
As usual in the Quran, names of characters and places, words and objects are mentioned without the slightest explanation as to their meaning, function or origin, leaving any reader completely at a loss. In fact, the verse above had to be explained to the reader (between brackets) otherwise it made no sense at all ***
139Say: Will ye dispute with us about Allah seeing that He is our Lord and your Lord; that we are responsible for our doings and ye for yours; and that we are sincere (in our faith) in Him?
*** Only the Quran affirms that the God of Jews and the Allah of Muhammad are the same.
The former is the God of Love and Mercy, the latter of Hate and Retribution; the former allows for Salvation and Redemption, the latter only for Punishment and Submission; the former allows Free Will while the latter deprives them of it.
They are not and cannot be the same ***
140>Or do ye say that Abraham Isma`il Isaac Jacob and the Tribes were Jews or Christians? Say: Do ye know better than Allah? Ah! who is more unjust than those who conceal the testimony they have from Allah? But Allah is not unmindful of what ye do!
141That was a people that hath passed away. They shall reap the fruit of what they did and ye of what ye do! Of their merits there is no question in your case.
142>The fools among the people will say: "What hath turned them from the Qiblah to which they were used?" Say: To Allah belong both East and West; He guideth whom He will to a Way that is straight.
# 140 Nas - People, the unthinking multitude that sway to and fro, instead of being firm in God's Way. The reference here is to the idolaters, the Hypocrites, and the party of Jews who were constantly seeking to "entangle in their talk" Mustafa and his disciples in Medina even as the Pharisees and the Sadducees of Jesus's day tried to entangle Jesus (Matt. xxii, 15, 23)
*** This verse was - as usual - conveniently 'descended'to explain away the reason why Muhammad changed the Qiblah (Direction to which Muhammadans turned in prayer) from the one towards Jerusalem (emulating the Jews) at the beginning of his stay in Madina ( for the first 18 months) to that which he later changed towards Mecca in anger because the Jews refused to follow his new 'theology'.
It is a fact that if Mecca was the first 'House of Allah' on Earth, why then did Allah not instruct Muhammad to face it during prayers instead of allowing him to ERR for 18 months in his Qiblato Jerusalem?
The unavoidable conclusion remains:that Muhammad at the very beginning of his 'mission' totally believed in the message of the Torah and the holiness of Jerusalem being ever more superior to Mecca.
It was only after his total rejection by the Jews of Madina regarding his message and alleged - self proclaimed- prophethood that he turned the Qibla towards the
centre of paganism in Mecca.
The allegedly staunch monotheist Muhammad,reverted to his 'origin' in paganism but re packaged it in 'Monotheistic/Islamic' wrappings.
Another disturbing question can be asked as to why would Allah, who was sending all unbelievers to Hell's fires, allow Muhammad and his followers to face the Qibla of Meccawhile it was still unclean since it was harbouring all the pagan gods and
143>Thus have We made of you an Ummah justly balanced that ye might be witnesses over the nations and the Apostle a witness over yourselves; and We appointed the Qiblah to which thou wast used only to test those who followed the Apostle from those who would turn on their heels (from the faith). Indeed it was (a change) momentous except to those guided by Allah. And never would Allah make your faith of no effect. For Allah is to all people most surely full of kindness Most Merciful.
#142 Thus: By giving you a Qibla of your own, most ancient in history, and most modern as a symbol of your organisation as a new nation (Ummat). (2.143)143 Justly balanced: The essence of Islam is to avoid all extravagances on either side. It is a sober, practical religion. But the Arabic word (wasat) also implies a touch of the literal meaning of Intermediacy. Geographically Arabia is in an intermediate position in the Old World, as was proved in history by the rapid expansion of Islam, north, south, west and east.144 Witnesses: When two persons dispute, they advance extravagant claims. A just witness comes between them, and brings the light of reason to bear on them, pruning all their selfish extravagances. So the mission of Islam is to curb, for instance, the extreme formalism of the Mosaic law and the extreme "other-worldiness" professed by Christianity. The witness must be unselfish, equipped with first-hand knowledge, and ready to intervene in the cause of justice. Such is the position claimed by Islam among rival systems. Similarly, within Islam itself, the position of witness to whom disputants can appeal is held by Muhammad Mustafa. 145 The Qibla of Jerusalem might itself have seemed strange to the Arabs, and the change from it to the Ka'ba might have seemed strange after they had become used to the other. In reality one direction or another, or east or west, in itself did no matter, as God is in all places, and is independent of Time and Place. What mattered was the sense of discipline, on which Islam lays so much stress: which of us is willing to follow the directions of the chosen Apostle of God? Mere quibbles about non-essential matters are tested by this#
*** All the above 'explanations' by the Quran and its interpreters - as to the reasons for the change in the direction of the Qibla - are false and contrived to explain away Muhammad's personal and convenient 'change of heart' and not Allah's.
It stands to reason that if the Ka'ba was the alleged first and foremost 'House of Allah', then why did Muhammad order his followers at the very beginning of his mission to imitate the tradition of the Jews by praying towards Jerusalem?
For almost eighteen months this policy was continued without it having been sanctioned by Gabriel or Allah.
It was only terminated after the unavoidable conclusion by Muhammad that all his efforts to have the Jews'convert' to his new theology had failed.
It was purely because of anger, disappointment and spite that he turned his attention and that of his followers to the pagan shrine of the Ka'ba.
To explain this change as a "..test of those who followed the Apostle…" is a lame and infantile excuse since there is no difficulty or challenge in changing the posture of prayer from one direction to another.
The Hadiths are full of reports of how his followers changed direction without questions, without challenge and instantly.
Yet once more, for the sake of convenience and not out of conviction, did Muhammad easily change his position to gain favour with the pagan Arab tribes who worshipped the pagan Ka'ba in Mecca by producing the usual 'MADE TO ORDER' verse from Allah to justify it ***
144>We see the turning of thy face (for guidance) to the heavens; now shall We turn thee to a Qiblah that shall please thee. Turn then thy face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque; wherever ye are turn your faces in that direction. The people of the book [Bible] know well that that is the truth from their Lord nor is Allah unmindful of what they do.
# This shows the sincere desire of Mustafa to seek light from above in the matter of the Qibla. Until the organisation of his own People into a well-knit community, with its distinctive laws and ordinances, he followed a practice based on the fact that the Jews and Christians looked upon Jerusalem as a sacred city. But there was no universal Qibla among them. Some Jews turned towards Jerusalem, especially during the Captivity, as we shall see later. At the time of our Prophet, Jerusalem was in the hands of the Byzantine Empire, which was Christian. But the Christians oriented their churches to the East (hence the word "orientation") which is a point of the compass, and not the direction of any sacred place. The fact of the altar being in the East does not mean that every worshipper has his face to the east; for, according at least to modern practice, the seats in a church are so placed that different worshippers may face in different directions. The Preacher of Unity naturally wanted, in this as in other matters, a symbol of complete unity, and his heart was naturally delighted when the Qibla towards the Ka'ba was settled. Its connection with Abraham gave it great antiquity; its character of being an Arab centre made it appropriate when the Message came in Arabic, and was preached through the union of the Arabs; at the time it was adopted, the little Muslim community was shut out of it, being exiles in Medina, but it became a symbol of hope and eventual triumph, of which Muhammad lived to see the fulfilment; and it also became the centre and gathering ground of all peoples in the universal pilgrimage, which was instituted with it. 148 The sacred Mosque: The Ka'ba in the sacred city of Mecca. It is not correct to suggest that the command making the Ka'ba the Qibla abrogates ii. 115, where it is stated that East and West belong to God, and He is everywhere. This is perfectly true at all times, before and after the institution of the Qibla. As if to emphasise this, the same words about East and West are repeated in this very passage; see ii, 142 above. Where the Itqan mentions mansukh in this connection, I am sorry I cannot follow that opinion, unless mansukh is defined in a special way, as some of the commentators do. 149 Glimmerings of such a Qibla were already foreshadowed in Jewish and Christian practice but its universality was only perfected in Islam#
*** It is really sad to see to what level of intellectual, historical and theological depravity do the followers of Muhammad sink to in attempting to explain the unexplainable.
Muhammad was NOT INSTRUCTED by either Allah or byGabrielto tell his followers to face the Qibla towards Jerusalem.
It was his decision alone and was done because he KNEW very well that Jerusalem was a HOLIER and a more IMPORTANT SANCTUARY than Mecca.
He only changed the Qibla out of anger and spite because the Jews of the Madina refused to believe in him or his message.
If Allah is God then He could not have told the Angel Gabriel to 'reveal'a verse full of such blatant lies to Muhammad since it contradicts all His previous revelations in the Torah.
If these verses are NOT fromAllah, then they must have emanated from the fertile but erroneous imagination of Muhammad or fromSATAN.
It is an incontrovertible fact that only Muhammad's Quran makes a connection between Abraham and the Ka'ba; it is exactly because neither the Bible nor the New Testamenthave any such knowledge, that the verse above is utterly farcical; it defies logic and history.
Moreover, to add insult to injury, pagan Arabia left no record of such a relationship either written or oral. I leave it to the reader to make its own deduction.
Most important of all, I must repeat again, there was no Mosque/Masjid in Mecca. According to the Hadihs, the Ka'ba was but a very crude and insubstantial building and not a Mosque. It did not even have a roof to speak of in the beginning.
Also, contrary to all the deliberate but totally erroneous derogatory implications in the above interpretation of the verse, the Jews all over the world always oriented their prayers towards Jerusalem.
The change in the direction of the Qibla was settled by Muhammad's decision and not by Gabriel.He failed to convert the Jews to his new theology and hence re directed his efforts and attention towards his pagan tribe of Quraysh instead ***
145>Even if thou wert to bring to the people of the Book [Bible] all the signs (together) they would not follow thy Qiblah; nor art thou going to follow their Qiblah; nor indeed will they follow each other's Qiblah. If thou after the knowledge hath reached thee wert to follow their (vain) desires then wert thou indeed (clearly) in the wrong.
# See n. 147 to ii. 144 above. The Jews and Christians had a glimmering of the Qibla idea, but in their attitude of self-sufficiency they were not likely to welcome the Qibla idea as perfected in Islam. Nor is Islam, after the fuller knowledge which it has received, likely to revert to the uncertain, imperfect, and varying ideas of orientation held previously. A very large glimpse of the old jewish practice in the matter of the Qiblah and the importance attached to it is found in Daniel 6:10. He was captured by the Medes and incarcerated in Babylon (506-538 BCE). Despite this, his attachment to Jerusalem continued to be true. His window bein open in his chamber towards Jerusalem, he kneeled three times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks before God, as he did aforetime.#
*** This verse is extremely important since it asserts that the Quran and Muhammad knew very well that the Jews directed their prayers towards Jerusalem.
Unfortunarely and as usual, the interpreter had to put in his worthless thoughts by alleging that the Jews and Christians"…had a glimmer of the Qibla idea.." knowing full well that the pagan Arabs had no concept of any Qibla at all until Muhammad plagiarized it from the same People of the Book that are being denigrated.
It is most certainly because the Quran has no foundations in fact or truth, that the followers of Muhammad are left no other option but to deceive themselves and others through a bottomless number of lies, pervesions,myths and contorsions of history and theology to try and explain the unexplainable as well as to defend the indefensible***
146>The people of the Book [Bible] know this as they know their own sons; but some of them conceal the truth which they themselves know.
# The People of the Book should have known all this as well as "they knew their own sons", as their past traditions and teaching should have made them receptive of the new message. Some commentators construe the demonstrative pronoun "this" to refer to the Apostle. In that case the interpretation would be: The People of the Book know Muhammad as well as they know their own sons; they know him to be true and upright; they know him to be in the line of Abraham; they know him to correspond to the description of the prophet foretold among themselves; but selfishness induces some of them to act against their own knowledge and conceal the truth.#
*** The Jews of the Madina where Muhammad and his followers became guests, at first welcomed his attempts to convert the pagan Arabs to monotheism.
If this were not the case, they would not have harboured and protected him against his own tribe of Quraysh. They recognized in him a kindred spirit not for themselves but only for the pagan Arabs since he had nothing superior or equal to offer them than their Torah.
It was because the Jews of Madina knew that Muhammad was becoming a dangerous charlatan that they refused to believe in him or his message.
In fact, this verse shows his incredible admiration for their intimate learning and knowledge of the Torah equal to their knowledge of their own children. This verse is repeated in 6:20 and it was exactly because "…know this as they know their own sons…" that they refused to believe in him or his message ***
147>The truth is from thy Lord so be not at all in doubt.
148To each is a goal to which Allah turns him; then strive together (as in a race) toward all that is good. Wheresoever ye are Allah will bring you together. For Allah hath power over all things.
149From whencesoever thou startest forth turn thy face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque; that is indeed the truth from thy Lord. And Allah is not unmindful of what ye do.
# The simile of a race is continued, and so the Qibla command is repeated from that point of view. In ii. 144 it was mentioned as the new symbol of the new nation (Muslim): now it is shown as the symbol of Good, at which we should all aim, from whichever point we started, e.g., as Jews or Christians, or our individual point of view; the Qibla will unite us as a symbol of the Goal of the Future. In ii. 150 below, it is repeated: First for the individual, on the ground of uniformity and the removal of all occasions of dispute and argument; and secondly for the Muslim people, on the same ground, as a matter of discipline. There is another little harmony in the matter of the repetitions. Note that the race and starting point argument begins at ii. 149 and is rounded off in the latter part of ii. 150. The latter argument includes the former, and is more widely worded: "wheresoever ye are": which in the Arabic expression would imply three things; in whatever circumstances ye are, or at whatever time ye are, or in whatever place ye are. I have spoken before of a sort of musical harmony in verbal repetitions: here there is a sort of pictorial harmony, as of a larger circle symmetrically including a smaller concentric circle#
*** Although both the Quran and the above interpreter confirm that all those who believe in the One and Only God are Muslimoon (Muslims),yet they have not once included the Jews among them.
Why not? After all, it was the Hebrews who were the first in the world to conceive of and believe in the One and Only Invisible God and whose descendants are the Jews.
Why are the Jews so consistently and deliberately excluded by the so called egalitarian and none discriminating religion of Islam?
Why do theMuhammadansarrogate the term'Muslims' only to themselves hence excluding all other Monotheists such as Hanifs,'Sabeans' ,some Christian sects and theJews? ***
150 So from whence so ever thou startest forth turn thy face in the direction of the Sacred Mosque; among where so ever ye are turn your face thither that there be no ground of dispute against you among the people except those of them that are bent on wickedness; so fear them not but fear Me; and that I may complete My favors on you and ye may (consent to) be guided.
*** The mention once more of the 'Sacred Mosque' is misapplied since there was no Mosque/masjid in the whole of Arabia let alone Mecca before Muhammad had controlled the area.
Repeatedly and ad nauseum, Allah demands only FEAR from his followers and not LOVE ***
151A similar (favor have ye already received) in that We have sent among you an Apostle of your own rehearsing to you Our signs and sanctifying you and instructing you in Scripture and wisdom and in new Knowledge.
# This verse should be read with ii. 150., of which the sentence is here completed. The argument is that in the grant of the Ka'ba Qibla, God was perfecting religion and fulfilling the prayer for the future made by Abraham. That prayer was threefold: (1) That Mecca should be made a sacred Sanctuary (ii. 126); (2) that a truly believing (Muslim) nation should be raised, with places of devotion there (ii 128); and (3) that an Apostle should be sent among the Arabs with certain qualities (ii. 129), which are set out there and again repeated here to complete the argument.#
*** From the historical point of view based upon the Biblical narrative, Abraham was never in Mecca or near the Ka'ba since he sojourned between Canaan and Egypt only.
The Quran also makes it clear that before it, the pagan Arabs had no knowledge of previous Scriptures and could not have had in their 'traditions' anything pertaining to the Bible. Both of the above contradict all Quranic and the interpreter's assertions that the 'Arabian tradition' had knowledge of Abraham.
It is a recorded fact that the most famous pagan Arabian poems NEVER mention any of the Biblical characters and especially not Abraham or Ishmael. They do not even mention the Kaba or Mecca ***
152>Then do ye remember Me; I will remember you. Be grateful to Me and reject not faith
# The word "remember" is too pale a word for zikr, which has now acquired a large number of associations in our religious literature, especially Sufi literature. In its verbal signification it implies: to remember; to praise by frequently mentioning; to rehearse; to celebrate or commemorate; to make much of; to cherish the memory of as a precious possession. In Sufi devotions zikr represents both a solemn ritual and a spiritual state of mind or heart, in which the devotee seeks to realise the presence of God. Thus there is zikr of the mind and zikr of the heart. For beginners the one may lead to the other, but in many cases the two may be simultaneous. There is a subtler distinction, between the zikr that is open, and the zikr that is secret, corresponding to the two doors of the heart, the fleshly and the spiritual. In English some account (very imperfect) of zikr will be found in Hughe's Dictionary of Islam, covering over 14 columns.#
*** This is only a copy of God's order to the Israelites to remember him at all times. The wearing of the Tefillin is such a consequence.
Exodus 13:9 " and it shall be for you a sign on your arm and a reminder between your eyes ---" ***
153O ye who believe! seek help with patient perseverance and prayer: for Allah is with those who patiently persevere.
154>And say not of those who are slain in the way of Allah: "They are dead." Nay they are living though ye perceive (it) not.
*** All those believers who die fighting against all none believers do not actually 'die' because they will 'live' forever in Allah's paradise enjoying its carnal and sensual pleasures.
Muhammadan Islam has no concept of the spirit world but only of the physical one***
155>Be sure We shall test you with something of fear and hunger some loss in goods or lives or the fruits (of your toil) but give glad tidings to those who patiently persevere.
156>Who say when afflicted with calamity: "To Allah we belong and to Him is our return."
157>They are those on whom (descend) blessings from Allah and Mercy and they are the ones that receive guidance.
158Behold! Safa and Marwa are among the Symbols of Allah. So if those who visit the house in the season or at other times should compass them round it is no sin in them. And if anyone obeyeth his own impulse to good be sure that Allah is He Who recogniseth and knoweth.
#160 The virtue of patient perseverance in faith leads to the mention of two symbolic monuments of that virtue. These are the two little hills of Safa and Marwa now absorbed in the city of Mecca, and close to the well of Zam-zam. Here, according to tradition, the lady Hajar, mother of the infant Ismail, prayed for water in the parched desert, and in her eager quest round these hills, she found her prayer answered and saw the Zam-zam spring. Unfortunately the Pagan Arabs had placed a male and a female idol here, and their gross and superstitious rites caused offence to the early Muslims. They felt some hesitation in going round these places during the Pilgrimage. As a matter of fact they should have known that the Ka'ba (the House of God) had been itself defiled with idols, and was sanctified again by the purity of Muhammad's life and teaching. The lesson is that the most sacred things may be turned to the basest uses; that we are not therefore necessarily to ban a thing misused; that if our intentions and life are pure, God will recognise them even if the world cast stones at us because of some evil associations which they join with what we do, or with the people we associate with, or with the places which claim our reverence. (2.158)161 The House - the Sacred Mosque, the Ka'ba. The Season of regular Hajj culminates in the visit to Arafat on the ninth day of the month of Zul-hajj, followed by the circumambulation of the Ka'ba. A visit to the Sacred Mosque and the performance of the rites of pilgrimage at any other time is called an Umra. The symbolic rites are the same in either case, except that the Arafat rites are omitted in the Umra. The Safa and Marwa are included among the Monuments, as pointing to one of the highest of Muslim virtues. (2.158)162 The impulse should be to Good; if once we are sure of this, we must obey it without hesitation, whatever people may say#
*** The Muhammadan theologians use the MANTRA"according to tradition…" in a very flippant manner knowing full well that there were no such traditions among the pagan Arabs.
All these alleged 'traditions'were concocted during the 300 yearsafter the death of Muhammad to give his 'theology' and themselves an aura of 'divine sanctity' where actually none ever existed.
There is not a single human being on earth, whether Muhammadan or not, who can bring any proofs for such allegations.
It is the Quran itself, after all, which asserts in no uncertain terms, in numerous verses that neither Muhammad nor the pagan Arabs had any knowledge of PREVIOUS REVELATIONSprior to the Quran.
This verse was - as usual - conveniently 'descended'to Muhammad so as to 'Islamise'another set of important pagan Arabian traditions so that they continue their pagan method of venerating the goddess Manat by conveniently replacing her with Allah as reported by Aisha, Muhammadf's wife in
Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadith 6.384 Narrated by Urwa
I asked 'Aisha (regarding the Sai between As Safa and Al-Marwa). She said, "Out of reverence to the idol Manatwhich was placed in Al-Mushailal, those who used to assume Ihram in its name, used not to perform Sai between As-Safa and Al-Marwa, so Allah revealed:
'Verily! The As-Safa and Al-Marwa (two mountains at Mecca) are among the symbols of Allah.' (2.158).
Thereupon, Allah's Apostle and the Muslims used to perform Sai (between them)." Sufyan said: "The (idol) Manat was at Al-Mushailal in Qudaid." 'Aisha added, "The in the name of Manat before they embraced Islam." 'Aisha added, "There were men from the Ansar who used to assume Ihram in the name of Manat which was an idol between Mecca and Medina. They said, "O Allah's Apostle! We used not to perform the Tawaf (Sai) between As-Safa and Al-Marwa out of reverence to Manat."
According to this narrator's explanation in2077 for 16:51, the idols of Safa and Marwa were called Isaf & Nayla ***
159Those who conceal the clear (Signs) We have sent down and the guidance after We have made it clear for the people in the book [Bible] on them shall be Allah's curse and the curse of those entitled to curse.
*** Allah gave not a single clear sign to anyone regarding the veracity of the Quran or Muhammad.The only items that humanity has, are verses that Muhammad, and he alone, alleged came to him 'revealed'through the angel Gabriel.
Unfortunately, these 'revelations' contradict and do not agree with those actually on record in the Bible.
Unsubstantiated contradictions are not proof of veracity.
It is up to the followers of Muhammadto prove their allegations based upon documented history and not wishful and fanciful thinking ***
160>Except those who repent and make amends and openly declare (the truth) to them I turn; for I am Oft-Returning Most Merciful.
161>Those who reject faith and die rejecting on them is Allah's curse and the curse of angels and of all mankind.
162They will abide therein: Their penalty will not be lightened nor will respite be their (lot).
163>And your Allah [Ilahakum] is one Allah [Ilahan]; there is no god [Ilah] but He Most Gracious Most Merciful.
*** The translation of the verse above was deliberately falsified so as to render a different meaning since the name of Allah does not appear at all in this verse.
The translator wants to give the untrue impression that Allahmeans God. This verse is plagiarised from
Isaiah 45: 21" Declare, and bring them near; yes, let them take counsel together; Who has declared this from ancient time? Who has told it from that time? Did not I the Lord? And there is no other God beside me; a just God and a savior; there is none beside me"***
164>Behold! In the creation of the heavens and the earth; in the alternation of the night and the day; in the sailing of the ships through the ocean for the profit of mankind; in the rain which Allah sends down from the skies and the life which He gives therewith to an earth that is dead; in the beasts of all kinds that He scatters through the earth; in the change of the winds and the clouds which they trail like their slaves between the sky and the earth; (here) indeed are signs for a people that are wise.
165>Yet there are men who take (for worship) others besides Allah as equal (with Allah); they love them as they should love Allah. But those of faith are overflowing in their love for Allah. If only the unrighteous could see behold they would see the penalty that to Allah belongs all power and Allah will strongly enforce the penalty.
166Then would those who are followed clear themselves of those who follow (them); they would see the penalty and all relations between them would be cut off.
167And those who followed would say: "If only we had one more chance we would clear ourselves of them as they have cleared themselves of us." Thus will Allah show them (the fruits of) their deeds as (nothing but) regrets nor will there be a way for them out of the fire.
168>O ye people! eat of what is on earth lawful and good; and do not follow the footsteps of the evil one for he is to you an avowed enemy.
*** This is a copy of the instructions given in the Bible to the Israelites regarding food prohibitions without any reference to the 'evil one' who does not exist***
169For he commands you what is evil and shameful and that ye should say of Allah that of which ye have no knowledge.
170When it is said to them: "Follow what Allah hath revealed" they say: "Nay! we shall follow the ways of our fathers." What! even though their fathers were void of wisdom and guidance?
171The parable of those who reject faith is as if one were to shout like a goat-herd to things that listen to nothing but calls and cries; deaf dumb and blind they are void of wisdom.
172>O ye who believe! eat of the good things that We have provided for you and be grateful to Allah if it is Him ye worship.
173>He hath only forbidden you dead meat and blood and the flesh of swine and that on which any other name hath been invoked besides that of Allah but if one is forced by necessity without wilful disobedience nor transgressing due limits then is he guiltless. For Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.
# Dead meat: maitat: carrion; animal that dies of itself; the original Arabic has a slightly wider meaning given to it in Fiqh (Religious Law); anything that dies of itself and is not expressly killed for food with the Takbir duly pronounced on it. But there are exceptions, e.g., fish and locusts are lawful, though they have not been made specially halal with the Takbir. But even fish or locusts as carrion would be obviously ruled out.174 For prohibited foods, cf. also Q. v. 4-5; vi. 121, 138-146; etc. The teachers of Fiqh (Religious Law) work out the details with great elaboration. My purpose is to present general principles, not technical details. Carrion or dead meat and blood as articles of food would obviously cause disgust to any refined person. So would swine's flesh where the swine live on offal. Where swine are fed artifically on clean food, the objections remain: (1) that they are filthy animals in other respects, and the flesh of filthy animals taken as food affects the eater; (2) that swine's flesh has more fat than muscle-building material; and (3) that it is more liable to disease than other kinds of meat; e.g., trichinosis, characterised by hair-like worms in the muscular tissue. As to food dedicated to idols or false gods, it is obviously unseemly for the Children of Unity to partake of it#
*** The Muhammadan food prohibitions are copies with some appropriate changes of the dietry laws prescribed in the Bible.
Leviticus 11:3" Nevertheless these shall you not eat of those that chew the cud, or of those that divide the hoof 4 the camel, because it chews the cud, but its hoof is not parted; it is unclean to you"
Because the Camel was so vital for the livelihood of the Bedouins,it was not made a prohibited food in the Quran unlike the blood prohibition as in
Deut 12:16."Only you shall not eat the blood; you shall pour it upon the earth like water".
All Muhammadans are allowed to eat (Kosher) food of the Jews ***
174>Those who conceal Allah's revelations in the Book and purchase for them a miserable profit they swallow into themselves naught but fire; Allah will not address them on the Day of Resurrection nor purify them; grievous will be their penalty.
*** The Book, in this instance, can only be the Bible since the Quran when 'descended' to Muhammad was oral and not written. The Quran is accusing the Jews and Christians of concealing the truth about Muhammad from their books.
The accusation is of course UNTRUE since Muhammad is NEVER mentioned or hinted at in either the Bible or the New Testament***
175They are the ones who buy error in place of guidance and torment in place of forgiveness. Ah! what boldness (they show) for the Fire!
176> (Their doom is) because Allah sent down the Book in truth but those who seek causes of dispute in the Book are in a schism far (from the purpose).
177>It is not righteousness that ye turn your faces toward East or West; but it is righteousness to believe in Allah and the Last Day and the Angels and the Book and the Messengers; to spend of your substance out of love for Him for your kin for orphans for the needy for the wayfarer for those who ask and for the ransom of slaves; to be steadfast in prayer and practice regular charity; to fulfil the contracts which ye have made; and to be firm and patient in pain (or suffering) and adversity and throughout all periods of panic. Such are the people of truth the Allah-fearing.
178>O ye who believe! the law of equality is prescribed to you in cases of murder; the free for the free the slave for the slave the woman for the woman. But if any remission is made by the brother of the slain then grant any reasonable demand and compensate him with handsome gratitude; this is a concession and a Mercy from your Lord. After this whoever exceeds the limits shall be in grave penalty.
#182 Note first that this verse and the next make it clear that Islam has much mitigated the horrors of the pre-Islamic custom of retaliation. In order to meet the strict claims of justice, equality is prescribed, with a strong recommendation for mercy and forgiveness. To translate qisas, therefore, by retaliation, is I think incorrect. The Latin legal term Lex Talionsis may come near it, but even that is modified here. In any case it is best to avoid technical terms for things that are very different. "Retaliation" in English has a wider meaning, equivalent almost to returning evil for evil, and would more fitly apply to the blood-feuds of the Days of Ignorance. Islam says: if you must take a life for a life, at least there should be some measure of equality in it; the killing of the slave of a tribe should not involve a blood feud where many free men would be killed; but the law of mercy, where it can be obtained by consent, with reasonable compensation, would be better.183 The jurists have carefully laid down that the law of qisas refers to murder only. Qisas is not applicable to manslaughter,due to a mistake or an accident. There, there would be no capital punishment.184 The brother: the term is perfectly general; all men are brothers in Islam. In this, and in all questions of inheritance, females have similar rights to males, and therefore the masculine gender imports both sexes. Here we are considering the rights of the heirs in the light of the larger brotherhood. In ii. 178-79 we have the rights of the heirs to life (as it were): in ii. 180-82 we proceed to the heirs to property.185 The demand should be such as can be met by the party concerned, i.e., within his means, and reasonable according to justice and good conscience. For example, a demand could not be made affecting the honour of a woman or a man. The whole penalty can be remitted if the aggrieved party agrees, out of brotherly love. In meeting that demand the culprit or his friends should equally be generous and recognise the good-will of the other side. There should be no subterfuges, no bribes, no unseemly by-play: otherwise the whole intention of mercy and peace is lost#
*** Most of the 'Isalmic' criminal and religious laws are copied either in toto or modified from the Torah and rabbinical writings. The pagan Arabs resorted to the blood feud to resolve their problems as their history and the Quran attest. The Quran did not by itself come to these laws as if from a vacuum; it was surrounded by Jews and Christians(the Bible) from whom it formed its appropriate laws ***
179>In the law of equality there is (saving of) life to you O ye men of understanding!
180>It is prescribed when death approaches any of you if he leave any goods that he make a bequest to parents and next of kin according to reasonable usage; this is due from the Allah-fearing.
181>If anyone changes the bequest after hearing it the guilt shall be on those who make the change. For Allah hears and knows all things.
182>But if anyone fears partiality or wrong-doing on the part of the testator and makes peace between (the parties concerned) there is no wrong in him; for Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.
183>O ye who believe! fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you that ye may (learn) self-restraint.
#188 As it was prescribed: this does not mean that the Muslim fast is like the other fasts previously observed, in the number of days, in the time or manner of the fast, or in other incidents; it only means that the principle of self-denial by fasting is not a new one#
*** Although fasting as prescribed in the Quran is different from that of the Jews and Christians, none the less, it emulated them since the pagan Arabs - excluding the Sabeans - had no such feasts.
The Hadith stories are full of reports of an earlier day of fasting identical to the Day of Atonement of the Jews, called Ashurah which falls on the 10th day of Muharram.This fast was followed by Muhammad and his Muhajiroun while among the Jews of the Madina for as long as Muhammad thought he could convert the Jews to follow him.
When they refused to do so, he created his own period and method of fasting not much dissimilar to that of the pagan Arabs ***
184> (Fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill or on a journey the prescribed number (should be made up) from days later. For those who can do it (with hardship) is a ransom the feeding of one that is indigent. But he that will give more of his own free will it is better for him and it is better for you that ye fast if ye only knew
*** The provision for the man who is ill or on a journey, permitting him to keep the fast for another day, is plagiarized from that mentioned in Numbers 9:9-11***
185 Ramadan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur'an as a guide to mankind also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (between right and wrong). So everyone of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting but if anyone is ill or on a journey the prescribed period (should be made up) by days later. Allah intends every facility for you He does not want to put you to difficulties.(He wants you) to complete the prescribed period and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful.
*** Almost the entirety of pagan Arabian rituals and fetishes were totally incorporated by Arabian Islam with one exception: the pagan Arabs had to renounce all their multitudes of gods except their most important one, Allah.
The Arabic word (L'il Nass) in this verse has been deliberately mistranslated to encompass the whole of (Mankind). It was meant only for the pagan Arabs who were converting to the beliefs of Muhammad.***
186When my servants ask thee concerning Me I am indeed close (to them); I listen to the prayer of every suppliant when he calleth on Me; let them also with a will listen to My call and believe in Me; that they may walk in the right way.
187> Permitted to you on the night of the fasts is the approach to your wives. They are your garments. And ye are their garments. Allah knoweth what ye used to do secretly among yourselves; but He turned to you and forgave you; so now associate with them and seek what Allah hath ordained for you and eat and drink until the white thread of dawn appear to you distinct from its black thread; then complete your fast till the night appears; but do not associate with your wives while ye are in retreat in the mosques. Those are limits (set by) Allah; approach not nigh thereto. Thus doth Allah make clear His signs to men that they
#195 Men and women are each other's garments: i.e., they are for mutual support, mutual comfort, and mutual protection, fitting into each other as a garment fits the body. A garment also is both for show and concealment. The question of sex is always delicate to handle: here we are told that even in such matters a clear, open, and honest course is better than fraud or self-deception. The sex instinct is classed with eating and drinking, an animal thing to be restrained, but not to be ashamed of. The three things are prohibited during the fast by day, but permitted after the fast is broken at night till the next fast commences#
*** These rules and regulations were plagiarized and adapted with some modifications from their originals in the Bible and Rabbinical teachings especially the hour when the fast starts as in
Mishna Berakot I,2 "the beginning of the day is at the moment when one can but distinguish a blue thread from a white thread" (Parts of the tsit tsit worn by religious male Jews) cannot be just a striking coincidence. They are neither revolutionary nor new laws and ideas except of course to the pagan Arabs***
188And do not eat up your property among yourselves for vanities nor use it as bait for the judges with intent that ye may eat up wrongfully and knowingly a little of (other) people's property.
189>They ask thee concerning the new moons. Say: they are but signs to mark fixed periods of time in (the affairs of) men and for pilgrimage. It is no virtue if ye enter your houses from the back; it is virtue if ye fear Allah. Enter houses through the proper doors and fear Allah that ye may prosper.
*** This is another remarkable Quranic verse in which a human custom or tradition is stated to be the cause of a natural phenomenon: presumably, the moon waxes and wanes so that Muhammad and his followers would know when to go on pilgrimage.
Even Tafsir al Jalalayn makes the absurd comments that the reason for the moon's phases is to inform the 'Muslims' of the right time for sowing, reaping, pilgrimage, fasting etc dispite the fact that the agricultural seasons can much more practically be followed by a solar and not a lunar calendar***
190 Fight in the cause of Allah those who fight you but do not transgress limits; for Allah loveth not transgressors.
#204 War is only permissible in self-defence, and under well-defined limits. When undertaken, it must be pushed with vigour, but not relentlessly, but only to restore peace and freedom for the worship of God. In any case strict limits must not be transgressed: women, children, old and infirm men should not be molested, nor trees and crops cut down, nor peace withheld when the enemy comes to terms#
*** War in defense of 'Islam' is called 'Jihad' meaning struggle against oppression. In the earlier Meccan verses of the Quan it is supposed to be in self defense - especially in the territory of Arabia - and not as an act of aggression.
Muhammad later on used this term against the Qurayshalthough, in fact, it was he who was the initiator of all acts of war against his tribe and later on, upon all the other tribes of Arabia.
Jihad became in reality not self defense but a 'sanctified' excuse for aggression.Arab and Muhammadan histories clearly confirm this.
The new 'Muslim' polity became a warmongering and aggressive military machine with the most primal and common of all human deficiencies propelling it: Greed and Power ***
191And slay them wherever ye catch them and turn them out from where they have turned you out; for tumult and oppression are worse than slaughter; but fight them not at the Sacred Mosque unless they (first) fight you there; but if they fight you slay them. Such is the reward of those who suppress faith.
#205 This passage is illustrated by the events that happened at Hudaibiya in the sixth year of the Hijra, though it is not clear that it was revealed on that occasion. The Muslims were by this time a strong and influential community. Many of them were exiles from Mecca, where the Pagans had established an intolerant autocracy, persecuting Muslims, preventing them from visiting their homes, and even keeping them out by force from performing the Pilgrimage during the universally recognised period of truce. This was intolerance, oppression, and autocracy to the last degree, and the mere readiness of the Muslims to enforce their rights as Arab citizens resulted without bloodshed in an agreement which the Muslims faithfully observed. The Pagans, however, had no scruples in breaking faith, and it is unnecessary here to go into subsequent events#
*** The interpreter condemns the community in Mecca for being antagonistic to the new 'Muslim' faith without explaining that this new faith was a threat to an established pagan religion which had existed in Arabia for centuries before Muhammad's 'new revelations'.
He also speaks of the rights of Arab citizens (the Muslims) conveniently forgetting the rights of the other Arab citizens: the pagans, Jews and Christians who were subsequently deprived of their lives, liberties, assets and freedom by the same 'aggrieved Muslims'.
Most of the interpreters of this verse give the green light to all 'Muslims' to fight against all none Muhammadans anywhere and everywhere in the world.
Pretending to be victims of aggression became a staple diet that Muhammadans use to justify their own acts of aggression against those who are not of their belief.
The Treaty of Hudaibiya between Muhammad and the Quraysh was subsequently broken unilaterally by Muhammad although the other side kept to its letter.
The breaking of treaties solemnly signed and agreed to by himself and subsequently by his followers with none Muhammadans, became the norm in the following centuries.
The above verse is one among many which ABROGATED all previous conciliatory verses that were 'revealed' in Mecca.
Muhammadan Islam is a warmongering and hatemongering, racist and aggressive belief system as its subsequent record of history clearly confirms ***
192 But if they cease Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.
193And fight them on until there is no more tumult or oppression and there prevail justice and faith in Allah; but if they cease let there be no hostility except to those who practice oppression.
#War is only permissible in self-defence, and under well-defined limits. When undertaken, it must be pushed with vigour, but not relentlessly, but only to restore peace and freedom for the worship of God. In any case strict limits must not be transgressed: women, children, old and infirm men should not be molested, nor trees and crops cut down, nor peace withheld when the enemy comes to terms#
*** The interpreter is, as usual, deceiving the reader by misrepresenting the facts of history.The followers of Muhammad did not heed this prohibition - as well as most of the others in the Quran - and instead they made aggression a way of life.
In 100 years of aggression,the Arabs conquered, destroyed, subjugated and enslaved millions of people from the Atlantic to China.
All of these peoples had no conflict with the Arabs to start with. All these conquests were never conducted in self defence but were purely acts of wanton aggression***
194The prohibited month for the prohibited month and so for all things prohibited there is the law of equality. If then anyone transgresses the prohibition against you transgress ye likewise against him. But fear Allah and know that Allah is with those who restrain themselves
#209 Haram - prohibited, sacred. The month of Pilgrimage (Zul-hajj) was a sacred month, in which warfare was prohibited by Arab custom. The month preceding (Zul-qad) and the month following (Muharram) were included in the prohibition, and Muharram was specially called al-Haram. Possibly Muharram is meant in the first line, and the other months and other prohibited things in "all things prohibited". In Rajab, also, war was prohibited. If the pagan enemies of Islam broke that custom and made war in the prohibited months, the Muslims were free also to break that custom but only to the same extent as the other broke it. Similarly the territory of Mecca was sacred, in which war was prohibited. If the enemies of Islam broke that custom, the Muslims were free to do so to that extent. Any convention is useless if one party does not respect it. There must be a law of equality. Or perhaps the word reciprocity may express it better#
*** The pagan Arabs were generally very faithful in observing the forbidden months and the sanctity of both the Ka'ba and Mecca throughout all their generations.
First, it was Muhammad who broke any and all the Arabian traditions to fulfil his lust for power.
Second, it was his followers, the so called 'Muslims' who, during the civil wars that followed his death, were the ones who did not hesitate to break all the laws of prohibitions by attacking Mecca twice and burning the Ka'ba as well as committing rape and pillage in the Madina and bringing death and destruction against what were supposed to be the holiest cities in 'Islam'.
The total disregard of many of the Quranic instructions by the followers of Muhammad has continued unabated to this day ***
195And spend of your substance in the cause of Allah and make not your own hands contribute to your destruction but do good; for Allah loveth those who do good.
196And complete the Hajj or `Umra in the service of Allah. But if ye are prevented (from completing it) send an offering for sacrifice such as ye may find and do not shave your heads until the offering reaches the place of sacrifice. And if any of you is ill or has an ailment in his scalp (necessitating shaving) (he should) in compensation either fast or feed the poor or offer sacrifice; and when ye are in peaceful conditions (again) if anyone wishes to continue the 'Umra on to the Hajj he must make an offering such as he can afford it he should fast three days during the Hajj and seven days on his return making ten days in all. This is for those whose household is not in (the precincts of) the Sacred Mosque. And fear Allah and know that Allah is strict in punishment.
*** It must be made clear to the reader that the rite of Hajj was part and parcel of the pagan Arabian religion centuries before Muhammad 'islamised' it and subsumed into his own theology just like he did to almost all of their other beliefs and fetishes ***
197For Hajj are the months well known. If anyone undertakes that duty therein let there be no obscenity nor wickedness nor wrangling in the Hajj. And whatever good ye do (be sure) Allah knoweth it. And take a provision (with you) for the journey but the best of provisions is right conduct. So fear Me O ye that are wise.!
#217 The months well known: the months of Shawwal, Zul-qa'da, and Zul-hijja (up to the 10th or the 13th) are set apart for the rites of Hajj. That is to say, the first rites may begin as early as the beginning of Shawwal, with a definite approach to Mecca, but the chief rites are concentrated on the first ten days of Zul-hijja, and specially on the 8th, 9th and 10th of that month, when the concourse of pilgrims reaches its height. The chief rites may be briefly enumerated: (1) the wearing of the pilgrim garment (ihram) from certain points definitely fixed on all the roads to Mecca; after this the pilgrimage prohibitions come into operation and the pilgrim is dedicated to worship and prayer and the denial of vanities: (2) the going round the Ka'ba seven times (tawaf), typifying activity, with the kissing of the little Black Stone built into the wall, the symbol of concentration in the love of God; (3) After a short prayer at the Station of Abraham (Q. ii. 125), the pilgrim goes to the hills Safa and Marwa (Q. ii. 158), the symbols of patience and perserverance; (4) the great Sermon (Khutba) on the 7th of Zul-hijja, when the whole assembly listens to an exposition of the meaning of Hajj; (5) the visit on the eighth, of the whole body of pilgrims to the Valley of Mina (about six miles north of Mecca), where the pilgrims halt and stay the night, proceeding on the ninth to the plain and hill of Arafat, about five miles further north, which commemorates the reunion of Adam and Eve after their wanderings, and is also called the Mount of Mercy; (6) the tenth day, the Id Day, the day of Sacrifice, when the sacrifice is offered in the Valley of Mina, and the symbolic ceremony of casting seven stones at the Evil One is performed on the first occasion; it is continued on subsequent days; both rites are connected with the story of Abraham; this is the Id-ul-Adhha; note that the ceremony is symbolically connected with the rejection of evil in thought, word, and deed. This closes the Pilgrimage, but a stay of two or three days after this is recommended, and this is called Tashriq. (2.197) 218 It is recommended that pilgrims should come with provisions, so that they should not be compelled to resort to begging. But, as usual, our thought is directed at once from the physical to the spiritual. If provisions are required for a journey on earth, how much more important to provide for the final journey into the future world? The best of such provisions is right conduct, which is the same as the fear of God#
*** It should be pointed out that verses 197-200 reflect the pilgrimage traditions that were already present in the Arabian Peninsula among the Pagans with their four Holy Truce months of (dhu al Qa'dah, dhu al Hijjah, Muharram and Rajab).
The first three were religious ones while the fourth was set for trade. Muhammad continued a similar policy but modified it to suit the new idiology, in this manner made converting to 'Islam' among the pagan Arabs extremely easy since very little was changed from their centuries old traditions.The interpreter of these verses also concurs regarding the pagan origins of these traditions ***
198It is no crime in you if ye seek of the bounty of your Lord (during Pilgrimage). Then when ye pour down from (Mount) Arafat celebrate the praises of Allah at the Sacred Monument and celebrate His praises as He has directed you even though before this ye went astray.
#219 Legitimate trade is allowed, in the interests both of the honest trader, who can thus meet his own expenses, and of the generality of pilgrims, who would otherwise be greatly inconvenienced for the necessaries of life. But the profit must be sought as from the "bounty of God". There should be no profiteering, or trade "tricks". Good honest trade is a form of service to the community, and therefore to God. (2.198) 220 About midway between Arafat and Mina (see n. 217 to ii. 197) is a place called Muzdalifa where the Holy Apostle offered up a long prayer. It has thus become a Sacred Monument and pilgrims are directed to follow that example on their return. A special reason for this is given in the note following. (2.198) 221 Certain arrogant tribes living in Mecca used not to go to Arafat with the crowd but to stop short at Muzdalifa. They are rebuked for their arrogance and told that they must perform all the rites like the rest of the pilgrims. There is equality in Islam#
*** The interpreter of the Quran, like all of the others, does not explain to the reader that all the rites mentioned in this verse and the ones following, were part and parcel of the pagan Arabian tradition anyway. All of them were very conveniently 'Islamised' by Muhammad ***
199Then pass on at a quick pace from the place whence it is usual for the multitude so to do and ask for Allah's forgiveness. For Allah is Oft Forgiving Most Merciful.
200So when ye have accomplished your holy rites celebrate the praises of Allah as ye used to celebrate the praises of your fathers yea with far more heart and soul. There are men who say: "Our Lord! give us (thy bounties) in this world!" but they will have no portion in the hereafter.
#223 After the Pilgrimage, in Pagan times, the pilgrims used to gather in assemblies in which the praises of ancestors were sung. As the whole of the pilgrimage rites were spiritualised in Islam, so this aftermath of the pilgrimage was also spiritualised. It was recommended for pilgrims to stay on two or three days after the pilgrimage, but they must use them in prayer and praise to God. See ii. 203 below. (2.200) 224 If you hasten to get all the good things of the world, and only think of them and pray for them, you would lose the higher things of the future. The proper Muslim attitude is neither to renounce this would nor to be so engrossed in it as to forget the spiritual future#
*** Again and again, the Quran says".. as you used to …"Making it crystal clear that the pagan Arabs were only following their ancestral traditions but in an 'Islamic' mode.
Nothing substantial has actually changed between the paganism of the Jahiliya and the current version of Muhammadan Islam ***
201And there are men who say: "Our Lord! give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and defend us from the torment on the fire!"
202To these will be allotted what they have earned and Allah is quick in account.
*** The Quran repeatedly asserts that, whatever good or bad deed the Muhammadans make in life, are Pre-DESTINED.
If this is the case, then Islam, or any other religion, becomes utterly irrelevant under these conditions rendering the purpose for the existence of all the prophets useless and redundant including and especially that of Muhammad as this was his concept after all ***
203Celebrate the praises of Allah during the Appointed Days but if anyone hastens to leave in two days there is no blame on him and if anyone stays on there is no blame on him if his aim is to do right. Then fear Allah and know that ye will surely be gathered unto Him.
*** It must be pointed out here also, that for centuries before Muhammad,Allah was the NAME of one of the most important of the gods in the pantheon of Mecca in the first place.
It was Muhammad who instructed his followers to believe in and allow only this god to be the 'One and Only Allah' of his followers. It is because of this common knowledge to the Pagan Arabs, that the Quran mentions the name Allah, without having to explain it ***
204There is the type of man whose speech about this world's life may dazzle thee and he calls Allah to witness about what is in his heart; yet is he the most contentious of enemies.
*** This is the most remarkable verse in the Quran since it describes Muhammad perfectly. ***
205> When he turns his back his aim everywhere is to spread mischief through the earth and destroy crops and cattle. But Allah loveth not mischief.
206When it is said to him "Fear Allah" he is led by arrogance to (more) crime. Enough for him is Hell; an evil bed indeed (to lie on)!
207>And there is the type of man who gives his life to earn the pleasure of Allah; and Allah is full of kindness to (His) devotees.
208>O ye who believe! enter into Islam whole-heartedly; and follow not the footsteps of the
Evil One; for he is to you an avowed enemy.
209If ye backslide after the clear (signs) have come to you then know that Allah is Exalted in Power Wise.
210Will they wait until Allah comes to them in canopies of clouds with angels (in His train) and the question is (thus) settled? But to Allah do all questions go back (for decision).
211Ask the Children of Israel how many Clear (Signs) We have sent them. But if anyone after Allah's favor has come to him substitutes (something else) Allah is strict in punishment.
212The life of this world is alluring to those who reject faith and they scoff at those who believe. But the righteous will be above them on the Day of Resurrection; for Allah bestows His abundance without measures on whom He will.
213>Mankind was one single nation and Allah sent Messengers with glad tidings and warnings; and with them He sent the Book in truth to judge between people in matters wherein they differed; but the People of the Book [Bible] after the clear Signs came to them did not differ among themselves except through selfish contumacy. Allah by His Grace guided the believers to the truth concerning that wherein they differed. For Allah guides whom He will to a path that is straight.
*** The unity and brotherhood of mankind is not a 'Muslim' invention or enlightened precept.
It is inherent in the Hebrew Biblical narratives of Adam and Eve and later of Noah and his descendants. The pagan Arabs had no knowledge of any of these stories nor did they have them in any of their traditions ***
214>Or do ye think that ye shall enter the Garden (of Bliss) without such (trials) as to those who passed away before you? They encountered suffering and adversity and were so shaken in spirit that even the Apostle and those of faith who were with him cried: "When (will come) the help of Allah?" Ah! verily the help of Allah is (always) near!
*** 'The Garden of Bliss'/ Paradise is called 'Jannah' in Arabic. It is derived from the Hebrew'Gan' meaning 'Grove'. Before the Quran, the pagan Arabs had neither the concept nor knowledge of such an afterlife.
As usual, Muhammad plagiarized and added this Jewish tradition as an extremely important theme in his new 'theology' ***
215>They ask thee what they should spend (in charity). Say: Whatever ye spend that is good is for parents and kindred and orphans and those in want and for wayfarers. And whatever ye do that is good Allah knoweth it well.
216Fighting is prescribed for you and ye dislike it. But it is possible that ye dislike a thing which is good for you and that ye love a thing which is bad for you. But Allah knoweth and ye know not
# 236 To fight in the cause of Truth is one of the highest forms of charity. What can you offer that is more precious than your own life? But here again the limitations come in. If you are a mere brawler, or a selfish aggressive person, or a vainglorious bully, you deserve the highest censure. If you offer your life to the righteous Iman, who is only guided by God, you are an unselfish here. God knows the value of things better than you do#
*** War is a prescribed item in the Quran. It is supposed to be done only in self-defense and not for aggression. Unfortunately, this precept like many others, was deliberately overlooked by Muhammad and later on by his followers, in their stampede for fortunes, booty and rape.
Here Muhammad, as was his mode of operation, is completely removing all blame from himself for having started the fighting, by blaming it all on his victims ***
The most insidious and devilish implication of this verse is that Allahis completely justifyingMuhammad'smurder of the innocentMeccans.
Over and above this, Muhammad is indicating that warfare was hateful to many of his followers, but that he instigated it none the less because it was allegedly ordained by Allah.
The "Apostle of Peace" is sanctioned by themost compassionate and merciful Allah toSLAUGHTERall those who did notBELIEVEthat Muhammad was the apostle of Allah ***
217They ask thee concerning fighting in the Prohibited Month. Say: "Fighting therein is a grave (offence); but graver is it in the sight of Allah to prevent access to the path of Allah to deny Him to prevent access to the Sacred Mosque and drive out its members. Tumult and oppression are worse than slaughter. Nor will they cease fighting you until they turn you back from your faith if they can. And if any of you turn back from their faith and die in unbelief their works will bear no fruit in this life and in the Hereafter; they will be Companions of the Fire and will abide therein.
# 237 Prohibited Month: See ii. 194, n. 209. (2.217)238 The intolerance and persecution of the Pagan clique at Mecca caused untold hardships to the holy Messenger of Islam and his early disciples. They bore all with meekness and long-suffering patience until the holy one permitted them to take up arms in self-defence. Then they were twitted with breach of the custom about Prohibited Months, though they were driven to fight during that period against their own feeling in self defence. But their enemies not only forced them to engage in actual warfare, but interfered with their conscience, persecuted them and their families, openly insulted and denied God, kept out the Muslim Arabs from the Sacred Mosque, and exiled them. Such violence and intolerance are deservedly called worse than slaughter. (2.217)239 Cf. ii. 191, 193, where a similar phrase occurs. Fitna - trial, temptation, as in ii. 102; or tumult, sedition, oppression, as here; M.M.A., H.G.S., and M.P. translate "persecution" in this passage, which is also legitimate, seeing that persecution is the suppression of some opinion by violence, force, or threats#
*** It is important to note here that this Quranic verse is only a reflection or a repetition of what the pagan Arabs had as a prohibition in the first place. None the less, even this most sacred pagan and now Quranic prohibition was flouted by both Muhammad (Battle of Badr) and by his followers after his death even unto this day.
Most important of all, the reader must comprehend that it was Muhammad and his followers who were 'revolutionising', suppressing and supplanting all the traditions of the pagan Arabs and yet they are such incredible hypocrites and pathological liars as to accuse their victims, the people upon whom they were forcing their ideology, of aggression and betrayal.
Here Allah is clearly saying that to kill or create warfare in the sacred month of Rejeb is a very grave offence, which was the pagan attitude also. But, for Muhammad to justify his own violation of Allah's rules, he comes up with the excuse that since the people killed were unbelievers, it was perfectly legitimate to break this rule (or any other rule, for that matter).
The actual reason for the horrific murder of the innocent Meccans, is the fact that they did not believe in Muhammad's version of the concept of Allah. How much more tolerant and kind could the "Peace loving Prophet" be?***
218Those who believed and those who suffered exile and fought (and strove and struggled) in the path of Allah they have the hope of the Mercy of Allah; and Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.
219They ask thee concerning wine and gambling. Say: "In them is great sin [ithmu kabir] and some profit [manf'a] for men; but the sin [ithmuhuma] is greater than the profit [naf'ihima]" They ask thee how much they are to spend; say: "What is beyond your needs." Thus doth Allah make clear to you His Signs: in order that ye may consider.
# 240 Wine: Khamr: literally understood to mean the fermented juice of the grape; applied by analogy to all fermented liquor, and by further analogy to any intoxicating liquor or drug. There may possible be some benefit in it, but the harm is greater than the benefit, especially if we look at it from a social as well as an individual point of view#
*** The interpretation of the above verse is wrong since two of the most important words have been mistranslated. What is translated as (Profit) for the Arabic (Manf'a) should have been (Useful) and for (Sin) for the Arabic (I'thmu) should have been (Harmful) for the sentence to be meaningful in its original Arabic form.
The verse above does not prohibit [yuharrim] one from drinking wine but only points out that it is harmful to the person or at most a self inflicted sin. Getting drunk is not a sin against Allah; if it were, the verse would have been very explicit as it does with all other 'divine' prohibitions such as 4:23/4 and 16:118.
In fact 47:15 proves beyond a shadow of a doubt that drinking wine is NOT PROHIBITED-
47:15"(Here is) a Parable of the Garden which the righteous are promised: in it are rivers of water incorruptible: rivers of milk of which the taste never changes; rivers ofwine[khamr]a joy to those who drink; and rivers of honey pure and clear. In it there are for them all kinds of fruits and Grace from their Lord. (Can those in such Bliss) be compared to such as shall dwell for ever in the Fire and be given to drink boiling water so that it cuts up their bowels (to pieces)?"
In both verses, the word for wineis exactly the same, Khamr. It seems that the Quran and its interpreters would allow all believers to enjoy in death what they are supposed to miss and are prohibited in life ***
220>(Their bearings) on this life and the Hereafter. They ask thee concerning orphans. Say: "The best thing to do is what is for their good; if ye mix their affairs with yours they are your brethren; but Allah knows the man who means mischief from the man who means good. And if Allah had wished He could have put you into difficulties: He is indeed Exalted in Power Wise."
221> Do not marry unbelieving women (idolaters) until they believe; a slave woman who believes is better than an unbelieving woman even though she allure you. Nor marry (your girls) to unbelievers until they believe: a man slave who believes is better than un unbeliever even though he allure you. Unbelievers do (but) beckon you to the fire. But Allah beckons by His grace to the Garden (of Bliss) and forgiveness and makes His Signs clear to mankind: that they may celebrate His praise.
***This prohibition also is taken from the Bible where God warned and forbade the Israelites from marrying 'out' among the heathens***
222> They ask thee concerning women's courses. Say: They are a hurt and a pollution; so keep away from women in their courses and do not approach them until they are clean. But when they have purified themselves ye may approach them in any manner time or place ordained for you by Allah. For Allah loves those who turn to Him constantly and He loves those who keep themselves pure and clean.
#247 Azan: hurt, pollution. Both aspects must be remembered. Physical cleanliness and purity make for health, bodily and spiritual. But the matter should be looked at from the woman's point of view as well as the man's. To her there is danger of hurt, and she should have every consideration. In the animal world, instinct is a guide which is obeyed. Man should in this respect be better: he is often worse 248 Haithu: A comprehensive word referring to manner, time, or place. The most delicate matters are here referred to in the most discreet and yet helpful terms. In sex morality, manner, time, and place are all important: and the highest standards are set by social laws, by our own refined instinct of mutual consideration, and above all, by the light shed by the highest Teachers form the wisdom which they receive from our Maker, Who loves purity and cleanliness in all things#
*** These are further prohibitions taken from the Bible and Jewish traditions and are not new conceptS that Muhammad came to by himself.
What Muhammad made new are his immoral, unjust and unacceptable instructions that women can be sexually 'violated' in any manner, time or place that their man deems fit.
Women in Muhammadan Islam are only sex objects for the Muhammadan man's pleasure and his plaything ***
223>Your wives are as a tilth unto you; so approach your tilth when or how ye will. But do some good act for your souls beforehand; and fear Allah and know that ye are to meet Him (in the Hereafter) and give (these) good tidings to those who believe.
# 249 Sex is not a thing to be ashamed of, or to be treated lightly, or to be indulged to excess. It is as solemn a fact as any in life. It is compared to a husbandman's tilth; it is a serious affair to him; he sows the seed in order to reap the harvest. But he chooses his own time and mode of cultivation. He does not sow out of season nor cultivate in a manner which will injure or exhaust the soul. He is wise and considerate and does not run riot. Coming from the simile to human beings, every kind of mutual consideration is required, but above all, we must remember that even in these matters there is a spiritual aspect. We must never forget our souls, and that we are responsible to God. (2.223) 250 Our highest spiritual ambition should be the hope of meeting God. To uphold such a hope is to give glad tidings to people of faith. It would only be unrepentant sinners who would fear the meeting. Note how the most sensuous matters are discussed frankly, and immediately taken up into the loftiest regions of spiritual upliftment#
*** First and foremost, the verse makes the wife purely as a sex object to be had by the husband in any way, in any manner and at any time that pleases him.
This demeans and denigrates not only the wife (woman) but also the value and sanctity of marraiage.
Moreover, the plagiarising interpreter, as is his forte, perverts the meaning of the verse as shown here:
Psalm 51: "1. To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David,2. When Nathan the prophet came to him, after he had gone in to Bathsheba.3. Be gracious to me, O God, according to your loving kindness; according to the multitude of your mercies blot out my transgressions.4. Wash me thoroughly from my iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin.5. For I acknowledge my transgressions; and my sin is always before me.6. Against you, you alone, have I sinned, and done this evil in your sight;so that you are justified in your sentence, and clear in your judgment.7. Behold, I was shaped in iniquity, and in sin my mother conceived me.8. Behold, you desire truth in the inward parts; therefore teach me wisdom in the inmost heart.9. Purge me with hyssop, and I shall be clean; wash me, and I shall be whiter than snow.10. Let me hear joy and gladness; that the bones which you have broken may rejoice.11. Hide your face from my sins, and blot out all my iniquities".
Contrary to the deliberately falsified interpretations of the above, when the Biblical verse is not taken out of context, it shows that it was King David alone who was lamenting his act of sin. It does not mean, by any stretch of the imagination, that Jewish tradition believes in the sin of man at birth (Original Sin), which is a Christian concept.
In fact, in the whole of Jewish traditionthis perverted concept does not exist. The interpreter, who knows this very well, none the less chooses to deceive and mislead the reader into believing otherwise to serve his own twisted agenda of hate ***
224>And make not Allah's (name) an excuse in your oaths against doing good or acting rightly or making peace between persons; for Allah is one who heareth and knoweth all things.
*** It is totally forbidden for the Jews to profane or even utter the name of their God,unlike theMuhamaddans who use the name 'Allah' constantly and in such a cavalier manner that in the end it looses its sense of holiness, awe and respect ***
225 Allah will not call you to account for thoughtlessness in your oaths but for the intention in your hearts; and He is Oft-Forgiving Most Forbearing.
*** Only in Muhammad's Quran are the followers of a belief system allowed to lie, deceive and cheat even if under oath for as long as their intention 'in their heart' is good.
For example, one would promise to repay back a loan at a certain time,knowing full well even at the time of the promise that it cannot be done, this is still allowed because their intention in the final analysis is to pay it back sometime in the future ***
226>For those who take an oath for abstention from their wives a waiting for four months is ordained; if then they return Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.
227>But if their intention is firm for divorce Allah heareth and knoweth all things.
228> Divorced women shall wait concerning themselves for three monthly periods nor is it lawful for them to hide what Allah hath created in their wombs if they have faith in Allah and the Last Day. And their husbands have the better right to take them back in that period if they wish for reconciliation. And women shall have rights similar to the rights against them according to what is equitable; but men have a degree (of advantage) over them and Allah is Exalted in Power Wise.
# Islam tries to maintain the married state as far as possible, especially where children are concerned, but it is against the restriction of the liberty of men and women in such vitally important matters as love and family life. It will check hasty action as far as possible and leave the door to reconciliation open at many stages. Even after divorce a suggestion of reconciliation is made, subject to certain precautions (mentioned in the following verses) against thoughtless action. A period of waiting (iddat) for three monthly courses is prescribed, in order to see if the marriage conditionally dissolved is likely to result in issue. But this is not necessary where the divorced woman is a virgin: Q. xxxiii. 49. It is definitely declared that women and men shall have similar rights against each other. 255 The difference in economic position between the sexes makes the man's rights and liabilities a little greater than the woman's Q. iv. 34 refers to the duty of the man to maintain the woman, and to a certain difference in nature between the sexes. Subject to this, the sexes are on terms of equality in law, and in certain matters the weaker sex is entitled to special protection#
*** The three months prohibition and instruction - as well as 229/241 come directly from the (Mishna, Yebamoth iv:10) and Rabbinical writings. These are not original Quranic ideas***
229> A divorce is only permissible twice: after that the parties should either hold together on equitable terms or separate with kindness. It is not lawful for you (men) to take back any of your gifts (from your wives) except when both parties fear that they would be unable to keep the limits ordained by Allah. If ye (judges) do indeed fear that they would be unable to keep the limits ordained by Allah there is no blame on either of them if she give something for her freedom. These are the limits ordained by Allah; so do not transgress them. If any do transgress the limits ordained by Allah such persons wrong (themselves as well as others).
230> So if a husband divorces his wife (irrevocably) he cannot after that remarry her until after she has married another husband and he has divorced her. In that case there is no blame on either of them if they reunite provided they feel that they can keep the limits ordained by Allah. Such are the limits ordained by Allah which He makes plain to those who understand.
231When ye divorce women and they fulfil the term of their (`Iddat) either take them back on equitable terms or set them free on equitable terms; but do not take them back to injure them or to take undue advantage; if anyone does that He wrongs his own soul. Do not treat Allah's Signs as a jest but solemnly rehearse Allah's favors on you and the fact that He sent down to you the Book and Wisdom for your instruction. And fear Allah and know that Allah is well acquainted with all things.
#261 If the man takes back his wife after two divorces, he must do so only on equitable terms, i.e., he must not put pressure on the woman to prejudice her rights in any way, and they must live clean and honourable lives, respecting each other's personalities. There are here two conditional clauses: (1) when ye divorce women, and (2) when they fulfil their Iddat: followed by two consequential clauses, (3) take them back on equitable terms, or (4) set them free with kindness. The first is connected with the third and the second with the fourth. Therefore if the husband wishes to resume the marital relations, he need not wait for Iddat. But if he does not so wish, she is free to marry someone else after Iddat#
*** At the cost of being repetitive, there is no choice but to remind the reader at every possible opportunity about the origins of any and all precepts and laws in the Quran.
Almost all the laws of divorce described by the Quran are taken from Rabbinical teachings with modifications to suit the Arabian Bedouin's environment and culture ***
232When ye divorce women and they fulfil the term of their (`Iddat) do not prevent them from marrying their (former) husbands if they mutually agree on equitable terms. This instruction is for all amongst you who believe in Allah and the Last Day. That is (the course making for) most virtue and purity amongst you and Allah knows and ye know not.
233The mothers shall give suck to their offspring for two whole years if the father desires to complete the term. But he shall bear the cost of their food and clothing on equitable terms. No soul shall have a burden laid on it greater than it can bear. No mother shall be treated unfairly on account of her child nor father on account of his child. An heir shall be chargeable in the same way if they both decide on weaning by mutual consent and after due consultation there is no blame on them. If ye decide on a foster-mother for your offspring there is no blame on you provided ye pay (the mother) what ye offered on equitable terms. But fear Allah and know that Allah sees well what ye do.
***The prescribed time for a woman to give suck to a child of two full years is plagiarised, as usual in the Quran, from Kethuboth 60a***
234If any of you die and leave widows behind they shall wait concerning themselves four months and ten days: when they have fulfilled their term there is no blame on you if they dispose of themselves in a just and reasonable manner. And Allah is well acquainted with what ye do.
235There is no blame on you if ye make an offer of betrothal or hold it in your hearts. Allah knows that ye cherish them in your hearts: but do not make a secret contract with them except in terms honorable nor resolve on the tie of marriage till the term prescribed is fulfilled. And know that Allah knoweth what is in your hearts and take heed of Him; and know that Allah is Oft Forgiving Most Forbearing.
236There is no blame on you if ye divorce women before consummation or the fixation of their dower; but bestow on them (a suitable gift) the wealthy according to his means and the poor according to his means; a gift of a reasonable amount is due from those who wish to do the right thing.
2:237And if ye divorce them before consummation but after the fixation of a dower for them then the half of the dower (is due to them) unless they remit it. Or (the man's half) is remitted by him in whose hands is the marriage tie; and the remission (of the man's half) is the nearest to righteousness. And do not forget liberality between yourselves. For Allah sees well all that ye do.
238Guard strictly your (habit of) prayers especially the middle prayer and stand before Allah in a devout (frame of mind).
239If ye fear (an enemy) pray on foot or riding (as may be most convenient) but when ye are in security celebrate Allah's praises in the manner He has taught you which ye knew not (before).
240Those of you who die and leave widows should bequeath for their widows a year's maintenance and residence; but if they leave (the residence) there is no blame on you for what they do with themselves provided it is reasonable and Allah is Exalted in Power Wise.
241 For divorced women maintenance (should be provided) on a reasonable (scale). This is a duty on the righteous.
242Thus doth Allah make clear His Signs to you: in order that ye may understand.
243Didst thou not turn thy vision to those who abandoned their homes though they were thousands (in number) for fear of death? Allah said to them: "Die." Then He restored them to life. For Allah is full of bounty to mankind but most of them are ungrateful.
244Then fight in the cause of Allah and know that Allah heareth and knoweth all things.
245Who is he that will loan to Allah a beautiful loan which Allah will double unto his credit and multiply many times? It is Allah that giveth (you) want or plenty and to Him shall be your return.
246> Hast thou not turned thy vision to the chiefs of the children of Israel after (the time of) Moses? They said to a Prophet (that was) among them: "Appoint for us a king that we may fight in the cause of Allah." He said: "Is it not possible if ye were commanded to fight that ye will not fight?" They said: "How could we refuse to fight in the cause of Allah seeing that we were turned out of our homes and our families?" But when they were commanded to fight they turned back except a small band among them. But Allah has full knowledge of those who do wrong.
#277 The next generation after Moses and Aaron was ruled by Joshua, who crossed the Jordan and settled the tribes in Palestine. His rule lasted for 25 years, after which there was a period of 320 years when the Israelites had a chequered history. They were not united among themselves, and suffered many reverses at the hands of the Midianites, Amalekites and other tribes of Palestine. They frequently lapsed into idolatry and deserted the worship of the true God. From time to time a leader appeared among them who assumed dictatorial powers. Acting under a sort of theocratic commission from God, he pointed out their backsliding, re-united them under His banner, and restored, from time to time and place to place, the power of Israel. These dictators are called Judges in the English translation of the Old Testament. The last of their line was Samuel, who marks the transition towards the line of Kings on the one hand and of the later Prophets on the other. He may be dated approximately about the 11th century B.C.278 This was Samuel. In his time Israel had suffered from much corruption within and many reverses without. The Philistines had made a great attack and defeated Israel with great slaughter. The Israelites, instead of relying on Faith and their own valour and cohesion, brought out their most sacred possession, the Ark of the Covenant, to help them in the fight. But the enemy captured it, carried it away, and retained it for seven months. The Israelites forgot that wickedness cannot screen itself behind a sacred relic. Nor can a sacred relic help the enemies of faith. The enemy found that the Ark brought nothing but misfortune for themselves, and were glad to abondon it. It apparently remained twenty years in the village (qarya) of Yaarim (Kirjath-jeafim): I. Samuel, vii. 2. Meanwhile the people pressed Samuel to appoint them a king. They thought that a king would cure all their ills, whereas what was wanting was a spirit of union and discipline and a readiness on their part to fight in the cause of God. 279 Samuel knew as a Prophet that the people were fickle and only wanted to cover their own want of union and true spirit by asking for a king. They replied with spirit in words, but when it came to action, they failed. They hid themselves in caves and rocks, or ran away, and even those who remained "followed him trembling": I. Samuel, xiii 6-7#
*** The interpreter being a very biased Muhammadan against the Jews and Christians, regularly and deliberately attempts to mislead the readers by calling the land of Canaan, Palestine. Anyone and everyone who has read the Bible would know exactly where Canaanwas and that it was subsequently called: Israel and or Judea.
He has the audacity to use chapter and verse quotations extensively from the same allegedly 'altered' Bible to suit his agenda of deception and clumny and at the same time injects his own PERSONAL hatemongering opinions in his explanations above.
Since the interpreter is quoting from the Bible, he should have done his job honestly by calling it Canaan instead of the wrong, dishonest and deliberately misleading 'political' rendering of Palestine.
Most important of all, the above story, as shown, is not recorded anywhere in the Bible in this format because it is a mishmash of the story of the prophet Samuel and the election of Saul as king.
Since this story is supposed to represent a true historical event,then the Quran is shown, yet again, to be full of errors and falsehoods and henceCANNOT BE THE PRODUCT OF DIVINE REVELATIONS.
It can on the other hand be, the product ofMUHAMMAD'S own IMAGINATION and his ALTER EGO, but projected into the mouth of the unsuspectingAllah, thePagan Rock god, the BLACK STONE, embedded in the wall of the KA'BA ***
247> Their Prophet said to them: "Allah hath appointed Talut as king over you." They say: "How can he exercise authority over us when we are better fitted than he to exercise authority and he is not even gifted with wealth in abundance?" He said: "Allah hath chosen him above you and hath gifted him abundantly with knowledge and bodily prowess; Allah granteth His authority to whom He pleaseth. Allah careth for all and He knoweth all things."
#Talut is the Arabic name for Saul, who was tall and handsome, but belonged to the tribe of Benjamin, the smallest tribe in Israel. His worldly belongings were slender, and it was when he went out to search for some asses which had been lost from his father's house that he met Samuel and was anointed king by him#
*** Since the pagan Arabs had no knowledge of Saul except from the Biblical narrative, why is he called Talut in the Quran?
Why were Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, Noah, Moses, Aharon, David, Solomon etc called by their correct name but not Saul?
Why was not one of the most important prophets in the Bible- Samuel not named?
The story as depicted above is false since it was NOT ALLAH but the Israelites who insisted upon Samuel to anoint them a king.
I Samuel 8:" 1. And it came to pass, when Samuel was old, that he made his sons judges over Israel.2. And the name of his firstborn was Joel; and the name of his second, Abijah; they were judges in Beersheba.3. And his sons walked not in his ways, but turned aside after unjust gain, and took bribes, and perverted judgment.4. Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came to Samuel to Ramah,5. And said to him, Behold, you are old, and your sons walk not in your ways; now make us a king to judge us like all the nations.6. But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to judge us. And Samuel prayed to the Lord.7. And the Lord said to Samuel, Listen to the voice of the people in all that they say to you…."
Repeatedly and incessantly, we find the Quran digressing from one subject to another totally unrelated one from one verse to the following.
It should be impossible for the incquiring intelligent human being who compares and contrasts the Quranic versions of events with those described in their original form in the Bible can ever come to the conclusion that the Quran is divinely inspired similarly to the Bible since no divinity could ever, incessantly reveal to human beings, contradictory instructions, demand and stories ***
248>And (further) their Prophet said to them: "A sign of his authority is that there shall come to you the Ark of the Covenant with (an assurance) therein of security from your Lord and the relics left by the family of Moses and the family of Aaron carried by angels. In this is a Symbol for you if ye indeed have faith."
#281 Ark of the Covenant: Tabut: a chest of acacia wood covered and lined with pure gold, about 6ft x 3ft x 3ft. See Exod xxv. 10-22. It was to contain the "testimony of God", or the Ten Commandments engraved on stone, with relics of Moses and Aaron. Its Gold lid was to be the "Mercy Seat" with two cherubims of beaten gold, with wings oustretched. This was a sacred possession to Israel. It was lost to the enemy in the early part of Samuel's ministry; see n. 278 to ii. 246; when it came back, it remained in a village for twenty years and was apparently taken to the capital when kingship was instituted. It thus became a symbol of unity and authority. 282 Security: sakina-safety, tranquility, peace. Later Jewish writings use the same word for a symbol of God's Glory in the Tabernacle or tent in which the Ark was kept, or in the Temple when it was built by Solomon 283 Carried by angels: these words refer to the Tabut or Ark, the cherubims with outstretched wings on the lid may well be supposed to carry the security or peace which the Ark symbolised#
*** Both the Quran and the interpreter are blatantly wrong, yet again, in describing the Biblical event. When Saul was king, the Ark was with Israel anyway-
I Samuel 14: "18 And Saul said to Ahiah, Bring here the ark of God. For the ark of God was at that time with the people of Israel"
His sign of authority and kingship was his anointment by Samuel.
I Samuel 9:"16 Tomorrow about this time I will send you a man from the land of Benjamin, and you shall anoint him to be captain over my people Israel, that he may save my people from the hand of the Philistines; for I have looked upon my people, because their cry has come to me"
The Ark had nothing to do with the 'coronation' of Saul ***
249> When Talut set forth with the armies he said: "Allah will test you at the stream; if any drinks of its water he goes not with my army; only those who taste not of it go with me; a mere sip out of the hand is excused." But they all drank of it except a few. When they crossed the river he and the faithful ones with him they said: "This day we cannot cope with Goliath and his forces." But those who were convinced that they must meet Allah said: "How oft by Allah's will hath a small force vanquished a big one? Allah is with those who steadfastly persevere."
#A Commander is hampered by a large force if it is not in perfect discipline and does not whole-heartedly believe in its Commander. He must get rid of all the doubtful ones, as did Gideon before Saul, and Henry V. in Shakespeare's story long afterwards. Saul used the same test as Gideon; he gave a certain order when crossing a stream; the greater part disobeyed, and were sent back. Gideon's story will be found in Judges, vii. 2-7#
*** The above paragraph is another perfect example of the manner the Quranic versions of events are explained and dealt with so cavalierly.
The Quran in the verse above, mixes, yet again, two different stories of the Bible in a jumbled form - as it does in hundreds of similarly wrong verses - whereby the interpreter, being caught in an extremely difficult situation, changed history by alleging that it was Saul, a.k.a Talut who gave exactly the same test to his troops as was done earlier - 300/400 years - by Gideon.
Judges 7:" 5. So he brought down the people to the water; and the Lord said to Gideon, Every one who laps the water with his tongue, like a dog laps, him shall you set by himself; likewise every one who bows down upon his knees to drink"
No such story or event - faced by Saul - was recorded in the history of the Israelitesshowing once more the errors of the Quranic versions of the original Biblical stories.
The Quran asserts that the Bible was given to Moses by the same Allah as that of Muhammad. But, to explain all the differences between the Quranic versions of the original Biblical stories can only be accounted for IFtheAllah of Muhammad is NOT the same as the GOD of Israel ***
250> When they advanced to meet Goliath and his forces they prayed: "Our Lord! pour out constancy on us and make our steps firm; help us against those that reject faith."
*** As usual, the Quranic verses meander all over the Biblical stories without rhyme or rhythm. The way the story is depicted above misleads the reader into believing they are connected and sequential, which of course they are not.
As is his 'forte', Muhammad's versions of the Biblical events are muddled, mixed up, unrelated to their original inTime or Space, showing a man totally lacking in veracity or in retentive memory and shedding aGIANT SHADOW upon the VERACITY of the QURAN's origin as divinely inspired ***
251> By Allah's will they routed them: and David slew Goliath; and Allah gave him power and wisdom and taught him whatever (else) He willed. And did not Allah check one set of people by means of another the earth would indeed be full of mischief but Allah is full of bounty to all the worlds.
#286 Note how the whole story is compressed into a few words as regards narration, but its spiritual lessons are dwelt upon from many points of view. The Old Testament is mainly interested in the narrative, which is full of detail, but says little about the universal truths of which every true story is a parable. The Qur-an assumes the story, but tells the parable. 287 David was not only a shepherd, a warrior, a king, a wise man, and a prophet, but was also endowed with the gifts of poetry and music. His Psalms (sabur) are still extant. 288 Carried by angels: these words refer to the Tabut or Ark, the cherubims with outstretched wings on the lid may well be supposed to carry the security or peace which the Ark symbolized#
*** The events in the Quran are - as usual - mentioned without any background given to them or to the characters within.
This is another perfect example of Muhammad's total lack of imagination since although he had the full original story at hand, he none the less chose to reduce a beautiful and detailed one into a truncated, mutilated and incoherent 'story' that has no relationship what so ever either to the preceding verses or to the following ones.
David is brought upon the scene instantly, out of the blue, and it is left to the preacher to concoct the background that he sees fit***
252These are the signs of Allah; We rehearse them to thee in truth: verily thou art one of the apostles.
253>Those apostles We endowed with gifts some above others: to one of them Allah spoke; others He raised to degrees (of honor); to Jesus the son of Mary We gave clear (Signs) and strengthened him with the Holy Spirit. If Allah had so willed succeeding generations would not have fought among each other after clear (Signs) had come to them but they (chose) to wrangle some believing and others rejecting. If Allah had so willed they would not have fought each other; but Allah fulfilleth His plan.
#289 Different gifts and different modes of procedure are prescribed to God's Apostles in different ages, and perhaps their degrees are different though it is not for us mortals, with our imperfect knowledge to make any difference between one and another of God's Apostles (ii. 136). As this winds up the argument about fighting, three illustrations are given from the past, how it affected God's Messengers. To Moses God spoke in clouds of glory; he led his men for forty years through the wilderness, mainly fighting against the unbelief of his own people; he organised them to fight with the sword for Palestine, but was raised to God's mercy before his enterprise ripened, and it fell to Joshua to carry out his plan. David, though a mere shepherd boy, was chosen by God. He overthrew the greatest warrior of his time, became a king, and waged successful wars, being also a prophet, a poet, and a musician. Jesus was "strengthened with the holy spirit": he was given no weapons to fight and his mission was of a more limited character. In Muhammad's mission these and other characters were combined. Gentler than Jesus, he organised on a vaster scale than Moses and from Medina he ruled and gave laws, and the Qur-an has a vaster scope than the Psalms of David#
*** The glorification of Muhammad by the interpreter is beyond reason or truth. Since Jesus did not shed the blood of others on his hand and while Muhammad had a great deal of blood letting, then he could in no way shape or form have been gentler than Jesus.
Furthermore, Moses received his revelations by TALKING DIRECTLY TO GOD"KALIMOU ALLAH", unlike those of Muhammad's which he receive through the SECONDARY source of the angel Gabriel.
Moreover, while Muhammad's followers were in the thousands, those of Moses' were more than 630,000 counting only the men, not counting the women and children. He had to lead his people out of bondage into a hostile environment, feed them, quench their thirst and protect them for 40 years.
Muhammad's actual mission lasted only ten years. By the scale of ACCOMPLISHMENTS alone, Moses surpasses Muhammad in every category. By no stretch of any fair and honest judge could anyone come to the conclusion that Muhammad, in his days was superior to Moses.
Another motif that the above verse alludes to is the later backsliding and internecine fighting among the followers of Moses, which is a recorded fact. The 'Muslims' too, after the death of Muhammad, committed the most horrendous crimes against each other and against their holy places of Madsimilar acts have not stopped even unto this day. ina, Mecca and the Ka'ba;
Moreover and contrary to the assertions of the interpreter, nothing whatsoever in the Quran compares in beauty, humility, love and sagacity to the Psalms.
Contrary to the historical record which he knows very well, the interpreter deliberately misleads the readers by calling the Biblical land that God promised to the Israelites which was Canaan by the politicized name of Palestine ***
254O ye who believe! spend out of (the bounties) We have provided for you before the day comes when no bargaining (will avail) nor friendship nor intercession. Those who reject faith they are the wrong-doers.
255>Allah! there is no God [Ilah] but He the living the Self-subsisting Eternal. No slumber can seize him nor sleep. His are all things in the heavens and on earth. Who is there can intercede in His presence except as He permitteth? He knoweth what (appeareth to his creatures as) before or after or behind them. Nor shall they compass aught of his knowledge except as He willeth. His throne doth extend over the heavens and the earth and He feeleth no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. For He is the Most High the Supreme (in glory).
*** Yet once more, this verse confirms the fact that Allah is NOT GOD but the NAME of a god***
256Let there be no compulsion in religion. Truth stands out clear from error; whoever rejects evil and believes in Allah hath grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold that never breaks. And Allah heareth and knoweth all things
#Compulsion is incompatible with religion; because 1) religion depends upon faith and will, and these would be meaningless if induced by force; 2) Truth and Error have been so clearly shown up by the mercy of God that there should be no doubt in the minds of any persons of goodwill as to the fundamentals of faith; 3) God's protection is continuous and His Plan is always to lead us from the depths of darkness into the clearest light)#
*** Unfortunately, this precept - like most other conciliatry ones in the Quran - was rarely followed by Muhammad or his faithful, because it was, like about 124 others, ABROGATED by the verse of the SWORD and later such warmongering and hate filled verses.
9: 5" But when the forbidden months are past then fight and slay the pagans wherever ye find them and seize them beleaguer them and lie in wait for them in every stratagem (of war); but if they repent and establish regular prayers and practice regular charity then open the way for them: for Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful"
When Muhammad realised that his version of "Truth satnds out clear from error..."was not convincing his pagan Arabs to convert, he started resorting to the methodology of the thug by terrorising people into submission to his will through slaughter, destruction and enslavement.
The proof of this realistic conclusion resides in the facts based upon the subsequent HISTORICAL RECORDS that his followers conquered a large portion of the world with the sword in the name of Allah from the Atlantic to China. Their historians admit to these forcible conversions.
After all, his early wars against the Jews and Christians of Arabia were only the prelude and the harbinger of what was to follow. These acts of aggression were continued by his Khulafa'/ Caliphs who forced their conversion, destruction or expulsion from the Arabian peninsula, their homeland.
Immediately after the death of Muhammad, many of those who 'converted' to 'Islam' for rewards of booty and plunder, renegged and were later massacred into submission by Abu Bakr, the first Khalfa in the (Ridda/Apostasy) wars.
During the first one hundred years of their onslaughts, the conquering Arabs slaughtered millions and forced into conversion tens of millions of peoples, by the sword or by onerous taxation ***
257>Allah is the Protector of those who have faith: from the depths of darkness He will lead them forth into light. Of those who reject faith the patrons are the Evil Ones: from light they will lead them forth into the depths of darkness. They will be companions of the fire to dwell therein (for ever).
258>Hast thou not turned thy vision to one who disputed with Abraham about his Lord because Allah had granted him power? Abraham said: "My Lord is He Who Giveth life and death." He said: "I give life and death." Said Abraham: "but it is Allah that causeth the sun to rise from the East do thou then cause him to rise from the West." Thus was he confounded who (in arrogance) rejected faith. Nor doth Allah give guidance to a people unjust.
259> Or (take) the similitude of one who passed by a hamlet all in ruins to its roofs. He said: "Oh! how shall Allah bring it (ever) to life after (this) its death?" But Allah caused him to die for a hundred years then raised him up (again). He said: "How long didst thou tarry (thus)?" He said: "(perhaps) a day or part of a day." He said: "Nay thou hast tarried thus a hundred years; but look at thy food and thy drink; they show no signs of age; and look at thy donkey: and that We may make of thee a Sign unto the people look further at the bones how We bring them together and clothe them with flesh! When this was shown clearly to him he said: "I know that Allah hath power over all things.
260> Behold! Abraham said: "My Lord! show me how thou givest life to the dead. He said: "Dost thou not then believe?" He said: "Yea! but to satisfy my own understanding." He said: "Take four birds; tame them to turn to thee; put a portion of them on every hill and call to them; they will come to thee (flying) with speed. Then know that Allah is Exalted in Power Wise."
#306 Verse 258, we saw, illustrated by God's power over Life and Death, contrasted with man's vain boasts or imaginings. Verse 259 illustrated how Time is immaterial to God's working; things, individuals and nations are subject to laws of life and death, which are under God's complete control, however much we may be misled by appearances. Now in Verse 200 we are shown the power of wisdom and love: if man can tame birds so that they know him and fly to him, how much more will God's creatures obey His call at the Resurrection? 307 Abraham had complete faith in God's power, but he wanted, with God's permission, to give an explanation of that faith to his own heart and mind. Where I have translated "satisfy my own understanding", the literal translation would be "satisfy my own heart". 308 A portion of them: Juz-an. The received Commentators understand this to mean that the birds were to be cut up and pieces of them were to be put on the hills. The cutting up or killing is not mentioned, but they say that it is implied by an ellipsis, as the question is how God gives life to the dead. Of the modern Muslim Commentators, M.P. is non-committal, but H.G.S. and M.M.A. understand that the birds were not killed, but that a "portion" here means a unit, single birds were placed on the hills, and they flew to the one who tamed them. This last view commends itself to me, as the cutting up of the birds to pieces is nowhere mentioned, unless we understand the word for "Taming" in an unusual and almost impossible sense#
*** The above 'story' is not found in the Bible, but in Legends of the Jews, Ginsberg I:236. The version in the Quran as read above, does not answer Abraham's question about resurrecting the dead.
The explanations given by Muhammadan theologians are utterly bereft of logic or meaning no matter how many 'ellipsis' they might invent. Muhammad did not fully understand the story as described in the tradition of the Jews but none the less put it in the Quran as one of his own parables***
261The parable of those who spend their substance in the way of Allah is that of a grain of corn: it groweth seven ears and each ear hath a hundred grains. Allah giveth manifold increase to whom He pleaseth; and Allah careth for all and He knoweth all things.
262 Those who spend their substance in the cause of Allah and follow not up their gifts with reminders of their generosity or with injury for them their reward is with their Lord; on them shall be no fear nor shall they grieve.
263> Kind words and the covering of faults are better than charity followed by injury. Allah is free of all wants and he is Most Forbearing.
264>O ye who believe! cancel not your charity by reminders of your generosity or by injury like those who spend their substance to be seen of men but believe neither in Allah nor in the last day. They are in Parable like a hard barren rock on which is a little soil; on it falls heavy rain which leaves it (just) a bare stone. They will be able to do nothing with aught they have earned. And Allah guideth not those who reject faith.
*** All the Parables that Muhammad put in his Quran were plagiarised, plundered, pirated and/or perverted from the TRADITIONS, SCRIPTURESandFETISHES of other peoples***
265>And the likeness of those who spend their substance seeking to please Allah and to strengthen their souls is as a garden high and fertile: heavy rain falls on it but makes it yield a double increase of harvest and if it receives not heavy rain light moisture sufficeth it. Allah seeth well whatever ye do.
266Does any of you wish that he should have a garden with date-palms and vines and streams flowing underneath and all kinds of fruit while he is stricken with old age and his children are not strong (enough to look after themselves) that it should be caught in a whirlwind with fire therein and be burnt up? Thus doth Allah make clear to you (His) signs; that ye may consider.
267>O ye who believe! give of the good things which ye have (honorably) earned and of the fruits of the earth which We have produced for you and do not even aim at getting anything which is bad in order that out of it ye may give away something when ye yourselves would not receive it except with closed eyes. And know that Allah is free of all wants and worthy of all praise.
268>The Evil One [Shaitan] threatens you with poverty and bids you to conduct unseemly. Allah promiseth you His forgiveness and bounties and Allah careth for all and He knoweth all things.
269>He granteth wisdom to whom He pleaseth; and he to whom wisdom is granted receiveth indeed a benefit overflowing; but none will grasp the message but men of understanding.
*** The Quran is replete with verses asserting the PREDESTINATION OF MANKIND. Wisdom as well as every thing else in human conduct, is ALLEGEDLY pre ordained by Allah. There is no Free Will. The Most Merciful and Beneficient Allah, pre-destines humanity to Hell - to be tortured eternally, although they are not at fault - or Heaven without the freedom of choice.
What Muhammad, in his Quran has missed, is the clear and intelligent conclusion, that if humanity is PREDESTINED, then there is absolutely no reason to have RELIGION.
That without the need for religion, then there is also no need for PROPHETS.
Hence without the need of prophets, then MUHAMMAD's prophethood is not required nor is the concept of SATAN needed any more***
Sunan of Abu-DawoodHadith 1092 & 2113Narrated byAbdullah ibn Mas'ud
When the Apostle of Allah (peace be upon him) addressed, he would say: Praise be to Allah, from Whom we seek help and pardon,and we seek refuge in Allah from the evils of our souls. He whom Allah guide has no one who can lead him astray, and he whom Allah leads astray has no one to guide him. And I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and apostle. He sent him before the coming of the last hour with truth giving good tidings and warning. He who obeys Allah and His Apostle follows the right path; and he who disobeys them shall harm none except himself, and he will not harm Allah in the least.
Al-Tirmidhi HadithHadith 96Narrated byAbdullah ibn Amr
Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) went out and he had in his hand two books. He said: Do you know what these two books are? We said: Allah's Messenger, we do not know but only that you inform us. Thereupon he said: This one which my right hand possesses is a Book from the Lord of the worlds. It contains the names of the inmates of Paradise and the name of their forefathers and those of their tribes. It is most exhaustive and nothing will be added to it nor anything eliminated from it up to eternity. He then said: This one in my left hand is a Book from the Lord of the worlds. It contains the names of the denizens of Hell and the names of their forefathers and their tribes. It is also exhaustive to the end and nothing will be added to it nor anything will be eliminated from it. The Companions said: Allah's Messenger, (if this is the case) then where lies the use of doing a deed if the affair is already decided. Thereupon he said: Stick to the right course and remain as close to it as possible for one who is to be inmate of Paradise would end his life by an act befitting the inmates of Paradise, no matter what he may have done and for one who is the denizen of Hell, his deed would end on that which is a deed of the denizens of Hell, no matter what he may have done (before). Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) then threw the books and making a gesture with his hand said: Allah has made a decision about His servants (a section will be in Paradise and a section in the blaze). Transmitted by Tirmidhi.
*** Even the very simple, illiterate and unlearned Arabs asked the most intelligent question from Muhammad. He of course, did not answer it, but regaled his listeners with impressive but actually meaningless circular logic instead ***
270And whatever ye spend in charity or devotion be sure Allah knows it all. But the wrong-doers have no helpers.
*** It is obvious that Allah knows it all since it is he who is presumably deciding human destiny ***
271>If ye disclose (acts of) charity even so it is well but if ye conceal them and make them reach those (really) in need that is best for you: it will remove from you some of your (stains of) evil. And Allah is well acquainted with what ye do.
272It is not required of thee (O Apostles) to set them on the right path but Allah sets on the right path whom He pleaseth. Whatever of good ye give benefits your own souls and ye shall only do so seeking the "Face" of Allah. Whatever good ye give, shall be rendered back to you and ye shall not be dealt with unjustly.
273> (Charity is) for those in need who in Allah's cause are restricted (from travel) and cannot move about in the land seeking (for trade or work). The ignorant man thinks because of their modesty that they are free from want. Thou shalt know them by their (unfailing) mark: they beg not importunately from all and sundry. And whatever of good ye give be assured Allah knoweth it well.
#322 Indiscriminate acts of so-called charity are condemned as they may do more harm than good (see ii 262). The real beneficiaries of charity are here indicated. They must be in want. And the want must be due to some honorable cause. For example, they may be doing some unpaid service, such as teaching, or acquiring knowledge or skill, or be in exile for their faith, or in other ways be prevented from seeking employment or doing strenuous work. "God's cause" must not be narrowly interpreted. All sincere and real service to humanity comes within the definition. Such men do not beg from door to door. It is the duty of those who are well-to-do, or of the Public Purse, to find them out#
*** The charity instructions of the Quran are copied from
Deuteronomy 15: "7. If there is among you a poor man of one of your brothers inside any of your gates in your land which the Lord your God gives you, you shall not harden your heart, nor shut your hand from your poor brother;8. But you shall open your hand wide to him, and shall surely lend him sufficient for his need, in that which he lacks.9. Beware that there be not a thought in your wicked heart, saying, The seventh year, the year of release, is at hand; and your eye be evil against your poor brother, and you give him nothing; and he cry to the Lord against you, and it be sin to you.10. You shall surely give him, and your heart shall not be grieved when you give to him; because for this thing the Lord your God shall bless you in all your works, and in all that you you, saying, You shall open your hand wide to your brother, to your poor, and to your needy, in your land" As well as from .
Mathew 6:"3But when thou doest alms, let not thy left hand know what thy right hand doeth 4 That thine alms may be in secret: and thy father which seeth in secret himself shall reward thee openly" ***
274> Those who (in charity) spend of their goods by night and by day in secret and in public have their reward with their Lord: on them shall be no fear nor shall they grieve.
275> Those who devour usury [al ribawa] will not stand except as stands one whom the Evil One [Satan] by his touch hath driven to madness. That is because they say: "Trade is like usury but Allah hath permitted trade and forbidden usury. Those who after receiving direction from their Lord desist shall be pardoned for the past; their case is for Allah (to judge); but those who repeat (the offence) are companions of the fire: they will abide therein (for ever).
#324 Usury is condemned and prohibited in the strongest possible terms. There can be no question about the prohibition. When we come to the definition of Usury there is room for difference of opinion. Hadhrat 'Umar, according to Ibn Kathir, felt some difficulty in the matter, as the Apostle left this world before the details of the question were settled. This was one of the three questions on which he wished he had more light from the Prophet. Our 'Ulama, ancient and modern, have worked out a great body of literature on Usury, based mainly on economic conditions as they existed at the rise of Islam. 325 An apt simile: whereas legitimate trade or industry increases the prosperity and stability of men and nations, a dependence on Usury would merely encourage a race of idlers, cruel blood-suckers, and worthless fellows who do not know their own good and are therefore akin to madmen.326 Owing to the fact that interest occupies a central position in modern economic life, and specially since interest is the very life blood of the existing financial institutions, a number of Muslims have been inclined to interpret it in a manner which is radically different from the understanding of Muslim scholars throughout the last fourteen centuries and is also sharply in conflict with the categorical statements of the Prophet (peace be on him). According to Islamic teachings any excess on the capital is riba (interest). Islam accepts no distinction, in so far as prohibition is concerned, between reasonable and exorbitant rates of interest, and thus what came to be regarded as the difference between usury and interest; nor between returns on bonus for consumption and those for production purposes and so on#
*** The concept of usury and its prohibition is copied by the Quran directly from the New Testament. The Torah (Hebrew Bible) allows interest between an Israelite and others because 'others' would not lend an Israelite without an interest.
It is otherwise prohibited under any circumstances that an Israelite should charge another, interest on a loan. the Torah considers the act of lending between Israelites as one of charity and assistance.
Deut 23: 21"To a stranger you may lend upon interest;but to your brother you shall not lend upon interest; that the Lord your God may bless you in all that you set your hand to in the land where you are entering to possess"
Usuryis the charging of interest at an excessive and immoral rateBUT is invariably a bilateral agreement between borrower and lender.
Proverbs 28: 8"He who by usury and unjust gain increases his wealth, gathers it for him who graciously regards the poor"
Both Christianity and Islam have had to resort to incredible lengths of intellectual and 'theological' contortions to bridge this 'gap' in their economics.
I firmly believe that the interpreters of this verse are wrong especially since Muhammad - who was a successful trader after all - died before having had time to explain its meaning. In his trading expeditions, and as a natural way of trading all over the civilized world, throughout history, then as well as now, interest on loans was and is the norm ***
276> Allah will deprive usury of all blessing but will give increase for deeds of charity: for He loveth not creatures ungrateful and wicked.
*** This verse is a modified version of the Biblical injunction in Deut 23:20***
277> Those who believe and do deeds of righteousness and establish regular prayers and regular charity will have their reward with their Lord: on them shall be no fear nor shall they grieve.
278> O ye who believe! fear Allah and give up what remains of your demand for usury if ye are indeed believers.
279> If ye do it not take notice of war from Allah and his Apostle: but if ye turn back ye shall have your capital sums; deal not unjustly and ye shall not be dealt with unjustly.
280> If the debtor is in a difficulty grant him time till it is easy for him to repay. But if ye remit if by way of charity that is best for you if ye only knew.
281> And fear the day when ye shall be brought back to Allah. Then shall every soul be paid what it earned and none shall be dealt with unjustly.
282>O ye who believe! when ye deal with each other in transactions involving future obligations in a fixed period of time reduce them to writing. Let a scribe write down faithfully as between the parties: let not the scribe refuse to write as Allah has taught him so let him write. Let him who incurs the liability dictate but let him fear his Lord Allah and not diminish aught of what he owes. If the party liable is mentally deficient or weak or unable himself to dictate let his guardian dictate faithfully. And get two witnesses out of your own men and if there are not two men then a man and two women such as ye choose for witnesses so that if one of them errs the other can remind her. The witnesses should not refuse when they are called on (for evidence). Disdain not to reduce to writing (your contract) for a future period whether it be small or big: it is juster in the sight of Allah more suitable as evidence and more convenient to prevent doubts among yourselves; but if it be a transaction which ye carry out on the spot among yourselves there is no blame on you if ye reduce it not to writing. But take witnesses whenever ye make a commercial contract; and let neither scribe nor witness suffer harm. If ye do (such harm) it would be wickedness in you. So fear Allah; for it is Allah that teaches you. And Allah is well acquainted with all things.
# 329 The first part of the verse deals with transactions involving future payment or future consideration, and the second part with transactions in which payment and delivery are made on the spot. Examples of the former are if goods are bought now and payment is promised at a fixed time and place in the future, or if cash is paid now and delivery is contracted for at a fixed time and place in the future. In such cases a written document is recommended, but it is held that the words later on in this verse, that it is "juster . . . more suitable as evidence, and more convenient to prevent doubts", etc. imply that it is not obligatory in law. Examples of the latter kind - cash payment and delivery on the spot - require no evidence in writing, but apparently oral witnesses to such transactions are recommended. 330 The scribe in such matters assumes a fiduciary capacity: he should therefore remember to act as in the presence of God, with full justice to both parties. The art of writing he should look upon as a gift from God, and he should use it as in His service. In an illiterate population the scribe's position is still more responsible. 331 Possibly the person "mentally deficient, or weak, or unable to dictate", may also be incapable of making a valid contract, and the whole duty would be on his guardian, who again must act in perfect good faith, not only protecting but vigilantly promoting the interests of his ward.332 It is desirable that the men (or women) who are chosen as witness should be from the circle to which the parties belong, as they would best be able to understand the transaction, and be most easily available if their evidence is required in future.333 Commercial morality is here taught on the highest plane and yet in the most practical manner, both as regards the bargains to be made, the evidence to be provided, the doubts to be avoided, and the duties and rights of scribes and witnesses. Probity even in worldly matters is to be, not a mere matter of convenience or policy, but a matter of conscience and religious duty. Even our every-day transactions are to be carried out as in the presence of God#
*** Most of these injunctions are taken directly from the Torah and Rabbinic writings. What is very obviously and deliberately missing in the interpretations, is the fact that this verse makes it clear that it requires two women witnesses to be equal to one man***
283>If ye are on a journey and cannot find a scribe a pledge with possession (may serve the purpose). And if one of you deposits a thing on trust with another let the trustee (faithfully) discharge his trust and let him fear his Lord. Conceal not evidence; for whoever conceals it his heart is tainted with sin. And Allah knoweth all ye do.
284>To Allah belongeth all that is in the heavens and on earth. Whether ye show what is in your minds or conceal it Allah calleth you to account for it. He forgiveth whom He pleaseth and punisheth whom He pleaseth. For Allah hath power over all things.
285>The Apostle believeth in what hath been revealed to him from his Lord as do the men of faith. Each one (of them) believeth in Allah His angels His books and His Apostles "We make no distinction (they say) between one and another of His Apostles." And they say: "We hear and we obey; (We seek) Thy forgiveness Our Lord and to Thee is the end of all journeys."
*** Although the Quran in this verse asserts that all previous revelations are sacred and inviolate, neither Muhammad nor his followers abided by them. On the contrary, they attacked the Jews and Christians not only in verse - the Madina verses - but also by physical eradication. So much for 'peaceful Islam' ***
286>On no soul doth Allah place a burden greater than it can bear. It gets every good that it earns and it suffers every ill that it earns. (Pray): "Our Lord! condemn us not if we forget or fall into error; our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which Thou didst lay on those before us; Our Lord! lay not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Blot out our sins and grant us forgiveness. Have mercy on us. Thou art our Protector; help us against those who stand against faith."
*** This is from Psalm 51: "10. Let me hear joy and gladness; that the bones which you have broken may rejoice.11. Hide your face from my sins, and blot out all my iniquities.12. Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a constant spirit inside me"
While such supplications make sense in the context of Free Choice in the religion of the Jews, the above is utterly meaningless in the cult of Muhammad since Allah had and has already pre ordained humanity to their destinies. They have no freedom of choice; they go to Hell or Heaven not because of their deeds but because Allah had pre destined them to end there ***
The reader must decide, upon comparing, contrasting and evaluating the information provided, whether the Quran is divinely revealed or not.