An-Nisaa (The Women) (4)- 176 M

1        > O mankind! reverence your Guardian-Lord Who created you from a single person created of like nature his mate and from them twain scattered (like seeds) countless men and women; reverence Allah through Whom ye demand your mutual (rights) and (reverence) the wombs (that bore you): for Allah ever watches over you.

       #504        Nafs may mean: (1) soul; (2) self; (3) person, living person; (4) will, good pleasure, as in iv. 4 below. Minha: I follow the construction suggested by Imam Razn. The particle min would then suggest here a species, a nature, a similarity. The pronoun ha refers of course to Nafs. 505        All our mutual rights and duties are referred to Allah. We are His creatures: His Will is the standard and measure of Allah; and our duties are measured by our conformity with His Will. "Our wills are ours, to make them Thine," says Tennyson (In Memoriam). Among ourselves (human beings) our mutual rights and duties arise out of Allah's Law, the sense of Right that is implanted in us by Him.506        Among the most wonderful mysteries of our nature is that of sex. The unregenerate male is apt, in the pride of his physical strength, to forget the all-important part which the female plays in his very existence, and in all the social relationships that arise in our collective human lives. The mother that bore us must ever have our reverence. The wife, through whom we enter parentage, must have our reverence. Sex, which governs so much of our physical life, and has so much influence on our emotional and higher nature, deserves-not our fear, or our contempt, or our amused indulgence, but-our reverence in the highest sense of the term. With this fitting introduction we enter on a discussion of women, orphans, and family relationships#

       *** A very well expressed opinion but rarely adhered to by the Muhammadan male chauvinists, who deliberately mis-interpret the Quran to suit the male over the female.

       In most 'Muslim' societies, the female is -less than- a second class citizen with very limited rights compare to those of their male counterparts.

        Only in the more enlightened but rare periods of Islamic governance, were women allowed greater freedom and equality***

2>        To orphans restore their property (when they reach their age) nor substitute (your) worthless things for (their) good ones; and devour not their substance (by mixing it up) with your own.  For this is indeed a great sin.

       #507        Justice to orphans is enjoined, and three things are particularly mentioned as temptations in the way of a guardian: (I) He must not postpone restoring all his ward's property when the time comes; subject to iv. S below. (2) If there is a list of property, it is not enough that that list should be technically followed: the property restored must be of equal value to the property received: the same principle applies where there is no list. (3) If property is managed together, or where perishable goods must necessarily be consumed, the strictest probity is necessary when the separation takes place, and this is insisted on. See also ii. 220 and note.#

       *** What follows are rules and regulations regarding charity, orphans, women, marriage, divorce, criminality etc. that are copied either fully, or with suitable modifications, from the Torah and Rabbinical writings.

       Deut 10: 18" He executes the judgment of the orphan and widow, and loves the stranger, giving him food and garment.19. Love you therefore the stranger; for you were strangers in the land of Egypt"
       The pagan Arabians had no such rules especially since they sacrificed humans, murdered unwanted female chidren, and settled differences through blood feuds***

4:3        If ye fear that ye shall not be able to deal justly with the orphans marry women of your choice two or three or four; but if ye fear that ye shall not be able to deal justly (with them) then only one or (a captive) that your right hands possess.  That will be more suitable to prevent you from doing injustice.

       #508        Notice the conditional clause about orphans, introducing the rules about marriage. This reminds us of the immediate occasion of the promulgation of this verse. It was after Uhud, when the Muslim community was left with many orphans and widows and some captives of war. Their treatment was to be governed by principles of the greatest humanity and equity. The occasion is past, but the principles remain. Marry the orphans if you are quite sure that you will in that way protect their interests and their property, with perfect justice to them and to your own dependents if you have any. If not, make other arrangements for the orphans. (4.3) 539        As the woman in marriage surrenders her person, so the man also must surrender at least some of his property according to his means. And this gives rise to the law of Dower. A minimum dower is prescribed, but it is not necessary to stick to the minimum, and in the new relationship created, the parties are recommended to act towards each other with the greatest confidence and liberality.#

       *** Most of the Quranic ethics and judicial rules are derived from the Torah and rabbinical writings. For example

Exodus 21: 10"If he takes for himself another wife; her food, her garment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.11. And if he does not do these three things to her, then shall she go out free without payment of money".

       While the ordinary followers of Muhammad were only allowed a maximum of four wives, Muhammad was allowed, by the usual 'made to order revelation' to marry any number he so desired.

       accordingto the generally accepted reports, he 'married' twelve, divorced one, had two important concubines as well as numerous other females who were his share of the plunder ***        
4>        And give the women (on marriage) their dower as a free gift; but if they of their own good pleasure remit any part of it to you take it and enjoy it with right good cheer.

5>        To those weak of understanding make not over your property which Allah hath made a means of support for you but feed and clothe them therewith and speak to them words of kindness and justice.

6>        Make trial of orphans until they reach the age of marriage; if then ye find sound judgment in them release their property to them; but consume it not wastefully nor in haste against their growing up.  If the guardian is well-off let him claim no remuneration but if he is poor let him have for himself what is just and reasonable.  When ye release their property to them take witnesses in their presence: but all-sufficient is Allah in taking account.

7>        From what is left by parents and those nearest related there is a share for men and a share for women whether the property be small or large a determinate share.

8>        But if at the time of division other relatives of orphans or poor are present feed them out of the (property) and speak to them words of kindness and justice.

9>        Let those (disposing of an estate) have the same fear in their minds as they would have for their own if they had left a helpless family behind: let them fear Allah and speak words of appropriate (comfort).

10>        Those who unjustly eat up the property of orphans eat up a fire into their own bodies: they will soon be enduring a blazing fire!

11 Allah (thus) directs you as regards your children's (inheritance): to the male a portion equal to that of two females: if only daughters two or more their share is two-thirds of the inheritance; if only one her share is a half.  For parents a sixth share of the inheritance to each if the deceased left children; if no children and the parents are the (only) heirs the mother has a third; if the deceased left brothers (or sisters) the mother has a sixth.  (The distribution in all cases is) after the payment of legacies and debts. Ye know not whether your parents or your children are nearest to you in benefit.  These are settled portions ordained by Allah and Allah is All-Knowing All-Wise.
       #        516        The principles of inheritance law are laid down in broad outline in the Qur-an; the precise details have been worked out on the basis of the Prophet's practice and that of his Companions, and by interpretation and analogy. Muslim jurists have collected a vast amount of learning on this subject, and this body of law is enough by itself to form the subject of life-long study. Here we shall deal only with the broad principles to be gathered from the Text, as interpreted by the Jurists. (1) The power of testamentary disposition extends over only one-third of the Property; the remaining two-thirds are distributed among heirs as laid down. (2) All distribution takes place after the legacies and debts (including funeral expenses) have first been paid. (3) Legacies cannot be left to any of the heirs included in the scheme of distribution; or it will amount to upsetting the shares and undue preference of one heir to another. (4) Generally, but not always, the male takes a share double that of a female in his own category. 517        At first sight, the Arabic words seem to mean: "if more than two daughters." But the alternative in the next clause is: "if only one daughter." Logically, therefore, the first clause must mean: "if daughters, two or more." This is the general interpretation, and is confirmed by the supplementary provision in iv. 176 at the end of the Sura, which should be read along with this. (4.11) 518 This verse deals with the portions allotted to (a) children, and (b) parents. The next verse deals with the portions allotted to (c) husband or wife of the deceased, and (d) collaterals. The children's shares are fixed, but their amount will depend upon what goes to the parents. If both parents are living, and there are also children, both father and mother take a sixth each: if only one parent is living, he or she takes his or her sixth; and the rest goes to the children. If the parents are living, and there is no child or other heir, the mother gets a third (and the father the remaining two-thirds); if there are no children, but there are brothers or sisters (this is interpreted strictly in the plural), the mother has a sixth, and the father apparently the residue, as the father excludes collaterals. This is far from being an exhaustive statement, but it establishes the proposition that children and parents have always some share if they survive, but their shares are affected by the existence and number of the heirs in these categories.#        
       *** The above rules -as well as others- discriminate against the woman in that her inheritance is less than that of a man and that while a man can divorce a woman without any specific reason, a woman must have a set number of reasons to do so. Moreover, the man has prerogatives on sex (S 2:223) and discipline (S4:34) over the woman. Also, while a Muslim man can marry a Jewish or a Christian woman, a Muslim woman can only marry a Muslim man (S 5:6). Yet more, a man may marry four wives (S4:3) and have numerous concubines, while the woman in Islam can have only one husband.

       In general the Quran discriminates against women by depriving them from many of their most basic human rights, as individual, intelligent, productive and independent human beings.

       In fact, according to the historical record of the Arabs, the women in the Jahiliyah (before Islam), had many more rights that were denied them under Islam, such as: the right to choose a husband, the right to divorce; the right to conduct business indepedently; the right to travel without needing permission from the males of the family; the right to be a poetess, the right to debate, etc.

       The most important example of a pre-Islamic women, was Khadijah. It was she who chose Muhammad as her husband. It was because she was an independant and wealthy business woman, that Muhammad had the great leisure of not having to work and was able to meditate alone for long periods in the Hira cave.

       In fact, according to all the records, Khadijah was the most important influence on Muhammad and his mission both financially and religiously***

12>        In what your wives leave your share is a half if they leave no child; but if they leave a child ye get a fourth; after payment of legacies and debts.  In what ye leave their share is a fourth if ye leave no child; but if ye leave a child they get an eighth; after payment of legacies and debts.  If the man or woman whose inheritance is in question has left neither ascendants nor descendants but has left a brother or a sister each one of the two gets a sixth; but if more than two they share in a third; after payment of legacies and debts; so that no loss is caused (to anyone).  Thus is it ordained by Allah and Allah is All-Knowing Most Forbearing.

13        Those are limits set by Allah: those who obey Allah and His Apostle will be admitted to Gardens with rivers flowing beneath to abide therein (for ever) and that will be the Supreme achievement.

14>        But those who disobey Allah and His Apostle and transgress His limits will be admitted to a fire to abide therein: and they shall have a humiliating punishment.

15>        If any of your women are guilty of lewdness take the evidence of four (reliable) witnesses from amongst you against them; and if they testify confine them to houses until death do claim them or Allah ordain for them some (other) way.
       *** How could there be four witnesses to an act of fornication unless they too were part of the act? Otherwise they should have interfered instead of standing and observing***

16>        If two men among you are guilty of lewdness punish them both.  If they repent and amend leave them alone; for Allah is Oft-returning Most Merciful.
       *** While the punishment of the 'lewd' woman is death, that of a lewd man is much less severe. It is a travesty of justice and morality***

17>        Allah accepts the repentance of those who do evil in ignorance and repent soon afterwards; to them will Allah turn in mercy; for Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.

18>        Of no effect is the repentance of those who continue to do evil until death faces one of them and he says "Now have I repented indeed"; nor of those who die rejecting faith: for them have We prepared a punishment most grievous.

19        O ye who believe! ye are forbidden to inherit women against their will.  Nor should ye treat them with harshness that ye may take away part of the dower ye have given them except where they have been guilty of open lewdness; on the contrary live with them on a footing of kindness and equity.  If ye take a dislike to them it may be that ye dislike a thing and Allah brings about through it a great deal of good.

20        But if ye decide to take one wife in place of another even if ye had given the latter a whole treasure for dower take not the least bit of it back: would ye take it by slander and a manifest wrong?

21        And how could ye take it when ye have gone in unto each other and they have taken from you a solemn covenant?

22>        And marry not women whom your fathers married except what is past: it was shameful and odious an abominable custom indeed.

23>        Prohibited to you (for marriage) are: your mother daughters sisters father's sisters mother's sisters; brother's daughters sister's daughters foster-mothers (who gave you suck) foster-sisters; your wives' mothers; your step-daughters under your guardianship born of your wives to whom ye have gone in no prohibition if ye have not gone in; (those who have been) wives of your sons proceeding from your loins; and two sisters in wedlock at one and the same time except for what is past; for Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful

       #531        This Table of Prohibited Degrees agrees in the main with what is usually accepted among all nations, except in minor details. It begins in the last verse (with father's widows or divorcees). The scheme is drawn up on the assumption that the person who proposes to marry is a man: if it is a woman, the same scheme will apply, mutatis mutandis: it will read: "your fathers, sons, brothers," etc.; or you can always read it from the husband's view of relationship, as there must always be a husband in a marriage.532        "Mother" includes grandmother (through the father or mother), great grandmother, etc.; "daughter" includes grand-daughter (through son or daughter), greatgrand daughter, etc.; "sister," includes full-sister and half-sister. "Father's sister" includes grandfather's sister, etc., and "mother's sister" includes grandmother's sister, etc. 533        "Fosterage" or milk-relationships play an important part in Muslim Law, and count like blood-relationships: it would therefore seem that not only foster-mothers and foster-sisters, but foster-mother's sister, etc., all come within the prohibited degrees. 534 It is generally held that "under your guardianship" is a description, not a condition. 535 "Sons" includes grandsons. 536        The bar against two sisters in marriage together applies to aunt and niece together, but not to deceased wife's sister#

       ***  All the above prohibitions and the ones following, are copied directly from the Bible.

        Leviticus 18:" 1. And the Lord spoke to Moses, saying,2. Speak to the people of Israel, and say to them, I am the Lord your God.3. After the doings of the land of Egypt, where you dwelt, shall you not do; and after the doings of the land of Canaan, where I bring you, shall you not do; nor shall you walk in their ordinances.4. You shall do my judgments, and keep my ordinances, to walk with them; I am the Lord your God.5. You shall therefore keep my statutes, and my judgments; which if a man does, he shall live in them; I am the Lord.6. None of you shall approach to any who is near of kin to him, to uncover their nakedness; I am the Lord.7. The nakedness of your father, or the nakedness of your mother, shall you not uncover; she is your mother; you shall not uncover her nakedness8. The nakedness of your father's wife shall you not uncover; it is your father's nakedness.9. The nakedness of your sister, the daughter of your father, or daughter of your mother, whether she was born at home, or born abroad, their nakedness you shall not uncover.10. The nakedness of your son's daughter, or of your daughter's daughter, their nakedness you shall not uncover; for theirs is your own nakedness.11. The nakedness of your father's wife's daughter, fathered by your father; she is your sister, you shall not uncover her nakedness.12. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father's sister; she is your father's near kinswoman.13. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your mother's sister; for she is your mother's near kinswoman.14. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your father's brother, you shall not approach his wife; she is your aunt.15. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your daughter-in-law; she is your son's wife; you shall not uncover her nakedness 16. You shall not uncover the nakedness of your brother's wife; it is your brother's nakedness.17. You shall not uncover the nakedness of a woman and her daughter, nor shall you take her son's daughter, or her daughter's daughter, to uncover her nakedness; for they are her near kinswomen; it is wickedness.18. Neither shall you take a rival wife to her sister, to uncover her nakedness, beside the other in her life time.19. Also you shall not approach a woman to uncover her nakedness, as long as she is put apart for her menstrual uncleanness20. Moreover you shall not lie carnally with your neighbor's wife, to defile yourself with her.21. And you shall not let any of your seed pass through the fire to Molech, nor shall you profane the name of your God; I am the Lord.22. You shall not lie with men, as with women; it is abomination.23. Neither shall you lie with any beast to defile yourself with it; nor shall any woman stand before a beast to lie down to it; it is perversion.24. Defile not you yourselves in any of these things; for in all these the nations are defiled which I cast out before you;25. And the land is defiled; therefore I do punish its iniquity upon it, and the land itself vomits out her inhabitants"***

24>                   Also (prohibited are) women already married except those whom your right hands possess.  Thus hath Allah ordained (prohibitions) against you: except for these all others are lawful provided ye seek (them in marriage) with gifts from your property desiring chastity not lust.  Seeing that ye derive benefit from them give them their dowers (at least) as prescribed; but if after a dower is prescribed ye agree mutually (to vary it) there is no blame on you and Allah is All-Knowing All-Wise.        
       #Whom your right hands possess: i.e., captives. (4.24)538 After defining the prohibited degrees, the verse proceeds to say that women other than those specified may be sought in marriage, but even so, not from motives of lust, but in order to promote chastity between the sexes. Marriage in the original Arabic is here described by a word which suggests a fortress (hisn): marriage is, therefore, the fortress of chastity. (4.24)539        As the woman in marriage surrenders her person, so the man also must surrender at least some of his property according to his means. And this gives rise to the law of Dower. A minimum dower is prescribed, but it is not necessary to stick to the minimum, and in the new relationship created, the parties are recommended to act towards each other with the greatest confidence and liberality#
       *** In short, Allah, the All Merciful and Compassionate, is saying, "For you 'Muslims', it's a crime to go after married women, but if they happen to be your captives (which obviously all the non-Muslim women were), then feel free to indulge yourself with them at will and without restraint or inhibition such as rape and sexual torture.

       "lawful unto you are all beyond those mentioned" Allah is making it legal for Muhammadans to go ahead and rape Non-Muslim women by Divine Law.

       One shudders to imagine what kind of a mind could have invented such utterly Satanic, immoral and sadistic ideas***

25        If any of you have not the means wherewith to wed free believing women they may wed believing girls from among those whom your right hands possess: and Allah hath full knowledge about your faith.  Ye are one from another: wed them with the leave of their owners and give them their dowers according to what is reasonable: they should be chaste not lustful nor taking paramours: when they are taken in wedlock if they fall into shame their punishment is half that for free women.  This (permission) is for those among you who fear sin; but it is better for you that ye practice self-restraint: and Allah is Oft-forgiving Most Merciful.

26>        Allah doth wish to make clear to you and to show you the ordinances of those before you; and (He doth wish to) turn to you (in Mercy): and Allah is All-Knowing All-Wise.

27>        Allah doth wish to turn to you but the wish of those who follow their lusts is that ye should turn away (from Him) far away.

28>        Allah doth wish to lighten your (difficulties): for man was created weak (in flesh).

29        O ye who believe! eat not up your property among yourselves in vanities: but let there be amongst you traffic and trade by mutual good-will: nor kill (or destroy) yourselves: for verily Allah hath been to you Most Merciful.

30>        If any do that in rancor and injustice soon shall We cast them into the fire: and easy it is for Allah.

31>        If ye (but) eschew the most heinous of the things which ye are forbidden to do We shall expel out of you all the evil in you and admit you to a Gate of great honor.

32        And in no wise covet those things in which Allah hath bestowed his gifts more freely on some of you than on others: to men is allotted what they earn and to women what they earn: but ask Allah of His bounty: for Allah hath full knowledge of all things.

33        To (benefit) everyone We have appointed sharers and heirs to property left by parents and relatives.  To those also to whom your right hand was pledged give their due portion: for truly Allah is Witness to all things.

34>        Men are the protectors and maintainers of women because Allah has given the one more (strength) than the other and because they support them from their means.  Therefore the righteous women are devoutly obedient and guard in (the husband's) absence what Allah would have them guard.  As to those women on whose part ye fear disloyalty and ill-conduct admonish them (first) (next) refuse to share their beds (and last) beat them (lightly); but if they return to obedience seek not against them means (of annoyance): for Allah is Most High Great (above you all).        
       *** The Quran puts the position of the female Muhammadan invariably at a lower and subservient level to that of the male. Women are actually made a man's possession by Allah's decree. So much for the superior morality, justice and compassion of the Quran over those of the People of the Book***

35>        If ye fear a breach between them twain appoint (two) arbiters one from his family and the other from hers; if they wish for peace Allah will cause their reconciliation: for Allah hath full knowledge and is acquainted with all things.

36>        Serve Allah and join not any partners with Him: and do good to parents kinsfolk orphans those in need neighbors who are near neighbors who are strangers the companion by your side the way-farer (ye meet) and what your right hands possess: for Allah loveth not the arrogant the vainglorious;

37        (Nor) those who are niggardly or enjoin niggardliness on others or hide the bounties which Allah hath bestowed on them; for We have prepared for those who resist faith a punishment that steeps them in contempt.

38>        (Nor) those who spend of their substance to be seen of men but have no faith in Allah and the Last Day: if any take the Evil One for their intimate what a dreadful intimate he is!

39>        And what burden were it on them if they had faith in Allah and in the Last Day and they spent out of what Allah hath given them for sustenance?  For Allah hath full Knowledge of them.

40>        Allah is never unjust in the least degree: if there is any good (done) He doubleth it and giveth from His own presence a great reward.

41        How then if We brought from each people a witness and We brought thee as a witness against these people!

4:42        On that day those who reject faith and disobey the Apostle will wish that the earth were made one with them: but never will they hide a single fact from Allah!

43>        O ye who believe! approach not prayers with a mind befogged until ye can understand all that ye say nor in a state of ceremonial impurity (except when travelling on the road) until after washing your whole body if ye are ill or on a journey or one of you cometh from offices of nature or ye have been in contact with women and ye find no water then take for yourselves clean sand or earth and rub therewith your faces and hands.  For Allah doth blot out sins and forgive again and again.

       # 561        Those who reject Allah's message will wish, when their eyes are opened, that they were reduced to dust, for existence itself will be agony to them. They might like to hide in the dust, but nothing is hidden from Allah. All their past will stand out clear before Him#        
       *** This verse is commanding his disciples to go to prayers totally sober. It does NOT prohibit them -yet- from drinking intoxicants. This verse was later abrogated by another***

44>        Hast thou not turned thy vision to those who were given a portion of the Book?  They traffic in error and wish that ye should lose the right path

45>        But Allah hath full knowledge of your enemies: Allah is enough for a protector and Allah is enough for a Helper

46 Of the Jews there are those who displace words from their (right) places and say: "We hear and we disobey"; and "Hear what is not heard": and "Ra`ina"; with a twist of their tongues and a slander to faith.  If only they had said: "We hear and we obey"; and "Do hear"; and "Do look at us": it would have been better for them and more proper; but Allah hath cursed them for their unbelief; and but few of them will believe.

       #565        See ii. 93, n. 98. A trick of the Jews was to twist words and expressions, so as to ridicule the most solemn teachings of Faith. Where they should have said, "We hear and we obey," they said aloud, "We hear," and whispered, "We disobey." Where they should have said respectfully, "We hear," they added in a whisper, "May you not hear," by way of ridicule. Where they claimed the attention of the Prophet, they used an ambiguous word apparently harmless, but in their intention disrespectful. 566  See ii. 104, n. 106. "Raina" if used respectfully in the Arabic way, would have meant "Please attend to us." With a twist of their tongue, they suggested an insulting meaning, such as "O thou that takest us to pasture!" or in Hebrew, "Our bad one!"#

       *** The only tricks that one can glean so far, are embedded in the Quranic accounts and no where else. Every allegation made in the verse above is false and cannot be substantiated by any records. The Quranic venom against the Jews is unrelenting in its repetition and mendacity.

       The merciless message of hate and calumny within it, is NOT worthy of any book that is supposed to be 'revealing' and 'divine'.

       Such verses only reflect the lack of confidence of the Quran for being a plagiarizer and perverter of the Bible and Hebrew scriptures. It does its best to give itself legitimacy and originality, through the only recourse available to it:defamation,deceit, degradation and insults heaped relentlessly against the People of the Book***~

47>        O ye people of the Book! believe in what We have (now) revealed confirming what was (already) with you before We change the face and fame of some (of you) beyond all recognition and turn them hindwards or curse them as We cursed the Sabbath-breakers: for the decision of Allah must be carried out.

       #567        Literally, "before We obliterate some features (or faces) and turn them front to back (or back to front)": an Arabic idiom, which must be translated freely to yield its proper meaning in English. The face is the chief expression of a man's own real essence; it is also the index of his fame and estimation. The People of the Book had been specially favoured by Allah with revelations. If they proved themselves unworthy, they lost their "face". Their eminence would, owing to their own conduct, be turned into degradation. Others would take their place. The first shall be last and the last shall be first: Matt. xix. 30#

       ***  If one wants to destroy someone else, one must first find a serious fault in one's intended victim (irrespective if the fault is real or not), and then through this 'logic', justify their destruction.

       The Quran does this superbly: It uses the revealed Book of the Jews, picks out the items that suits its agenda of defamation and then uses this, as an excuse to deprive its victims of their humanity, their decency and their rights, hence justifying their destruction.

       At the expense of being repetetive -the Quran is, after all, a master of repetition- it should be pointed again, that there is absolutely NOTHING whatsoever in the Quran, that represents a new and practical, spiritual or theological, precept, concept thought or idea that it reveals to any intelligent human being, that has not already been availble to humanity for the previous 2100 years in the Bible.

       In fact, the verse above only asserts that it, the Quran, is ONLY a confirmation of PREVIOUS REVELATIONS***

48>        Allah forgiveth not that partners should be set up with him; but He forgiveth anything else to whom He pleaseth; to set up partners with Allah is to devise a sin most heinous indeed.

       #569        Just as in an earthly kingdom the worst crime is that of treason, as it cuts at the very existence of the State, so in the Divine Kingdom, the unforgivable sin is that of contumacious treason against Allah by putting up Allah's creatures in rivalry against Him. This is rebellion against the Creator. It is what Plato would call the "lie in the soul." But even here, if the rebellion is through ignorance, and is followed by sincere repentance and amendment, Allah's Mercy is always open (iv. 17)#

       *** The worst crime in the 'eyes' of the Quran is Shirk, associating anyone or anything with Allah.

       Such a prohibition was mandated upon the Israelites, 2100 years before Muhammad and his Quran, at the Mount of Revelation, Sinai***

49        Hast thou not turned thy vision to those who claim sanctity for themselves?  Nay but Allah doth sanctify whom He pleaseth but never will they fail to receive justice in the least little thing.

50        Behold! how they invent a lie against Allah! but that by itself is a manifest sin!

51>        Hast thou not turned thy vision to those who were given a portion of the Book?  They believe in sorcery and evil and say to the unbelievers that they are better guided in the (right) way than the believers!

52        They are (men) whom Allah hath cursed: and those whom Allah hath cursed thou wilt find have no one to help.

53>        Have they a share in dominion or power?  Behold they give not a farthing to their fellow-men!

54>        Or do they envy mankind for what Allah hath given them of His bounty? But We had already given the people of Abraham the Book and Wisdom and conferred upon them a great kingdom.        
       *** The translation of the verse is wrong, whether deliberately or not, is immaterial. It should read

"…We had already given Abraham the Book and the wisdom and conferred upon them (the Israelites) a great kingdom" (that of David and Solomon).

       The Quran is as usual, factually wrong -since it contradicts the original story in the Bible- as Abraham never received a written revelation in Book form nor did they have a kingdom in the days of Abraham***        

55>        Some of them believed and some of them averted their faces from him: and enough is hell for a burning fire.

56>        Those who reject Our Signs We shall soon cast into the fire: as often as their skins are roasted through We shall change them for fresh skins that they may taste the penalty: for Allah is Exalted in Power Wise.        
       *** Allah is full of hate, anger and rage towards all humans who associate partners with him. The Merciful and Compassionate Allah, the same who pre-destined all these humans to the eternal torments of his Hell, also enjoys watching their suffering.

       These wretched human beings suffer an incredible injustice through no fault of their own, as they have had no FREE WILL in the make up of their decisions***

57>        But those who believe and do deeds of righteousness We shall soon admit to gardens with rivers flowing beneath their eternal home: therein shall they have companions pure and holy: We shall admit them to shades cool and ever deepening.

58>        Allah doth command you to render back your trusts to those to whom they are due; and when ye judge between man and man that ye judge with justice: verily how excellent is the teaching which He giveth you! for Allah is He who heareth and seeth all things.

59        O ye who believe! obey Allah and obey the Apostle and those charged with authority among you.  If ye differ in anything among yourselves refer it to Allah and His Apostle if ye do believe in Allah and the Last Day: that is best and most suitable for final determination.        

       *** The often repeated mantra of "Allah and his Apostle" does not make clear to the reader, that since Allah does not address or get involved directly with the believers, in the final analysis, it is only Muhammad, who has the final word.

       Allah, is only mentioned, to give Muhammad divine sanctions which allow him to do whatever he wants, no matter how unjust, immoral or unacceptable it may be***

60>        Hast thou not turned thy vision to those who declare that they believe in the revelations that have come to thee and to those before thee? Their (real) wish is to resort together for judgment (in their disputes) to the Evil One though they were ordered to reject him. But Satan's wish is to lead them astray far away (from the Right).

61        When it is said to them: "Come to what Allah hath revealed and to the Apostle": thou seest the Hypocrites avert their faces from thee in disgust.

62        How then when they are seized by misfortune because of the deeds which their hands have sent forth?  Then they come to thee swearing by Allah: "We meant no more than good-will and conciliation!"

63        Those men Allah knows what is in their hearts; so keep clear of them but admonish them and speak to them a word to reach their very souls.

64        We sent not an Apostle but to be obeyed in accordance with the will of Allah.  If they had only when they were unjust to themselves come unto thee and asked Allah's forgiveness and the Apostle had asked forgiveness for them they would have found Allah indeed Oft-Returning most Merciful.

       *** Muhammad is making himself indispensable to his followers as an intercessor with Allah. Not a single one of the numerous Hebrew prophets made such a preposterous, unwarranted, untruthful, self-centered and self aggrandizing claim***

65        But no by thy Lord they can have no (real) Faith until they make thee judge in all disputes between them and find in their souls no resistance against thy decisions but accept them with the fullest conviction.

66        If We had ordered them to sacrifice their lives or to leave their homes very few of them would have done it: but if they had done what they were (actually) told it would have been best for them and would have gone farthest to strengthen their (faith).

67        And We should then have given them from Our Presence a great reward.

68        And We should have shown them the Straight Way.

69        All who obey Allah and the Apostle are in the company of those on whom is the Grace of Allah of the Prophets (who teach) the sincere (lovers of truth) the witnesses (who testify) and the righteous (who do good): ah! what a beautiful fellowship!

       *** Once more, it has to be pointed out, that the Madina 'revelations' contained the often repeated mantra of "Allah and his apostle"; invariably associating and twinning Allah with Muhammad in the mind of reader.

       An association which, when looked at in more depth, would reveal the fact that Allah is not at all involved in any of the promises, declarations and 'revelations' since the reader has to take the word of Muhammadd alone as the basis for these 'facts'.

       In fact, according to the Quran, Allah NEVER adddresses Muhammad directly and personally because every verse is ONLY revealed through the second-hand agency of the angel Gabriel***

4:70        Such is the Bounty from Allah: and sufficient is it that Allah knoweth all

71        O ye who believe! take your precautions and either go forth in parties or go forth all together.

72        There are certainly among you men who would tarry behind: if a misfortune befalls you,  They say: "Allah did favor us in that we were not present among them."

73        But if good fortune comes to you from Allah they would be sure to say as if there had never been ties of affection between you and them "Oh! I wish I had been with them; a fine thing should I then have made of it!"

74>        Let those fight in the cause of Allah who sell the life of this world for the Hereafter. To him who fighteth in the cause of Allah whether he is slain or gets victory soon shall We give him a reward of great (value).
       *** Jihad, Jihad, always Jihad as the best and ONLY path to the Muhammadan version of salavation.

       Not one single verse in the Quran has any 'spiritual' connotations. All the Quran does, is to exhort its followers to do eternal and unremitting war against all other human beings, until they make them submit to their terror, be convert, or be destroyed.

        There is absolutely nothing GODLY or truly DIVINE in any of its verses***

75        And why should ye not fight in the cause of Allah and of those who being weak are ill-treated (and oppressed)?  Men women and children whose cry is: "Our Lord! rescue us from this town whose people are oppressors; and raise for us from Thee one who will protect; and raise for us from Thee one who will help!"

76>        Those who believe fight in the cause of Allah and those who reject faith fight in the cause of evil: so fight ye against the friends of Satan: feeble indeed is the cunning of Satan.        

       *** Repeatedly  and without a single instance of compassion or mercy, the Quran glorifies and sanctifies all acts of aggression against all humanity for as long as they do not believe in Allah and in Muhammad as his messenger.

       This is a most awful and unforgivable hatemongering book, not befitting an alleged 'divine revelation' of any kind.

       In fact, it contains the most SATANIC exhortations to be found in any Scripture on the face of the Earth***

77        Hast thou not turned thy vision to those who were told to hold back their hands (from fight) but establish regular prayers and spend in regular charity?  When (at length) the order for fighting was issued to them behold! a section of them feared men as or even more than they should have feared Allah: they say: "Our Lord! why hast Thou ordered us to fight?  Wouldst Thou not grant us respite to our (natural) term near (enough)?"  Say: "Short is the enjoyment of this world: the Hereafter is the best for those who do right: never will ye be dealt with unjustly in the very least!

78        "Wherever ye are death will find you out even if ye are in towers built up strong and high!"  If some good befalls them they say "This is from Allah"; but if evil they say "this is from thee" (O Prophet). Say: "All things are from Allah.  But what hath come to these people that they fail to understand a single fact?

79        Whatever good (O man!) happens to thee is from Allah; but whatever evil happens to thee is from thy (own) soul.  And We have sent thee as an Apostle to (instruct) mankind: and enough is Allah for a witness.

       *** This is yet another untruthful, illogical and meaningless verse made to look sensible. Since human behaviour and destiny are pre-ordained, then there cannot be any blame put on any human being, for whatever they do.

       Acccording to the Quran, humans have NO FREE WILL, because everything is

       The corollary of such a dogma is simply the following:

       Since human behaviour is pre-destined, then there is, logically, no need for Religion. If there is no need for Religion, then there is no needd for Prophets.

       Since there is no need for Prophets, then there is no need for Muhammad or any other self proclaimed messenger of Allah or God***

80        He who obeys the Apostle obeys Allah: but if any turn away We have not sent thee to watch over their (evil deeds).
       *** Without let up, this mantra of 'Allah and his Apostle' equates Muhammad with Allah. No where in any other scripture is any prophet given such an astounding measure of subservience, obedience, reverence and groveling.

       Even Moses, one of the most important of the prophets, KALIM'UL ALLAH {One who spoke to God directly} -unlike Muhammad who received his 'revelations' second hand- was never given such reverence by the Israelites or the Jews***

81        They have "Obedience" on their lips; but when they leave thee a section of them meditate all night on things very different from what thou tellest them but Allah records their nightly (plots): so keep clear of them and put thy trust in Allah; and enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs.

82        Do they not consider the Qur'an (with care)?  Had it been from other than Allah would surely have found therein much discrepancy

       #The unity of the Qur-an is admittedly greater than that of any other sacred book. And yet how can we account for it except through the unity of Allah's purpose and design? From a mere human point of view, we should have expected much discrepancy, because (1) the Messenger who promulgated it was not a learned man or philosopher, (2) it was promulgated at various times and in various circumstances, and (3) it is addressed to all grades of mankind. Yet, when properly understood, its various pieces fit together well even when arranged without any regard to chronological order. There was just the One Inspirer and the One Inspired#

       *** This is a preposterous statement since the Quran contains only a fraction of the history and precepts that are in the Bible. A copy can never be equal to the original***

83>        When there comes to them some matter touching (public) safety or fear they divulge it.  If they had only referred it to the Apostle or to those charged with authority among them the proper investigators would have tested it from them (direct).  Were it not for the Grace and Mercy of Allah unto you all but a few of you would have fallen into the clutches of Satan.

84        Then fight in Allah's cause thou art held responsible only for thyself and rouse the believers.  It may be that Allah will restrain the fury of the unbelievers: for Allah is the strongest in might and in punishment.

85>        Whoever recommends and helps a good cause becomes a partner therein: and whoever recommends and helps an evil cause shares in its burden: and Allah hath power over all things.

86>        When a (courteous) greeting is offered you meet it with a greeting still more courteous (at least) of equal courtesy.  Allah takes careful account of all things.

87>        Allah! there is no god but He: of a surety He will gather you together against the Day of Judgment about which there is no doubt.  And whose word can be truer than Allah's?

88        Why should ye be divided into two parties about the hypocrites?  Allah hath upset them for their (evil) deeds.  Would ye guide those whom Allah hath thrown out of the way?  For those whom Allah hath thrown out of the way never shalt thou find the way.

89        They but wish that ye should reject faith as they do and thus be on the same footing (as they): but take not friends from their ranks until they flee in the way of Allah (from what is forbidden).  But if they turn renegades seize them and slay them wherever ye find them; and (in any case) take no friends or helpers from their ranks.

90        Except those who join a group between whom and you there is a treaty (of peace) or those who approach you with hearts restraining them from fighting you as well as fighting their own people.  If Allah had pleased He could have given them power over you and they would have fought you: therefore if they withdraw from you but fight you not and (instead) send you (guarantees of) peace then Allah hath opened no way for you (to war against them).

91        Others you will find that wish to gain your confidence as well as that of their people: every time they are sent back to temptation they succumb thereto: if they withdraw not from you nor give you (guarantees) of peace besides restraining their hands seize them and slay them.  Wherever ye get them: in their case We have provided you with a clear argument against them.

92        Never should a believer kill a believer; but (if it so happens) by mistake (compensation is due): if one (so) kills a believer it is ordained that he should free a believing slave and pay compensation to the deceased's family unless they remit it freely.  If the deceased belonged to a people at war with you and he was a believer the freeing of a believing slave (is enough).  If he belonged to a people with whom ye have a treaty of mutual alliance compensation should be paid to his family and a believing slave be freed.  For those who find this beyond their means (is prescribed) a fast for two months running: by way of repentance to Allah: for Allah hath all knowledge and all wisdom.

       #611        Life is absolutely sacred in the Islamic Brotherhood. But mistakes will sometimes happen, as did happen in the melee at Uhud, when some Muslims were killed (being mistaken for the enemy) by Muslims. There was no guilty intention: therefore there was no murder. But all the same, the family of the deceased was entitled to compensation unless they freely remitted it, and in addition it was provided that the unfortunate man who made the mistake should free a believing slave. Thus a deplorable mistake was made the occasion for winning the liberty of a slave who was a Believer, for Islam discountenances slavery. The compensation could only be paid if the deceased belonged to a Muslim society or to some people at peace with the Muslim society. Obviously it could not be paid if, though the deceased was a Believer, his people were at war with the Muslim society: even if his people could be reached, it is not fair to increase the resources of the enemy. If the deceased was himself an enemy at war, obviously the laws of war justify his being killed in warfare unless he surrendered. If the man who took life unintentionally has no means from which to free a believing slave or to give compensation, he must still by an act of strict self-denial (fasting for two whole months running) show that he is cognizant of the grave nature of the deed he has done and sincerely repentant. I take this to apply to all three cases mentioned: that is, where a Believer killed a Believer unintentionally and the deceased (1) belonged to the same community as you, or (2) belonged to a community at war with you, or (3) belonged to a community in alliance with you#

       *** The 'Islamic Brotherhood' is the figment of imagination of the Quran and its interpreters. From the moment Muhammad died until this day, Muhammadan Muslims have been killing and or murdering other Muhammadan Muslims with exactly the same severity as against the Kuffar (Unbelievers).

       The calamities that have befallen Muhammadan Muslims and Islam must -using the Quranic 'logic'- also be attributed to their own backsliders and perverters of the Quran; this is the same logic that the Quran sees fit to attack the Jews and Christians with***

93>        If a man kills a believer intentionally his recompense is Hell to abide therein (for ever): and the wrath and the curse of Allah are upon him and a dreadful penalty is prepared for him.

       #612        What is mentioned here is the punishment in the Hereafter. The legal consequences, enforceable by human society, are mentioned in ii. 178, under the rules of Qisas. That is, a life should be taken for a life destroyed, but this should be on a scale of equality: a single murder should not commit a whole tribe to a perpetual blood-feud, as in the days of ignorance. But if the heirs of the man slain accept reasonable compensation, this should be accepted, and the taking of a life for a life should be put a stop to. This course leads to the saving of life, and is commanded to men of understanding#

       *** Using the above rule, not many 'Muslims' could have gone to heaven since they have been mercilessly killing each other, both being so called 'believers' ***

94        O ye who believe! when ye go abroad in the cause of Allah investigate carefully and say not to anyone who offers you a salutation: "Thou art none of a believer!"  Coveting the perishable goods of this life: with Allah are profits and spoils abundant.  Even thus were ye yourselves before till Allah conferred on you His favors: therefore carefully investigate for Allah is well aware of all that ye do.

95        Not equal are those believers who sit (at home) and receive no hurt and those who strive and fight in the cause of Allah with their goods and their persons.  Allah hath granted a grade higher to those who strive and fight with their goods and persons than to those who sit (at home): unto all (in faith) hath Allah promised good: but those who strive and fight hath He distinguished above those who sit (at home) by a special reward.

96        Ranks specially bestowed by Him and Forgiveness and Mercy.  For Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.

97        When angels take the souls of those who die in sin against their souls they say: "In what (plight) were ye?"  They reply: "Weak and oppressed were we in the earth."  They say: "Was not the earth of Allah spacious enough for you to move yourselves away (from evil)?"  Such men will find their abode in Hell what an evil refuge!

98        Except those who are (really) weak and oppressed men women and children who have no means in their power nor (a guide-post) to direct their way.

99        For these there is hope that Allah will forgive: for Allah doth blot out (sins) and forgive again and again.

100        He who forsakes his home in the cause of Allah finds in the earth many a refuge wide and spacious: should he die as a refugee from home for Allah and his Apostle his reward becomes due and sure with Allah: and Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.

101        When ye travel through the earth there is no blame on you if ye shorten your prayers for fear the unbelievers may attack you: for the unbelievers are unto you open enemies.

102        When thou (O Apostle) art with them and standest to lead them in prayer let one party of them stand up (in prayer) with thee taking their arms with them: when they finish their prostrations let them take their positions in the rear and let the other party come up which hath not yet prayed and let them pray with thee taking all precautions and bearing arms: the unbelievers wish if ye were negligent of your arms and your baggage to assault you in a single rush but there is no blame on you if ye put away your arms because of the inconvenience of rain or because ye are ill; but take (every) precaution for yourselves.  For the unbelievers Allah hath prepared a humiliating punishment.

103>        When ye pass (congregational) prayers celebrate Allah's praises standing sitting down or lying down on your sides; but when ye are free from danger set up regular prayers: for such prayers are enjoined on believers at stated times.

104 And slacken not in following up the enemy: if ye are suffering hardships they are suffering similar hardships; but ye have hope from Allah while they have none.  And Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.

105>        We have sent down to thee the Book in truth that thou mightest judge between men as guided by Allah: so be not (used) as an advocate by those who betray their trust.        

       *** This verse is untruthful since Muhammad did not receive a Book of revelations. During his lifetime, the Quran was neither compiled nor authenticated. This occurred a decade or so after his death and even then, it was not put together in sequence of history but hapahazardly, totally irrationally or logically, based upon Suras containing the highest sumber of verses down to the lowest***

106>        But seek the forgiveness of Allah; for Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.

107>        Contend not on behalf of such as betray their own souls: for Allah loveth not one given to perfidy and crime.

108>        They may hide (their crimes) from men but they cannot hide (them) from Allah seeing that He is in their midst when they plot by night in words that He cannot approve: and Allah doth compass round all that they do.

109        Ah! these are the sort of men on whose behalf ye may contend in this world; but who will contend with Allah on their behalf on the Day of Judgment or who will carry their affairs through?

110>        If anyone does evil or wrongs his own soul but afterwards seeks Allah's forgiveness he will find Allah Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.

111        And if anyone earns sin he earns it against his own soul: for Allah is full of knowledge and wisdom.

112        But if anyone earns a fault or a sin and throws it on to one that is innocent He carries (on himself) (both) a falsehood and a flagrant sin.

113         But for the Grace of Allah to thee and His Mercy a party of them would certainly have plotted to lead thee astray.  But (in fact) they will only lead their own souls astray and to thee they can do no harm in the least.  For Allah hath sent down to thee the Book and wisdom and taught thee what thou knewest not (before); and great is the grace of Allah unto thee.

114        In most of their secret talks there is no good: but if one exhorts to a deed of charity or justice or conciliation between men (secrecy is permissible): to him who does this seeking the good pleasure of Allah We shall soon give a reward of the highest (value).

115        If anyone contends with the Apostle even after guidance has been plainly conveyed to him and follows a path other than that becoming to men of faith We shall leave him in the path he has chosen and land him in Hell--what an evil refuge!
       *** Those who are alleged to contend with Muhammad, do so not because of any free will but because Allah had already pre destined them to do so. The verse is utterly meaningless and without logic like so many other numerous ones in the Quran.

       The Quran has not been able to reconcile two diametrically opposing views of human destiny and/or pre destiny thus rendering most of its verses  useless both  logically and theologically***

116>        Allah forgiveth not (the sin of) joining other gods with Him: but He forgiveth whom He pleaseth other sins than this: one who joins other gods with Allah hath strayed far far away (from the right).

117>        (The pagans) leaving Him call but upon female deities: they call but upon Satan the persistent rebel!        

        # 627        The unity, power, and goodness of Allah are so manifest in nature and in the human mind when it is in accord with the universal spirit, that only the most abject perversion can account for the sin of religious treason. That sin arises from perverted ideas of sex or perverted ideas of self. The perversion of sex is to suppose that sex rules in religious matters. From it arise such horrible creations of the imagination as Kali, the blood-thirsty goddess of India, or Hecate, the goddess of revenge and hate in Greek mythology. Even in beautiful forms like Saraswati (the goddess of learning) or Minerva (the virgin goddess of sport and arts), to say nothing of Venus (the goddess of carnal pleasures), the emphasis laid on sex destroys a right view of religious nature. Perverted ideas of self are typified in the story of Satan, who was so puffed up with arrogance that he disobeyed Allah, and Allah cursed him. Both these perversions, if allowed lodgment, completely ruin our religious nature and deface Allah's handiwork. Hence it is not merely an outer sin but one that corrupts us through and through#        
       *** The disinformation perpetrated by this interpreter in this instance is surpassed only by his total lack of veracity and objectivity. He deliberately mentions the goddesses of other religions and he conveniently omits those of pagan Arabia which were numerous, powerful and a few required human sacrifices such as al Uzza, the goddess Venus -to which even Muhammad had offered sacrifice before his 'revelations'.

       This omission is deliberate, since the most important goddesses of pagan Arabia were the daughters of the supreme god of the Ka'ba called ALLAH. The pagan god of the Ka'ba, Allah, was subsequently transformed in the Quran into the One and Only God of Israel.

       The three daughters of Allah, moreover, are the same that were accepted by Muhammad  as intercessors with their father. They became the subject of the infamous SATANIC VERSES that Muhammad recited in his momentary lapse into paganism. As usual, he had to find a  scapegoat to blame, and of course one of the easiest was SATAN***

118>        Allah did curse him but he said: "I will take of Thy servants a portion marked off.

119>        "I will mislead them and I will create in them false desires; I will order them to slit the ears of cattle and to deface the (fair) nature created by Allah."  Whoever forsaking Allah takes Satan for a friend hath of a surety suffered a loss that is manifest.

120>        Satan makes them promises and creates in them false desires; but Satan's promises are nothing but deception.

       *** The Quran has made Satan the eternal fall guy for all of Muslims' misdeeds and criminalities. It absolves the individual from any sense of personal responsibility since "It was Satan who made me do it" is the mantra of every criminal. 

       In reality, since according to Muhammadan theology, mankind's destiny is pre-ordained by Allah, then Satan is useless and irrelevant in the scheme of things. In fact, it renders Satan completely and utterly innocent of all charges made against him***

121>        They (his dupes) will have their dwelling in hell and from it they will find no way of escape.

122>        But those who believe and do deeds of righteousness We shall soon admit them to gardens with rivers flowing beneath to dwell therein for ever.  Allah's promise is the truth and whose word can be truer than Allah's?

123>        Not your desires nor those of the people of the Book (can prevail): whoever works evil will be requited accordingly.  Nor will he find besides Allah any protector or helper.

  124        If any do deeds of righteousness be they male or female and have faith they will enter heaven and not the least injustice will be done to them.

125> Who can be better in religion than one who submits his whole self to Allah does good and follows the way of Abraham the true in faith?  For Allah did take Abraham for a friend

       #634        Abraham is distinguished in Muslim theology with the title of "Friend of Allah". This does not of course mean that he was anything more than a mortal. But his faith was pure and true, and his conduct was firm and righteous in all circumstances. He was the fountainhead of the present monotheistic tradition, the Patriarch of the prophetic line, and is revered alike by Jews, Christians and Muslims#

       *** The expression that Abraham was a friend of God comes from the Torah
II Chronicles 20: 7" Are you not our God, who drove out the inhabitants of this land before your people Israel, and gave it to the seed of Abraham your friend for ever?" and

Isaiah 41: 8 "But you, Israel, are my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the seed of Abraham my friend" and is not a new Arab idea ***

126>        But to Allah belong all things in the heavens and on earth: and He it is that encompasseth all things.

127>        They ask thy instruction concerning the women.  Say: Allah doth instruct you about them: and (remember) what hath been rehearsed unto you in the Book concerning the orphans of women to whom ye give not the portions prescribed and yet whom ye desire to marry as also concerning the children who are weak and oppressed: that ye stand firm for justice to orphans.  There is not a good deed which ye do but Allah is well-acquainted therewith.

128>        If a wife fears cruelty or desertion on her husband's part there is no blame on them if they arrange an amicable settlement between themselves; and such settlement is best; even though men's souls are swayed by greed.  But if ye do good and practice self-restraint Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do.
129        Ye are never able to be fair and just as between women even if it is your ardent desire: but turn not away (from a woman) altogether so as to leave her (as it were) hanging (in the air).  If ye come to a friendly understanding and practice self-restraint Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.

130        But if they disagree (and must part) Allah will provide abundance for all from His all-reaching bounty: for Allah is He that careth for all and is Wise.

131>        To Allah belong all things in the heavens and on earth.  Verily We have directed the people of the Book before you and you (O Muslims) to fear Allah.  But if ye deny Him lo! unto Allah belong all things in the heavens and on earth and Allah is free of all wants worthy of all praise.

132>        Yea unto Allah belong all things in the heavens and on earth and enough is Allah to carry through all affairs.

133>        If it were His will He could destroy you O mankind and create another race: for He hath power this to do.

134>        If anyone desires a reward in this life in Allah's (gift) is the reward (both) of this life and of the Hereafter: for Allah is He that heareth and seeth (all things).

135>        O ye who believe! stand out firmly for justice as witnesses to Allah even as against yourselves or your parents or your kin and whether it be (against) rich or poor: for Allah can best protect both.  Follow not the lusts (of your hearts) lest ye swerve and if ye distort (justice) or decline to do justice verily Allah is well-acquainted with all that ye do.        

       *** All the exhortations above are noble, sensible, Biblical and moral but unfortunately, according to the Ahadith records, were never observed by either Muhammad or by his followers.

       His lust for women was insatiable; his lust for power was unlimited; his lack of compassion or justice was abysmal to say the least.

       The Sunna and Ahadith describe a man full of hate, of envy, of carnal and sensual lust, who revels in revenge and has no mercy towards anyone not subservient to himself.

        Even on the field of battle he was not at the forefront but invariably in the background defended by others unto their death***

136>        O ye who believe! believe in Allah and his Apostle and the scripture which He hath sent to His Apostle and the scripture which He sent to those before (him).  And who denieth Allah His angels His Books His Apostles and the Day of Judgment hath gone far far astray.

       *** Scripture is defined as writings, not oral recitation. Allah never sent Muhammad anything in writing nor did God send anything in writing to any other people except the Israelites with the TEN COMMANDMENTS***

137        Those who believe then reject faith then believe (again) and (again) reject faith and go on increasing in unbelief Allah will not forgive them nor guide them on the way.

138        To the hypocrites give the glad tidings that there is for them (but) a grievous penalty.

       *** It is typical that in the Quran 'glad tidings' are equated with the promise of torture and torment in Hell.***

139        Yea to those who take for friends unbelievers rather than believers: is it honor they seek among them?  Nay all honor is with Allah.

140>        Already has He sent you word in the Book that when ye hear the signs of Allah held in defiance and ridicule ye are not to sit with them unless they turn to a different theme: if ye did ye would be like them.  For Allah will collect the Hypocrites and those who defy faith all in hell.

141>        (These are) the ones who wait and watch about you: if ye do gain a victory from Allah they say: "Were we not with you?"  But if the unbelievers gain a success they say (to them): "Did we not gain an advantage over you and did we not guard you from the believers?"  But Allah will judge betwixt you on the Day of Judgment.  And never will Allah grant to the unbelievers a way (to triumph) over the believers.

142        The Hypocrites they think they are over-reaching Allah but He will over-reach them: when they stand up to prayer they stand without earnestness to be seen of men but little do they hold Allah in remembrance.

143        (They are) distracted in mind even in the midst of it being (sincerely) for neither one group nor for another.  Whom Allah leaves straying never wilt thou find for him the way.

144        O ye who believe! take not for friends unbelievers rather than believers: do ye wish to offer Allah an open proof against yourselves?

145        The hypocrites will be in the lowest depths of the fire: no helper wilt thou find for them.

146>        Except for those who repent mend (their life) hold fast to Allah and purify their religion as in Allah's sight: if so they will be (numbered) with the believers.  And soon will Allah grant to the believers a reward of immense value.

147>        What can Allah gain by your punishment if ye are grateful and ye believe?  Nay it is Allah that recogniseth (all good) and knoweth all things.

148        Allah loveth not that evil should be noised abroad in public speech except where injustice hath been done; for Allah is He who heareth and knoweth all things.

149>        Whether ye publish a good deed or conceal it or cover evil with pardon verily Allah doth blot out (sins) and hath power (in the judgment of values).

150>        Those who deny Allah and his Apostles and (those who) wish to separate Allah from His Apostles saying: "We believe in some but reject others": and (those who) wish to take a course midway.

151        They are in truth (equally) unbelievers; and We have prepared for unbelievers a humiliating punishment.

152>        To those who believe in Allah and His Apostles and make no distinction between any of the Apostles We shall soon give their (due) rewards: for Allah is Oft-Forgiving Most Merciful.

153>        The people of the Book ask thee to cause a book to descend to them from heaven: indeed they asked Moses for an even greater (miracle) for they said: "Show us Allah in public" but they were dazed for their presumption with thunder and lightning.  Yet they worshipped the calf even after clear signs had come to them; even so We forgave them; and gave Moses manifest proofs of authority.
       *** The Quran invariably associates the expression 'People of the Book' with the Israelites and the Jews and not in reality with the Christians since if they were among the People of the Book, then they would not have been accused of having 'killed the Christ Jesus the son of Mary' nor would Muhammad or the Quran have prohibited his followers from eating pork as it is not prohibited to the Christians***

154>        And for their Covenant We raised over them (the towering height) of Mount (Sinai); and (on another occasion) We said: "Enter the gate with humility"; and (once again) We commanded them: "Transgress not in the matter of the Sabbath."  And We took from them a solemn Covenant.

       #658        In this verse there is a recapitulation of three salient incidents of Jewish refractoriness already referred to in the second Sura: viz., (1) the Covenant under the towering height of Sinai, ii. 63: (2) their arrogance where they were commanded humility in entering a town, ii. 58: and (3) their transgression of the Sabbath, ii. 65#

       *** Both the Quran and its interpreter continue their malicious, false and deliberate denigrations and attacks on the Jews to make themselves 'look' superior and better. Where and when in the Bible is it mentioned that the 'Jews' transgressed the Sabbath? After all, they are the only ones on the face of the earth at the time who kept the Sabbath.

       Where did the Quran get its 'information' from?

       Why would Gabriel falsify history and give a totally untrue set of information to Muhammad?

       Which town were they commanded to enter with humility?

       Which Shabbath transgression is the Quran pointing to?

       If the Sabbath is so important to the Quran,why then was it not commanded to be a day of rest for the Muhammadans also; after all, they ended up with no day of rest.

       Why should the Quran concern itself with the Shabbath when it does not believe in its sacredness?

       Where in the Bible does it mention that Allah raised the mountain to threaten Israelites with? The Israelites were not, after all, forced into the covenant with God; He offered them the terms and conditions and they willingly accepted.

       They were not, after all, coerced or terrorized into 'believing', unlike what Muhammad and his followers did, to the people of Arabia to start with and then to tens of millions of others on three continants***

155  (They have incurred divine displeasure): in that they broke their Covenant: that they rejected the Signs of Allah; that they slew the Messengers in defiance of right; that they said "Our hearts are the wrappings (which preserve Allah's Word; we need no more)"; nay Allah hath set the seal on their hearts for their blasphemy and little is it they believe.

       #659        In verses 155, 156, 157, 160 (latter half), and 161 with parenthetical clauses including those in verses 158-159, and 160 (first half), there is a catalogue of the iniquities of which the Jews were guilty, and for these iniquities we must understand some such words as: "They are under divine displeasure." Each clause of the indictment I have indicated by prefixing the word "that." 661        Cf. ii. 88, and n. 92, where the full meaning is explained. Note the crescendo (heightening effect) in the argument. Their iniquities were: (1) that they broke their Covenant: (2) that they rejected Allah's guidance as conveyed in His signs; (3) that they killed Allah's Messengers and incurred a double guilt, viz., that of murder and that of a deliberate defiance of Allah's law; and (4) that they imagined themselves arrogantly self-sufficient, which means a blasphemous closing of their hearts forever against the admission of Allah's grace. Then begins another series of iniquities from a different point of view: (1) that they rejected Faith: (2) that they made false charges against a saintly woman like Mary, who was chosen by Allah to be the mother of Jesus; (3) that they boasted of having killed Jesus when they were victims of their own self-hallucination: (4) that they hindered people from Allah's way: and (5) that by means of usury and fraud they oppressed their fellow-men. #

       *** If the Israelites and the Jews did 'break' their covenant, then how is it possible that they still exist?

        That they are back in the land of their birth?

       That they have kept the faith and the light for over 2000 years while the Arabs and Muhammad -the alleged descendants from Abraham- wallowed in the darkness of idolatory all that time?

       The only 'crescendo' that one hears is the shrill voice of lies and hatred emanating from the Quranic verses and its interpreter.

       Had Muhammad lived to see his followers, he would have included them also, among the hypocrites, the sectarians, the breakers of covenants etc., etc. They are definitely inferior to the People of the Book since they broke and continue to break most if not all the precepts that the 'last prophet', Muhammad gave them***

156 That they rejected faith: that they uttered against Mary [Miriam] a grave false charge.

       #662        The false charge against Mary was that she was unchaste. Cf. xix. 27-28. Such a charge is bad enough to make against any woman, but to make it against Mary, the mother of Jesus, was to bring into ridicule Allah's power itself. Islam is specially strong in guarding the reputation of women. Slanderers of women are bound to bring four witnesses in support of their accusations, and if they fail to produce four witnesses, they are to be flogged with eighty stripes and debarred from being competent witnesses: xxiv. 4.#

       ***        Who are these 'they'?

               All the Jews?

               Why all of them?

               Were there no innocent ones?

               Why should the Quran care for Jews killing another Jew?

       Since the Quran sees fit to condemn a whole people for the actions of some of their leaders, then the same rule must be used to measure the actions or lack thereof of ALL Muhammadans.

       The Jews do not believe that Jesus was divine; neither do the Muhammadans.
       The Jews do not believe that Mary/Mariam gave a virginal birth through 'intercourse' with God; neither do the Muhammadans.

       Moreover, if the Jews 'uttered false charges against Mary/Miriam are true, so what? She was Jewish also.

       What business is it of the Quran or its followers?

       After all, the Quran and its adherents attack, vilify, denigrate and impune evil to the the Christians - as well as to all other unbelievers - without a shred of evidence to support them. Why should they have more rights to do so than others? ***

157  That they said (in boast) "We killed Christ Jesus the son of Mary the Apostle of Allah";        but they killed him not nor crucified him but so it was made to appear to them and those who differ therein are full of doubts with no (certain) knowledge but only conjecture to follow for of a surety they killed him not.

       #663        The end of the life of Jesus on earth is as much involved in mystery as his birth, and indeed the greater part of his private life, except the three main years of his ministry. It is not profitable to discuss the many doubts and conjectures among the early Christian sects and among Muslim theologians. The Orthodox Christian Churches make it a cardinal point of their doctrine that his life was taken on the Cross, that he died and was buried, that on the third day he rose in the body with his wounds intact, and walked about and conversed, and ate with his disciples, and was afterwards taken up bodily to heaven. This is necessary for the theological doctrine of blood sacrifice and vicarious atonement for sins, which is rejected by Islam. But some of the early Christian sects did not believe that Christ was killed on the Cross. The Basilidans believed that some one else was substituted for him. The Docetae held that Christ never had a real physical or natural body, but only an apparent or phantom body, and that his Crucifixion was only apparent, not real. The Marcionite Gospel (about A.D. 138) denied that Jesus was born, and merely said that he appeared in human form. The Gospel of St. Barnabas supported the theory of substitution on the Cross. The Quranic teaching is that Christ was not crucified nor killed by the Jews, notwithstanding certain apparent circumstances which produced that illusion in the minds of some of his enemies: that disputations, doubts, and conjectures on such matters are vain; and that he was taken up to Allah (see next verse and note)#        
       *** This is the Quranic version of the none-death of Jesus and has no resemblance whatsoever to anything in the New Testament.

       According to the followers of the Quran, the New Testament is just as invalid -due to human corruption of its contents- as the Torah of the Jews.

       Of course, the Quran -which came about between two thousand to six hundred years after the events that it asserts it has knowledge of- arrogantly declares, without a shred of evidence to corroborate its accusations, that it knows best.

       By denying the death of Jesus, at a stroke, it demolishes the whole basis of Christianity; that Jesus died -and later resurrected- to take away the sins of mankind. While this verse precludes the death of Jesus the following verse proclaims his death 4:159.

       The other blatant falsehood in the Quranic statement is the fact that not a single Jew, even during his lifetime had proclaimed Jesus as the Christ, since he was not; nor did any of them ever boast of his death since he was totally absent from the records of the Bible.

       Jesus was ONLY proclaimed the 'Christ' by others long lafter his death and not during his lifetime. Such manifest errors preclude the possibility that these verses were 'revealed' to Muhammad through the agency of the true angel Gabriel***

158        Nay Allah raised  him up [rafa'ahu] unto Himself; and Allah is Exalted in Power Wise.

       #664        There is difference of opinion as to the exact interpretation of this verse. The words are: The Jews did not kill Jesus, but Allah raised him up (rafa'u) to Himself. One school holds that Jesus did not die the usual human death, but still lives in the body in heaven, which is the generally accepted Muslim view#

       *** As usual, the Quran picks what suits its agenda and audience from all the available Christian traditions regarding Jesus. If Jesus did not die and suffer on the cross, then the whole core of Christianity is destroyed, which is what the Quran attempts to fulfil.

       First it denies the 'Jews' their heritage and then does the same to the Christians leaving itself as the sole remaining 'legitimate revelation'.

       It is improbable, nay impossible that both the Biblical and Quranic versions of the same events can ever be true since they are contradictory.

       Only one version of the events can be relied on as the original, and this cannot be the Quran since its versions of events are displaced by a time lapse of between 2500-600 years from the events described and has no foundation on any recorded version of these events***~

159        And there is none of the People of the Book but must believe in him before his death; and on the Day of Judgment He will be a witness against them.

       #665        Before his death: Interpreters are not agreed as to the exact meaning. Those who hold that Jesus did not die refer the pronoun "his" to Jesus. They say that Jesus is still living in the body and that he will appear just before the Final Day, after the coming of the Mahdi, when the world will be purified of sin and unbelief. There will be a final death before the final Resurrection, but all will have believed before that final death. Others think that "his" is better referred to "none of the People of the Book", and that the emphatic form "must believe" (la-yu' minanna) denotes more a question of duty than of fact.#

       *** 4:157 declares that Jesus did not die. The concept of the Mahdi -in Shi'a Islam- is the same as the Second Coming of the Christians and the Messiah of the Jews. All three religions are now awaiting the End of Days and the coming of their Messiah(s)***

160 For the iniquity of the Jews We made unlawful for them certain (foods) good and wholesome which had been lawful for them; in that they hindered many from Allah's way.

       #667        Cf. vi. 146. The ceremonial law of the Jews forbade the eating of the flesh of the camel, rabbit and hare (Leviticus xi. 4-6), and the fat of oxen, sheep, and goats (Leviticus vii. 23), and was in other respects very strict. #

       *** In 3:93 " All food was lawful to the children of Israel except what Israel made unlawful for itself before the Law (of Moses) was revealed.  Say: "Bring ye the Law and study it if ye be men of truth."

       The verses above contradict each other; while in 3:93 it is alleged that it was the Jews who made prohibitions for themselves, 4:160 alleges that it was God who did so; both cannot be true; furthermore, all food prohibitions were made for the People Israel and not the Jews who did not exist at the time.

        These prohibitions were made, not because they were a punishment as the Quran's totally incoherent message proclaims, but to separate the identity of the Israelites from all the polytheists of the time.

       The Quran, Gabriel and Muhammad are wrong to make the term JEW a religious order instead of what it actually is, a national group; a NATIONALITY because the country of their birth was called JUDEA. Similar to calling Muhammad and his followers ARABS because they were born in ARABIA. ***

161 That they took usury (interest) though they were forbidden; and that they devoured men's substance wrongfully; We have prepared for those among them who reject faith a grievous punishment.

       *** There is no concept of 'usury' in the Torah since lending with interest is a bilateral agreement between two parties invariably between a 'Jew' and non Jews. Interest, contrary to the Quranic verse above, was not forbidden at all especially between an Israelite and a stranger.

Deuteronomy 23:" 20. You shall not lend upon interest to your brother; interest of money, interest of foodstuff, interest of any thing that is lent upon interest;21. To a stranger you may lend upon interest; but to your brother you shall not lend upon interest; that the Lord your God may bless you in all that you set your hand to in the land where you are entering to possess"

       This fact should be obvious since a none Jew would only lend a Jew with interest, then the reciprocal should also be valid.

       Muhammad copied the precept of not taking interest from each other within the group from the Torah but died before he was able to explain it properly.

       His ignorant and generally illiterate followers, because they lacked guidance, extended it in a very illogical and impractical manner to cover all financial transactions. It is a fact and a reality of life, that no commercial, industrial or financial institutions can function or survive WITHOUT collecting INTEREST or PROFIT.

       That is why, the followers of Muhammad had no other alternative but to create and invent a huge and convoluted strategy to take 'INTEREST' without calling it so; thus trying to defy the logic that "A rose by any other name, is still a rose".

       Although interest is prohibited -under Sharia' law- for the allegedly noble reason that all earnings should be as the result of one's own sweat and effort, Muhammad and his followers found much simpler ways of enriching themselves: by dispossessing, enslaving, conquering and plundering others of their produce and wealth.

       In modern times, the Muhammadans have created an elaborate methodology to circumvent this prohibition and disguised it in an 'Islamic' cloak of terms and financial arrangements but with exactly the same results, which is to either pay or receive interest but under other names.

       It beggars belief that Muhammad -who was after all a trader under his wife Khadija- would prohibit interest especially concerning his own Quraysh trading tribe.

       There is absolutely no doubt that Rabwa could only have meant interest, to be prohibited among the Believers (2:276-9), in emulation of the rules that prohibited the People of Israel from doing so (Exodus 22:25 & Deut 23:19).

       When it came to those who were not his followers -unbelievers- such as the Jews and Christians to start with, he did not hesitate to EXTORT in many cases 50% of their produce without any physical or financial input from him or his folllowers' side. This of course was and is not considered by the Muhammadans as an unfair or unjust deal.

       There is absolutely no doubt, based upon all the evidence and background of Muhammad, that his followers got it all wrong because he did not live long enough to explain what he meant and in their ignorance came to the wrong conclusions***

162        But those among them who are well-grounded in knowledge and the believers believe in what hath been revealed to thee; and (especially) those who establish regular prayer and practice regular charity and believe in Allah and in the Last Day: to them shall We soon give a great reward.

163  We have sent thee inspiration as We sent it to Noah and the Messengers after him; We sent inspiration to Abraham Ismail Isaac Jacob and the Tribes to Jesus Job Jonah Aaron and Solomon and to David We gave the Psalms.

       # 668 First we have a general statement: that inspiration was sent to many Messengers, and the inspiration was of the same kind as that sent to the Prophet Muhammmad, for Allah's Message is one. Note that what is spoken of here is Inspiration, not necessarily a Book. Every nation or group of people had a messenger: x. 47. Some of these messengers have been mentioned by name in the Qur-an, and some not: iv. 164.        Cf. ii. 136 and iii. 84. The list here given is in three groups. (1) The first group, Abraham's family, is the same as in ii. 136, (where see the note) and in iii. 84. (2) Then we have the prophets Jesus, Job and Jonah, who symbolise patience and perseverance. (3) Then we have Aaron the priest and Solomon the King, both great figures, but each subordinate to another primary figure, viz., Moses (mentioned in the next verse) and David (mentioned at the end of this verse). David's distinction was the Psalms, some of which are still extant. Though their present form is different from the original and they do undoubtedly include Pslams not written by David, the collection contains much devotional poetry of a high order#        
       *** It is very important to point out that according to the Bible, not a single character mentioned above was a prophet. The Quran, its interpreter and Muhammad, plagiarized, plundered, pirated and/or perverted the Biblical and Hebrew scriptures, so as to arrogate to themselves a greater importance.

        All the intellectual contortions of the interpreters of the Quran can NEVER change a clear and obvious reality and fact, that Muhammad cannot possibly be equal, let alone superior to Moses who after all was the 'one who spoke to God directly' while Muhammad received all his alleged 'revelations', second hand from the angel Gabriel***

164   Of some Apostles We have already told thee the story; of others We have not; and to Moses Allah spoke direct.

       #670        Allah spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai. Hence the title of Moses in Muslim theology: Kalim-ullah: the one to whom Allah spoke#

       *** The verb 'spoke' precludes inspiration and hence is anthropomorphic and makes Moses infinitely more 'intimate' with Allah than Muhammad could ever have been or ever aspired to be.

       Most important of all is the fact, that it took the God of Israel only 40 days and nights to give Moses the Torah (both written and oral) while it took Muhammad's Allah almost 23 years to 'complete' the Quranic 'revelations' through the second hand intercession of Gabriel, almost all of which were 'recited' in hind-sight and after the events and actions that they describe or justify had already transpired***

165>        Apostles who gave good news as well as warning that mankind after (the coming) of the Apostles should have no plea against Allah: for Allah is Exalted in Power Wise.

166        But Allah beareth witness that what He hath sent unto thee He hath sent from His (Own) Knowledge and the angels bear witness: but enough is Allah for a Witness.
167        Those who reject faith and keep off (men) from the way of Allah have verily strayed far far away from the path.

168        Those who reject faith and do wrong Allah will not forgive them nor guide them to any way.

169>        Except the way of Hell to dwell therein for ever: and this to Allah is easy.

170>        O mankind! the Apostle hath come to you in truth from Allah: believe in him: it is best for you.  But if ye reject faith to Allah belong all things in the heavens and on earth: and Allah is All-Knowing All-Wise.

171        O people of the Book! commit no excesses in your religion: nor say of Allah aught but truth.  Christ Jesus the son of Mary was (no more than) an Apostle of Allah and His Word which He bestowed on Mary and a Spirit proceeding from Him: so believe in Allah and His Apostles.  Say not "Trinity": desist: it will be better for you: for Allah is One Allah: glory be to him: (for Exalted is He) above having a son.  To Him belong all things in the heavens and on earth.  And enough is Allah as a Disposer of affairs.

       #675        Just as a foolish servant may go wrong by excess of zeal for his master, so in religion people's excesses may lead them to blasphemy or a spirit the very opposite of religion. The Jewish excesses in the direction of formalism, racialism, exclusiveness, and rejection of Christ Jesus have been denounced in many places. Here the Christian attitude is condemned, which raises Jesus to an equality with Allah: in some cases venerates Mary almost to idolatry: attributes a physical son to Allah: and invents the doctrine of the Trinity, opposed to all reason, which according to the Athanasian Creed, unless a man believes, he is doomed to hell for ever. Let our Muslims also beware lest they fall into excesses either in doctrine or in formalism. (4.171)

       #676        Christ's attributes are mentioned: (1) that he was the son of a woman, Mary, and therefore a man; (2) but a messenger, a man with a mission from Allah, and therefore entitied to honour; (3) a Word bestowed on Mary, for he was created by Allah's word "Be" (kun), and he was: iii. 59; (4) a spirit proceeding from Allah, but not Allah: his life and his mission were more limited than in the case of some other Messengers, though we must pay equal honour to him as a Prophet of Allah. The doctrines of Trinity, equality with Allah, and sonship, are repudiated as blasphemies. Allah is independent of all needs and has no need of a son to manage His affairs. The Gospel of John (whoever wrote it) has put in a great deal of Alexandrian and Gnostic mysticism round the doctrine of the Word (Greek, Logos), but it is simply explained here#

       *** The unity of Allah is reiterated here and refuses to accept the concept of the Trinity since this is idoalterous and totally unacceptable to the monotheism of Islam.

       While the Quran and its followers have no hesitation in attacking the Trinity concept of the Christians, they none the less, find it unacceptable that the Jews may have caused the death of Jesus because he allegedly proclaimed himself to be the Son of God.

       When one studies the excesses committed by Muhammad and his followers in the name of Allah, one must also find their hypocrisy supremely offensive and totally of a double standard nature***

172>        Christ disdaineth not to serve and worship Allah nor do the angels those nearest (to Allah): those who disdain His worship and are arrogant He will gather them all together unto himself to (answer).

173        But those who believe and do deeds of righteousness He will give their (due) rewards and more out of His bounty: but those who are disdainful and arrogant He will punish with a grievous penalty; nor will they find besides Allah any to protect or help them.

174        O mankind! verily there hath come to you a convincing proof from your Lord: for We have sent unto you a light (that is) manifest.

175>        Then those who believe in Allah and hold fast to Him soon will He admit them to Mercy and Grace from Him and guide them to Himself by a straight Way.

176        They ask thee for a legal decision.  Say: Allah directs (thus) about those who leave no descendants or ascendants as heirs.  If it is a man that dies leaving a sister but no child she shall have half the inheritance: if (such a deceased was) a woman who left no child her brother takes her inheritance: if there are two sisters they shall have two-thirds of the inheritance (between them): if there are brothers and sisters (they share) the male having twice the share of the female.  Thus doth Allah make clear to you (His law) lest ye err. And Allah hath knowledge of all things.        
       *** According to the Hadiths, this was the last verse of the Quran that was revealed to Muhammad.
        It took Muhammad Twenty Three years of 'revelations' to finish the Quran, most of which were revealed at his convenience and made to order, after an event had already occurred***

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